Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for TTLL8 Gene

Aliases for TTLL8 Gene

  • Tubulin Tyrosine Ligase Like 8 2 3 5
  • Tubulin Tyrosine Ligase-Like Family Member 8 2
  • Tubulin--Tyrosine Ligase-Like Protein 8 4
  • EC 6.3.2.- 4

External Ids for TTLL8 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TTLL8 Gene

  • GC22M048795
  • GC22M050453
  • GC22M033351

Summaries for TTLL8 Gene

GeneCards Summary for TTLL8 Gene

TTLL8 (Tubulin Tyrosine Ligase Like 8) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include protein-glycine ligase activity and sigma factor antagonist activity. An important paralog of this gene is TTLL3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TTLL8 Gene

  • Monoglycylase which modifies both tubulin and non-tubulin proteins, generating side chains of glycine on the gamma-carboxyl groups of specific glutamate residues of target proteins. Monoglycylates tubulin, with a preference for alpha-tubulin toward beta-tubulin. Has the ability to modify non-tubulin proteins such as ANP32A, ANP32B, SET and NCL. Involved in the side-chain initiation step of the glycylation reaction by adding a single glycine chain to generate monoglycine side chains. Not involved in elongation step of the polyglycylation reaction (By similarity).

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TTLL8 Gene

Genomics for TTLL8 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TTLL8 Gene

Enhancers for TTLL8 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH22F050059 0.6 ENCODE 0.8 -0.2 -155 0.2 CTCF MAZ ADNP MAFG EBF1 EMSY MAFK TTLL8 MLC1
GH22F050018 0.2 ENCODE 0.3 +40.0 39999 1.1 CTCF POLR2A MLLT1 ZBTB33 RAD21 PIM3 MLC1 CHKB IL17REL TTLL8
GH22F050029 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 0.3 +28.2 28244 2.3 HDGF ARID4B KLF17 ZNF48 ZNF2 RAD21 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 ETV6 IL17REL TTLL8
GH22F050027 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 0.3 +31.1 31076 0.8 CTCF ZNF687 MAX MNT POLR2A MTA1 ZNF600 MYC TCF7L2 LOC101928719 IL17REL TTLL8
GH22F050009 0.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 0.2 +45.6 45568 8.7 HDGF PKNOX1 TBL1XR1 FEZF1 RAD21 GLIS2 EGR1 SCRT2 CREM EGR2 PIM3 MLC1 LOC101928719 IL17REL CHKB TUBGCP6 HDAC10 TTLL8
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TTLL8 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TTLL8 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00001844491 632 201

Genomic Location for TTLL8 Gene

Chromosome:
22
Start:
50,015,123 bp from pter
End:
50,059,132 bp from pter
Size:
44,010 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TTLL8 Gene

Genes around TTLL8 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TTLL8 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TTLL8 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TTLL8 Gene

Proteins for TTLL8 Gene

  • Protein details for TTLL8 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    A6PVC2-TTLL8_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein monoglycylase TTLL8
    Protein Accession:
    A6PVC2
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B5MDV0

    Protein attributes for TTLL8 Gene

    Size:
    850 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    94676 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for TTLL8 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TTLL8 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TTLL8 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TTLL8 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TTLL8 Gene

Domains & Families for TTLL8 Gene

Gene Families for TTLL8 Gene

Protein Domains for TTLL8 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TTLL8 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

A6PVC2

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TTLL8_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 TTL domain.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 TTL domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TTLL8: view

Function for TTLL8 Gene

Molecular function for TTLL8 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Monoglycylase which modifies both tubulin and non-tubulin proteins, generating side chains of glycine on the gamma-carboxyl groups of specific glutamate residues of target proteins. Monoglycylates tubulin, with a preference for alpha-tubulin toward beta-tubulin. Has the ability to modify non-tubulin proteins such as ANP32A, ANP32B, SET and NCL. Involved in the side-chain initiation step of the glycylation reaction by adding a single glycine chain to generate monoglycine side chains. Not involved in elongation step of the polyglycylation reaction (By similarity).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TTLL8 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TTLL8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016874 ligase activity IEA --
GO:0070735 protein-glycine ligase activity ISS --
GO:0070736 protein-glycine ligase activity, initiating ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TTLL8: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TTLL8: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TTLL8

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TTLL8 Gene

Localization for TTLL8 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TTLL8 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell projection, cilium. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium axoneme.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TTLL8 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TTLL8 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TTLL8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005874 microtubule IEA --
GO:0005929 cilium ISS --
GO:0005930 axoneme ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TTLL8: view

Pathways & Interactions for TTLL8 Gene

SuperPathways for TTLL8 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TTLL8 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TTLL8 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process IEA --
GO:0018094 protein polyglycylation ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TTLL8: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TTLL8 Gene

Transcripts for TTLL8 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TTLL8 Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TTLL8 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TTLL8 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TTLL8
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TTLL8

Expression for TTLL8 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TTLL8 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TTLL8 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x50.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TTLL8 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreatic juice (54.4) and Adipocyte (14.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TTLL8 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for TTLL8 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TTLL8 Gene:

TTLL8
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TTLL8: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TTLL8 Gene

Orthologs for TTLL8 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TTLL8 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TTLL8 34
  • 94.55 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TTLL8 34 35
  • 80.87 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TTLL8 34 35
  • 77.79 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ttll8 34 16 35
  • 73.21 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TTLL8 35
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TTLL8 35
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TTLL8 35
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta TTLL3A 35
  • 24 (a)
ManyToMany
TTLL3B 35
  • 24 (a)
ManyToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PBY1 35
  • 12 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for TTLL8 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for TTLL8 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TTLL8 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TTLL8 (if available)

Paralogs for TTLL8 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for TTLL8 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TTLL8: view

Variants for TTLL8 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TTLL8 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1010282 -- 50,036,514(+) tcact(A/G)cagac intron-variant
rs1079653 -- 50,036,428(+) TGTAC(A/G)CTCGT intron-variant
rs11101955 -- 50,028,657(+) ACACC(A/G)TCCTA intron-variant
rs11101957 -- 50,029,445(+) GTCCT(A/G)AAGAC intron-variant
rs11101958 -- 50,032,087(+) GACGG(C/T)GTTGT reference, missense

Variation tolerance for TTLL8 Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 11.66; 93.17% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TTLL8 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TTLL8

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TTLL8 Gene

Disorders for TTLL8 Gene

Relevant External Links for TTLL8

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TTLL8

No disorders were found for TTLL8 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TTLL8 Gene

Publications for TTLL8 Gene

  1. Tubulin polyglutamylase enzymes are members of the TTL domain protein family. (PMID: 15890843) Janke C. … Edde B. (Science 2005) 2 3 64
  2. The full-ORF clone resource of the German cDNA consortium. (PMID: 17974005) Bechtel S. … Schupp I. (BMC Genomics 2007) 4 64
  3. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22. (PMID: 10591208) Dunham I. … Wright H. (Nature 1999) 4 64

Products for TTLL8 Gene

Sources for TTLL8 Gene

Content
Loading form....