Aliases for TRPA1 Gene
External Ids for TRPA1 Gene
Previous Symbols for TRPA1 Gene
The structure of the protein encoded by this gene is highly related to both the protein ankyrin and transmembrane proteins. The specific function of this protein has not yet been determined; however, studies indicate the function may involve a role in signal transduction and growth control. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for TRPA1 Gene
TRPA1 (Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, Subfamily A, Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TRPA1 include episodic pain syndrome, familial and somatoform disorder. Among its related pathways are Ion channel transport and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium channel activity and channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is ANKRD16.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRPA1 Gene
Receptor-activated non-selective cation channel involved in detection of pain and possibly also in cold perception and inner ear function. Has a central role in the pain response to endogenous inflammatory mediators and to a diverse array of volatile irritants, such as mustard oil, garlic and acrolein, an irritant from tears gas and vehicule exhaust fumes. Acts also as a ionotropic cannabinoid receptor by being activated by delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana. Not involved in menthol sensation. May be a component for the mechanosensitive transduction channel of hair cells in inner ear, thereby participating in the perception of sounds. Probably operated by a phosphatidylinositol second messenger system (By similarity).
TRPA1 is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of ion channels. TRPA1 is classed as a thermoTRP: a TRP channel which is gated by temperature and functions as a temperature transducer. This channel is thought to be indirectly activated by cold; it is often expressed in the same neurons as TRPV1, another thermoTRP, which senses heat.