Aliases for TSHR Gene
External Ids for TSHR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TSHR Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane protein and a major controller of thyroid cell metabolism. The encoded protein is a receptor for thyrothropin and thyrostimulin, and its activity is mediated by adenylate cyclase. Defects in this gene are a cause of several types of hyperthyroidism. Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2008]
GeneCards Summary for TSHR Gene
TSHR (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TSHR include Hypothyroidism, Congenital, Nongoitrous, 1 and Hyperthyroidism, Familial Gestational. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and cAMP signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is LHCGR.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TSHR Gene
Receptor for the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or thyrotropin (PubMed:11847099, PubMed:12045258). Also acts as a receptor for the heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone (GPHA2:GPHB5) or thyrostimulin (PubMed:12045258). The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylate cyclase (PubMed:11847099). Plays a central role in controlling thyroid cell metabolism (By similarity).