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Aliases for TRMT44 Gene

Aliases for TRMT44 Gene

  • TRNA Methyltransferase 44 Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2 2 3 5
  • Methyltransferase-Like Protein 19 3 4
  • Methyltransferase Like 19 2 3
  • C4orf23 3 4
  • METTL19 3 4
  • Probable TRNA (Uracil-O(2)-)-Methyltransferase 3
  • Chromosome 4 Open Reading Frame 23 2
  • EC 4
  • EC 2.1.1 61
  • TRM44 3

External Ids for TRMT44 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TRMT44 Gene

  • C4orf23
  • METTL19

Summaries for TRMT44 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TRMT44 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a putative tRNA methyltransferase found in the cytoplasm. Defects in this gene may be a cause of partial epilepsy with pericentral spikes (PEPS), but that has not been proven definitively. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]

GeneCards Summary for TRMT44 Gene

TRMT44 (TRNA Methyltransferase 44 Homolog (S. Cerevisiae)) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and tRNA processing. GO annotations related to this gene include methyltransferase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRMT44 Gene

  • Probable adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent tRNA (uracil-O(2)-)-methyltransferase.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TRMT44 Gene

Genomics for TRMT44 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TRMT44 Gene

Enhancers for TRMT44 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH04G008402 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 32.3 -33.3 -33277 1.6 CTCF RB1 MAX ZNF2 RAD21 YY1 ZNF316 ZNF143 SMC3 MAFK TRMT44 ENSG00000205959 HTRA3 ACOX3 SH3TC1 GMPSP1 ENSG00000251615 PIR54498 PIR46187
GH04G008505 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 33.9 +70.9 70928 2.6 BCOR TEAD4 ZMYM3 NFE2 RBBP5 PRDM1 HDAC8 NR2F2 TRMT44 ENSG00000205959 ENSG00000251615 ENSG00000251186 GC04M008538
GH04G008418 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 20.4 -16.7 -16707 1.5 BMI1 RELB IKZF2 CREM CEBPB JUNB HDAC8 TBX21 RAD51 SMARCA4 ENSG00000205959 TRMT44 HTRA3 SH3TC1 ENSG00000251186 ENSG00000251615 GMPSP1 ACOX3 PIR46187
GH04G008438 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 21.9 +4.1 4120 3.7 PKNOX1 MLX ARNT WRNIP1 ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 TRMT44 ENSG00000251615 LOC105374376 ACOX3
GH04G008501 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 33.7 +66.0 65960 1.3 ZNF263 NRF1 NR3C1 REST ZIC2 NR2F2 ZFHX2 NFIC EGR1 ZNF341 TRMT44 ENSG00000205959 ENSG00000251615 ENSG00000251186 GC04M008538
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TRMT44 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TRMT44 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for TRMT44 Gene

8,436,140 bp from pter
8,516,547 bp from pter
80,408 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TRMT44 Gene

Genes around TRMT44 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TRMT44 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TRMT44 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TRMT44 Gene

Proteins for TRMT44 Gene

  • Protein details for TRMT44 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Probable tRNA (uracil-O(2)-)-methyltransferase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8NA95

    Protein attributes for TRMT44 Gene

    757 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    84629 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for TRMT44 Gene


neXtProt entry for TRMT44 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for TRMT44 Gene


Post-translational modifications for TRMT44 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Families for TRMT44 Gene

Protein Domains for TRMT44 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TRMT44 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TRM44 family.
  • Belongs to the TRM44 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TRMT44: view

Function for TRMT44 Gene

Molecular function for TRMT44 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uridine(44) in tRNA(Ser) = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2-O-methyluridine(44) in tRNA(Ser).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent tRNA (uracil-O(2)-)-methyltransferase.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TRMT44 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008168 methyltransferase activity IEA --
GO:0016300 tRNA (uracil) methyltransferase activity IBA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TRMT44: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TRMT44: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TRMT44 Gene

Localization for TRMT44 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRMT44 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TRMT44 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TRMT44 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TRMT44: view

Pathways & Interactions for TRMT44 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TRMT44: view

Pathways by source for TRMT44 Gene

Interacting Proteins for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TRMT44 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008033 tRNA processing IEA --
GO:0030488 tRNA methylation IBA --
GO:0032259 methylation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TRMT44: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TRMT44 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TRMT44 Gene

(2) Drugs for TRMT44 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
S-Adenosylmethionine Approved Nutra 0
s-adenosylhomocysteine Experimental Pharma 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TRMT44: view

Transcripts for TRMT44 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TRMT44 Gene

TRNA methyltransferase 44 homolog (S. cerevisiae):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TRMT44 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c ^ 12a · 12b · 12c
SP1: - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: -
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for TRMT44 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TRMT44 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TRMT44 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TRMT44 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Platelet (68.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TRMT44 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TRMT44 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TRMT44 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TRMT44 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TRMT44: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TRMT44 Gene

Orthologs for TRMT44 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TRMT44 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TRMT44 34 35
  • 95.76 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TRMT44 34 35
  • 77.82 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TRMT44 34 35
  • 77.49 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Trmt44 34
  • 73.86 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Trmt44 34 16 35
  • 73.15 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TRMT44 35
  • 69 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TRMT44 35
  • 62 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves METTL19 34
  • 64.79 (n)
TRMT44 35
  • 61 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 72 (a)
-- 35
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia trmt44 34
  • 66.88 (n)
Str.3599 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC398534 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii trmt44 34 35
  • 58.66 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006663 34
  • 53.21 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9386 34 35
  • 50.32 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C23G10.7 35
  • 28 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TRM44 35
  • 21 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 49 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8390 34
Species where no ortholog for TRMT44 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TRMT44 Gene

Gene Tree for TRMT44 (if available)
Gene Tree for TRMT44 (if available)

Paralogs for TRMT44 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TRMT44 Gene

Variants for TRMT44 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TRMT44 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000046229 -- 8,475,483(+) CACTC(C/G)GGTTT intron-variant
rs1000050789 -- 8,477,773(+) TCGGC(C/G)CCCCA intron-variant
rs1000056880 -- 8,510,788(+) GGAGG(A/C)CAAGG nc-transcript-variant
rs1000120918 -- 8,477,062(+) AAAGT(G/T)ATTTC intron-variant
rs10001657 -- 8,496,729(+) GCCTC(A/G)GGGGC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TRMT44 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv34196 OTHER inversion 12058347
esv3599546 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1002794 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1005698 CNV gain 25217958
nsv461220 CNV loss 19166990
nsv593638 CNV loss 21841781
nsv829854 CNV gain+loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for TRMT44 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 94.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.70; 57.32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TRMT44 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRMT44 Gene

Disorders for TRMT44 Gene

Relevant External Links for TRMT44

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for TRMT44 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TRMT44 Gene

Publications for TRMT44 Gene

  1. Q8IYL2 is a candidate gene for the familial epilepsy syndrome of partial epilepsy with pericentral spikes (PEPS). (PMID: 21658913) Leschziner G.D. … Johnson M.R. (Epilepsy Res. 2011) 2 3 4 64
  2. DUF1613 is a novel family of eucaryotic AdoMet-dependent methyltransferases. (PMID: 16861910) Knizewski L. … Ginalski K. (Cell Cycle 2006) 3 4 64
  3. Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4. (PMID: 15815621) Hillier L.W. … Wilson R.K. (Nature 2005) 3 4 64
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for TRMT44 Gene

Sources for TRMT44 Gene

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