Aliases for TRPV3 Gene
External Ids for TRPV3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TRPV3 Gene
This gene product belongs to a family of nonselective cation channels that function in a variety of processes, including temperature sensation and vasoregulation. The thermosensitive members of this family are expressed in subsets of sensory neurons that terminate in the skin, and are activated at distinct physiological temperatures. This channel is activated at temperatures between 22 and 40 degrees C. This gene lies in close proximity to another family member gene on chromosome 17, and the two encoded proteins are thought to associate with each other to form heteromeric channels. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2012]
GeneCards Summary for TRPV3 Gene
TRPV3 (Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, Subfamily V, Member 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TRPV3 include olmsted syndrome and dentin sensitivity. Among its related pathways are CREB Pathway and Ion channel transport. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is TRPV2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRPV3 Gene
Putative receptor-activated non-selective calcium permeant cation channel. It is activated by innocuous (warm) temperatures and shows an increased response at noxious temperatures greater than 39 degrees Celsius. Activation exhibits an outward rectification. May associate with TRPV1 and may modulate its activity. Is a negative regulator of hair growth and cycling: TRPV3-coupled signaling suppresses keratinocyte proliferation in hair follicles and induces apoptosis and premature hair follicle regression (catagen).
Vanilloids are a group of compounds, structurally related to capsaicin, thought to exert their actions via vanilloid receptors. The vanilloid receptor family (TRPV) is a subgroup of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of ion channels, and six members (TRPV1-6) have so far been identified. The six vanilloid receptor members have been divided into four groups on the basis of structure and function: TRPV1/2, TRPV3, TRPV4 and TRPV5/6. TRPV1-4 are thermosensitive, non-selective cation channels that exist as tetrameric complexes. They are activated by a range of stimuli including heat, protons, lipids and changes in osmolarity or pressure. TRPV5-6 are calcium selective channels that are involved in the absorption and reabsorption of calcium across intestinal and renal epithelia. It has been proposed that cannabinoids are endogenous ligands for vanilloid receptors. Furthermore, adenosine has been shown to be an endogenous TRPV1 ligand and TRPV4 is activated by anandamide and arachidonic acid.