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TSPAN31 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 52
GCID: GC12P058138

Tetraspanin 31

(Previous name: sarcoma amplified sequence)
(Previous symbol: SAS)
  See TSPAN31-related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Tetraspanin 311 2     tetraspanin-312
SAS1 2 3 5     Transmembrane 4 Protein2
Sarcoma Amplified Sequence1 2     tspan-312
Sarcoma-Amplified Sequence2 3     Tspan-313

External Ids:    HGNC: 105391   Entrez Gene: 63022   Ensembl: ENSG000001354527   OMIM: 1810355   UniProtKB: Q129993   

Export aliases for TSPAN31 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC12P056426 GC12P055175


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for TSPAN31 Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily, also known as the tetraspanin
family. Most of these members are cell-surface proteins that are characterized by the presence of four
hydrophobic domains. The proteins mediate signal transduction events that play a role in the regulation of cell
development, activation, growth and motility. This encoded protein is thought to be involved in growth-related
cellular processes. This gene is associated with tumorigenesis and osteosarcoma. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for TSPAN31 Gene:
TSPAN31 (tetraspanin 31) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with TSPAN31 include malignant fibroxanthoma, and osteosarcoma. An important paralog of this gene is TSPAN13.

Gene Wiki entry for TSPAN31 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence at NCBI GenBank:
NC_000012.11  NT_029419.13  NC_018923.2  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the TSPAN31 gene promoter:
         E2F-3a   c-Fos   AP-1   E2F-2   c-Jun   NF-kappaB   NF-kappaB1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidTSPAN31 promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for TSPAN31

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat TSPAN31


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 12q13.3   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  12q14.1   HGNC cytogenetic band: 12q13-q14

TSPAN31 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
TSPAN31 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 12         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC12P058138:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
58,131,796 bp from pter      End:
58,143,994 bp from pter
Size:
12,199 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, antibodies-online, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TSN31_HUMAN, Q12999 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Tetraspanin-31  
Size: 210 amino acids; 23053 Da
Secondary accessions: O00577 Q53X76

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for TSPAN31: NX_Q12999

Explore proteomics data for TSPAN31 at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Glycosylation2 at Asn100, Asn109, Asn117, Asn134
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See TSPAN31 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins: NP_005972.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000257910   ENSP00000448209   ENSP00000449312   ENSP00000446482   ENSP00000450195  
     ENSP00000449199   ENSP00000449131  

    TSPAN31 Human Recombinant Protein Products:

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    Sino Biological Recombinant Protein for TSPAN31
    Sino Biological Cell Lysate for TSPAN31
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    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for TSPAN31

     
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    antibodies-online proteins for TSPAN31 (2 products) 

     
    antibodies-online peptides for TSPAN31

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    antibodies-online antibodies for TSPAN31 (14 products) 

    TSPAN31 Assay Products:

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    antibodies-online kits for TSPAN31 (10 products) 


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    TSPAN: Tetraspanins

    2 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR018499 Tetraspanin/Peripherin
     IPR000301 Tetraspanin

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q12999

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q12999

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB000301 Transmembrane four family signature

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TSN31_HUMAN, Q12999
    Similarity: Belongs to the tetraspanin (TM4SF) family


    Find genes that share domains with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Phenotypes:
         1 MGI phenotypic allele for Tspan31 (no phenotypes)

    Find genes that share phenotypes with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe

    Animal Models:
       genOway: Develop your customized and physiologically relevant rodent model for TSPAN31

    miRNA
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    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat TSPAN31 using miScript Target Protectors
    Selected qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate TSPAN31 (see all 15):
    hsa-miR-548d-3p hsa-miR-2278 hsa-miR-513c hsa-miR-371-5p hsa-miR-373* hsa-miR-33a* hsa-miR-4261 hsa-miR-135b
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidTSPAN31 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat TSPAN31

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    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat TSPAN31

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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for TSPAN31


    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    TSN31_HUMAN, Q12999: Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    plasma membrane4
    extracellular1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005887integral component of plasma membrane TAS8134123
    GO:0016020membrane TAS8134123
    GO:0016021integral component of membrane ----

    Find genes that share ontologies with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for TSPAN31
    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for TSPAN31

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see more details)

    3 Interacting proteins for TSPAN31 (Q129993 ENSP000002579104) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    MED6O755863I2D: score=2 
    DDA1ENSP000003529284STRING: ENSP00000352928
    ELAVL1ENSP000003852694STRING: ENSP00000385269
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0008284positive regulation of cell proliferation TAS8134123

    Find genes that share ontologies with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for TSPAN31 (TSN31)

    1 PharmGKB related drug/compound annotation for TSPAN31 gene    About this table
    Drug/compound PharmGKB Annotation
    somatropin recombinantCA  



    Find genes that share compounds with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for TSPAN31 gene: 
    NM_005981.3  

    Unigene Cluster for TSPAN31:

    Tetraspanin 31
    Hs.632708  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: AB209699
    14 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000553221 ENST00000547311 ENST00000550528 ENST00000257910(uc001spt.3 uc009zqb.3 uc010ssa.2)
    ENST00000547992 ENST00000552816 ENST00000553089 ENST00000549052 ENST00000546993
    ENST00000547472 ENST00000548093 ENST00000548167 ENST00000550791 ENST00000546922

    miRNA
    Products:
         
    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat TSPAN31 using miScript Target Protectors
    Selected qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate TSPAN31 (see all 15):
    hsa-miR-548d-3p hsa-miR-2278 hsa-miR-513c hsa-miR-371-5p hsa-miR-373* hsa-miR-33a* hsa-miR-4261 hsa-miR-135b
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidTSPAN31 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat TSPAN31
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    OriGene qPCR primer pairs and template standards for TSPAN31
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      QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat TSPAN31
      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat TSPAN31

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AB209699.1 AK294128.1 AK315765.1 BC010377.1 BX647402.1 CR407647.1 U01160.1 

    15 DOTS entries:

    DT.92408932  DT.445603  DT.100800137  DT.40113477  DT.121198928  DT.121198876  DT.100701711  DT.121198875 
    DT.95093290  DT.100667381  DT.100701713  DT.121198723  DT.100851460  DT.121198852  DT.95339116 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 198):

    CK821636 AU136058 BU193363 BM452411 BI044405 BI793069 AI554284 AU103103 
    BM920971 AU103105 BM544408 AI272248 CA406334 CA394386 CR616737 AW409777 
    CR592832 CA393903 BF037005 CR623983 BI822098 BQ436397 NM_005981 AI281002 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    Selected Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TSPAN31 (see all 8)    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c
    SP1:                    -     -                 -     -     -                 -                           
    SP2:                    -     -                 -     -     -                 -                           
    SP3:                          -                 -     -     -                                             
    SP4:                    -     -                 -     -     -                                             
    SP5:                    -     -                 -                                                         


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for TSPAN31

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    TSPAN31 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: CCAGATGTGT
    TSPAN31 Expression
    About this image

    TSPAN31 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    TSPAN31 Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.632708
        Custom PCR Arrays for TSPAN31
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for TSPAN31 gene from Selected species (see all 11)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Tspan311 , 5 tetraspanin 311, 5 86.51(n)1
    88.1(a)1
      10 (74.50 cM)5
    671251  NM_025982.41  NP_080258.11 
     1270673175 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia TSPAN316
    tetraspanin 31
    71(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    2(66647334-66672453)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia BC043968.12   -- 75.22(n)    BC043968.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii zgc567102 similar to sarcoma amplified sequence 75.45(n)   393251  AY398411.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta Tsp97E6
    Tetraspanin 97E
    35(a)
    1 → many
    3R(22787446-22790547)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for TSPAN31 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for TSPAN31 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for TSPAN31 gene
    TSPAN132  
    2 SIMAP similar genes for TSPAN31 using alignment to 8 protein entries:     TSN31_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    TM4SF13    TSPAN13

    Find genes that share paralogs with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for TSPAN31 (see all 81)    About this table                                 

    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 12 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs619357441,2
    C,F--58137968(+) CGTGAG/AAAGGA 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- A:0.50NA 2
    rs745655081,2
    C,F--58138069(+) TAAATG/AAGACT 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- A:0.07CSA WA 120
    rs733382361,2
    C,F--58138100(+) TTTTGC/TAAGCC 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- T:0.03WA 120
    rs1509859571,2
    C--58138206(+) TTCCAC/TACTGA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1152269241,2
    F--58138241(+) TAGGAG/AGAGAT 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- A:0.04WA 118
    rs1890694401,2
    --58138256(+) AACAGA/GACATG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1923229621,2
    --58138535(+) CCTAAA/GTTCCT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs26405991,2
    C,H--58138632(+) TGTAGT/CCCCTA 1 -- us2k13Minor allele frequency- C:0.00NS NA 124
    rs1407589771,2
    --58138746(+) GCATGC/TAGGCC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs283647021,2
    C,F--58138824(+) AGTATT/CGGGTT 1 -- ut512Minor allele frequency- C:0.02MN EA 1252

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for TSPAN31 (58131796 - 58143994 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 8 variations for TSPAN31:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv819021CNV Loss19587683
    nsv899121CNV Loss21882294
    nsv510601CNV Loss20534489
    nsv899123CNV Loss21882294
    nsv470296CNV Loss18288195
    nsv470297CNV Gain18288195
    nsv826384CNV Gain20364138
    nsv826386CNV Gain20364138

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing TSPAN31
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for TSPAN31

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 181035    OMIM disorders: --

    4 diseases for TSPAN31:    
    About MalaCards
    malignant fibroxanthoma    osteosarcoma    chondroma    sarcoma

    3 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for TSPAN31:
    Liposarcoma     Malignant fibroxanthoma     Chondroma

    Find genes that share disorders with TSPAN31           About GenesLikeMe

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): TSPAN31
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: TSPAN31 (4 documents)

    Export disorders for TSPAN31 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for TSPAN31 gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 20):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with TSPAN31)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Variation at the NFATC2 locus increases the risk of thiazolidinedione-induced edema in the Diabetes REduction Assessment with ramipril and rosiglitazone Medication (DREAM) study. (PubMed id 20628086)1, 4 Bailey S.D....Anand S. (Diabetes Care 2010)
    2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S.... Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004)
    3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004)
    4. Transcript mapping in a 46-kb sequenced region at the core of 12q13.3 amplification in human cancers. (PubMed id 9192850)1, 2 Elkahloun A.G....Meltzer P.S. (Genomics 1997)
    5. SAS, a gene amplified in human sarcomas, encodes a new member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily of proteins. (PubMed id 8134123)1, 2 Jankowski S.A.... Meltzer P.S. (Oncogene 1994)
    6. Amplification of CDK4, MDM2, SAS and GLI genes in leiomyosarcoma, alveolar and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. (PubMed id 15024701)1, 9 Ragazzini P....Benassi M.S. (Histol. Histopathol. 2004)
    7. New genetic associations detected in a host response study to hepatitis B vaccine. (PubMed id 20237496)1 Davila S....Seielstad M. (Genes Immun. 2010)
    8. Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of HuR by heat shock. (PubMed id 19322201)1 Abdelmohsen K....Gorospe M. (EMBO J. 2009)
    9. Gene-centric association signals for lipids and apolipoproteins identified via the HumanCVD BeadChip. (PubMed id 19913121)1 Talmud P.J.... . (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2009)
    10. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PubMed id 12477932)1 Strausberg R.L....Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 6302 HGNC: 10539 AceView: SAS Ensembl:ENSG00000135452 euGenes: HUgn6302
    ECgene: TSPAN31 H-InvDB: TSPAN31

    (According to HUGE)
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      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for TSPAN31 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    ATLAS Chromosomes in Cancer entry for TSPAN31 Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for TSPAN31 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving TSPAN31

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



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