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Aliases for TSPEAR Gene

Aliases for TSPEAR Gene

  • Thrombospondin-Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeats 2 3 5
  • C21orf29 3 4
  • TSP-EAR 3 4
  • Thrombospondin-Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeats-Containing Protein 3
  • Chromosome 21 Open Reading Frame 29 2
  • Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 98 2
  • DFNB98 3

External Ids for TSPEAR Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TSPEAR Gene

  • C21orf29
  • DFNB98

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TSPEAR Gene

  • GC21M042438
  • GC21M045918
  • GC21M045919
  • GC21M046047
  • GC21M046309
  • GC21M046459
  • GC21M046655

Summaries for TSPEAR Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TSPEAR Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that contains a N-terminal thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and several tandem arranged epilepsy-associated repeats (EARs). A mutation in this gene is the cause of autosomal recessive deafness-98. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2012]

GeneCards Summary for TSPEAR Gene

TSPEAR (Thrombospondin-Type Laminin G Domain And EAR Repeats) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TSPEAR include Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 98 and Autosomal Recessive Non-Syndromic Sensorineural Deafness Type Dfnb.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

  • May play a role in development or function of the auditory system.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TSPEAR Gene

Genomics for TSPEAR Gene

Regulatory Elements for TSPEAR Gene

Enhancers for TSPEAR Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around TSPEAR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TSPEAR Gene

44,497,892 bp from pter
44,711,580 bp from pter
213,689 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TSPEAR Gene

Genes around TSPEAR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TSPEAR Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TSPEAR Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TSPEAR Gene

Proteins for TSPEAR Gene

  • Protein details for TSPEAR Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeat-containing protein
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for TSPEAR Gene

    669 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    74924 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAH21197.2; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Intron retention.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for TSPEAR Gene


neXtProt entry for TSPEAR Gene

Proteomics data for TSPEAR Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TSPEAR Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TSPEAR Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TSPEAR Gene

Domains & Families for TSPEAR Gene

Protein Domains for TSPEAR Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TSPEAR Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 laminin G-like domain.
  • Contains 7 EAR repeats.
  • Contains 1 laminin G-like domain.
  • Contains 7 EAR repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Gene Families for TSPEAR Gene

Function for TSPEAR Gene

Molecular function for TSPEAR Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May play a role in development or function of the auditory system.

Phenotypes for TSPEAR Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TSPEAR: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TSPEAR Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TSPEAR Gene

Localization for TSPEAR Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

Secreted. Cell surface. Cell projection, stereocilium. Note=Secreted protein which may bind to the cell surface via a membrane receptor. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TSPEAR Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TSPEAR gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
lysosome 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
plasma membrane 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TSPEAR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA --
GO:0032420 stereocilium ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TSPEAR: view

Pathways & Interactions for TSPEAR Gene

SuperPathways for TSPEAR Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TSPEAR Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TSPEAR Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TSPEAR Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TSPEAR Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TSPEAR Gene


(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(11) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(4) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TSPEAR Gene

Thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeats:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TSPEAR Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TSPEAR Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TSPEAR Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TSPEAR Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TSPEAR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x8.6) and Pituitary (x7.0).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TSPEAR Gene Hs.660703

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TSPEAR: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for TSPEAR Gene

Orthologs for TSPEAR Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TSPEAR Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TSPEAR 35
  • 83.78 (n)
  • 84.13 (a)
  • 85 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC611461 35
  • 84.66 (n)
  • 84.4 (a)
  • 84 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tspear 35
  • 81.79 (n)
  • 82.19 (a)
Tspear 16
Tspear 36
  • 80 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TSPEAR 35
  • 99.05 (n)
  • 98.8 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TSPEAR 36
  • 67 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TSPEAR 36
  • 70 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TSPEAR 35
  • 72.63 (n)
  • 68.98 (a)
  • 68 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TSPEAR 36
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tspear 35
  • 64.66 (n)
  • 63.06 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tspearb 35
  • 62.22 (n)
  • 58.27 (a)
tspeara 36
  • 54 (a)
tspearb 36
  • 57 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 43 (a)
-- 36
  • 32 (a)
Species with no ortholog for TSPEAR:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TSPEAR Gene

Gene Tree for TSPEAR (if available)
Gene Tree for TSPEAR (if available)

Paralogs for TSPEAR Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for TSPEAR Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Paralogs for TSPEAR Gene

Variants for TSPEAR Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TSPEAR Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 21 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_036271 A colorectal cancer sample
rs233229 -- 44,521,403(+) AAGGG(A/G)CACTT intron-variant
rs233230 -- 44,522,228(+) CGAGG(A/G)CAAGG intron-variant
rs233231 -- 44,546,850(+) gtgat(G/T)ctctt intron-variant
rs233232 -- 44,548,471(+) GGGGA(C/T)GGGAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TSPEAR Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33817 CNV Loss 17666407
nsv913898 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2723638 CNV Deletion 23290073
dgv4772n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913943 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913946 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv913948 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv834109 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv913949 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2723666 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2114700 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2723667 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2723668 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2723669 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2723670 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2723671 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv23492 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545
esv1917114 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2109234 CNV Deletion 18987734
nsv913950 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2723673 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv7169 OTHER Inversion 19470904
nsv913951 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv516004 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv913952 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2751931 CNV Loss 17911159
esv2723674 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2660233 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv8518 OTHER Inversion 19470904
nsv913953 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2723675 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv913954 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv828913 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv913955 CNV Loss 21882294
esv1943808 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2723676 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv271511 CNV Insertion 20981092
dgv4775n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913957 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913958 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv913959 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2723677 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv524387 CNV Loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for TSPEAR Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 95.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.16; 51.67% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TSPEAR Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSPEAR Gene

Disorders for TSPEAR Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for TSPEAR Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
deafness, autosomal recessive 98
  • deafness, autosomal recessive, 98
autosomal recessive non-syndromic sensorineural deafness type dfnb
  • autosomal recessive isolated neurosensory deafness type dfnb
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Deafness, autosomal recessive, 98 (DFNB98) [MIM:614861]: A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss with prelingual onset. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22678063}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for TSPEAR

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TSPEAR: view

No data available for Genatlas for TSPEAR Gene

Publications for TSPEAR Gene

  1. Defect in the gene encoding the EAR/EPTP domain-containing protein TSPEAR causes DFNB98 profound deafness. (PMID: 22678063) Delmaghani S. … Petit C. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2012) 2 3 4 67
  2. A common protein interaction domain links two recently identified epilepsy genes. (PMID: 12095917) Scheel H. … Hofmann K. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2002) 2 3
  3. Functional analysis and identification of cis-regulatory elements of human chromosome 21 gene promoters. (PMID: 20494980) Warnatz H.J. … Yaspo M.L. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2010) 3
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3
  5. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3

Products for TSPEAR Gene

Sources for TSPEAR Gene