Aliases for TRIO Gene
External Ids for TRIO Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TRIO Gene
This gene encodes a large protein that functions as a GDP to GTP exchange factor. This protein promotes the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, thereby playing a role in cell migration and growth. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2015]
GeneCards Summary for TRIO Gene
TRIO (Trio Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TRIO include Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 44. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is KALRN.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRIO Gene
Promotes the exchange of GDP by GTP. Together with leukocyte antigen-related (LAR) protein, it could play a role in coordinating cell-matrix and cytoskeletal rearrangements necessary for cell migration and cell growth.
GTPases are a group of enzymes that catalyze hydrolysis of the gamma phosphate bond in guanine triphosphate (GTP) to form guanine diphosphate (GDP). Mg2+ ions are essential for catalytic activity. GTPases, often coupled to G proteins, are essential in signal transduction.