Aliases for TRPM4 Gene
External Ids for TRPM4 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a calcium-activated nonselective ion channel that mediates transport of monovalent cations across membranes, thereby depolarizing the membrane. The activity of the encoded protein increases with increasing intracellular calcium concentration, but this channel does not transport calcium. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]
GeneCards Summary for TRPM4 Gene
TRPM4 (Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, Subfamily M, Member 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TRPM4 include progressive familial heart block, type ib and familial progressive cardiac conduction defect. Among its related pathways are CREB Pathway and Ion channel transport. GO annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and calcium activated cation channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is TRPM1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRPM4 Gene
Calcium-activated non selective (CAN) cation channel that mediates membrane depolarization. While it is activated by increase in intracellular Ca(2+), it is impermeable to it. Mediates transport of monovalent cations (Na(+) > K(+) > Cs(+) > Li(+)), leading to depolarize the membrane. It thereby plays a central role in cadiomyocytes, neurons from entorhinal cortex, dorsal root and vomeronasal neurons, endocrine pancreas cells, kidney epithelial cells, cochlea hair cells etc. Participates in T-cell activation by modulating Ca(2+) oscillations after T lymphocyte activation, which is required for NFAT-dependent IL2 production. Involved in myogenic constriction of cerebral arteries. Controls insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells. May also be involved in pacemaking or could cause irregular electrical activity under conditions of Ca(2+) overload. Affects T-helper 1 (Th1) and T-helper 2 (Th2) cell motility and cytokine production through differential regulation of calcium signaling and NFATC1 localization. Enhances cell proliferation through up-regulation of the beta-catenin signaling pathway.