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Aliases for TREH Gene

Aliases for TREH Gene

  • Trehalase 2 3 3 5
  • Alpha,Alpha-Trehalose Glucohydrolase 2 3 4
  • Trehalase (Brush-Border Membrane Glycoprotein) 2 3
  • Alpha,Alpha-Trehalase 2 4
  • EC 4 61
  • TREA 3 4
  • TRE 3

External Ids for TREH Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TREH Gene

  • GC11M120885
  • GC11M120040
  • GC11M118066
  • GC11M118034
  • GC11M118528
  • GC11M114466

Summaries for TREH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TREH Gene

  • This gene encodes an enzyme that hydrolyses trehalose, a disaccharide formed from two glucose molecules found mainly in fungi, plants, and insects. A partial duplication of this gene is located adjacent to this locus on chromosome 11. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

GeneCards Summary for TREH Gene

TREH (Trehalase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TREH include Trehalase Deficiency and Vulvovaginitis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Digestion of dietary carbohydrate. GO annotations related to this gene include alpha,alpha-trehalase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TREH Gene

  • Intestinal trehalase is probably involved in the hydrolysis of ingested trehalose.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TREH Gene

Genomics for TREH Gene

Regulatory Elements for TREH Gene

Enhancers for TREH Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH11F118614 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 25.3 +60.3 60321 9.2 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A YBX1 DMAP1 ZNF207 FOS TREHP1 LOC105369519 IFT46 TREH RNU6-1157P ARCN1 RPS25 C1QTNF5 ENSG00000255384 KMT2A
GH11F118633 0.4 ENCODE 25.1 +44.3 44324 3.6 HDGF GLIS2 FOS KLF7 SP3 SP5 REST ZNF623 ZNF592 SMARCA4 TREHP1 LOC105369519 TREH IFT46 MIR6716 PHLDB1 UPK2 RN7SL688P BCL9L ENSG00000255176
GH11F118714 0.5 Ensembl ENCODE 22.7 -36.0 -35996 3.0 PKNOX1 ARNT TBL1XR1 ZBTB40 GATA2 CREM EGR2 ZBTB2 SP5 NCOA1 LOC105369519 TREH CXCR5 LOC101929133 RN7SL688P BCL9L UPK2 MIR6716 PHLDB1 RNU6-376P
GH11F118603 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE 19.5 +71.1 71063 9.9 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT CREB3L1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 ZNF143 ZNF207 IFT46 TREHP1 LOC105369519 TREH SETP16 ENSG00000254892 ENSG00000255176 ARCN1 TTC36 LOC100130353
GH11F118770 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 18.8 -91.9 -91894 2.4 BCOR ATF1 CREB3L1 ZMYM3 SIN3A NFXL1 ZBTB40 ZKSCAN1 ZNF316 CTBP1 TREHP1 LOC105369519 TREH IFT46 CXCR5 LOC101929133 RN7SL688P BCL9L UPK2 ENSG00000255176
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TREH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TREH Gene

118,657,316 bp from pter
118,679,690 bp from pter
22,375 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TREH Gene

Genes around TREH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TREH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TREH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TREH Gene

Proteins for TREH Gene

  • Protein details for TREH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q32MB9
    • Q53FY8

    Protein attributes for TREH Gene

    583 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    66568 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked.

    Alternative splice isoforms for TREH Gene


neXtProt entry for TREH Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for TREH Gene


Post-translational modifications for TREH Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 78, Asn 239, Asn 261, and Asn 369
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TREH Gene

Antibody Products

Domains & Families for TREH Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TREH Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 37 family.
  • Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 37 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TREH: view

No data available for Gene Families for TREH Gene

Function for TREH Gene

Molecular function for TREH Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Alpha,alpha-trehalose + H(2)O = beta-D-glucose + alpha-D-glucose.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Intestinal trehalase is probably involved in the hydrolysis of ingested trehalose.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TREH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TREH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004555 alpha,alpha-trehalase activity IEA,IDA 8773341
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0016798 hydrolase activity, acting on glycosyl bonds IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TREH: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TREH: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TREH Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for TREH Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TREH:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for TREH Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TREH

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TREH Gene

Localization for TREH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TREH Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TREH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TREH gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 2
cytosol 1
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TREH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA,TAS 9427547
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0031225 anchored component of membrane IEA --
GO:0046658 anchored component of plasma membrane TAS 8773341
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TREH: view

Pathways & Interactions for TREH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TREH: view

Pathways by source for TREH Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for TREH Gene
2 KEGG pathways for TREH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TREH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005991 trehalose metabolic process IEA,NAS 8773341
GO:0005993 trehalose catabolic process TAS 9427547
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009887 animal organ morphogenesis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TREH: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TREH Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TREH Gene

(8) Drugs for TREH Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Water Approved Pharma 0
Beta-D-Glucose Experimental Pharma 0
Uridine diphosphate glucose Experimental Pharma 0

(10) Additional Compounds for TREH Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • alpha,alpha-Trehalose
  • D-Trehalose-anhydrous
  • delta-Trehalose-anhydrous
  • a-D-Glucopyranose
  • a-D-Glucose
  • a-Dextrose
  • a-Glucose
  • alpha-D-Glucopyranose
  • Roferose ST
  • (+)-Glucose
  • Anhydrous dextrose
  • Cerelose
  • Cerelose 2001
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TREH: view

Transcripts for TREH Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TREH Gene

Unigene Clusters for TREH Gene

Trehalase (brush-border membrane glycoprotein):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TREH Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b · 15c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for TREH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TREH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for TREH Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TREH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x19.4) and Kidney - Cortex (x8.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TREH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (44.3) and Serum (21.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TREH Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TREH Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TREH Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TREH Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TREH: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TREH Gene

Orthologs for TREH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TREH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TREH 34 35
  • 99.31 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TREH 34 35
  • 84.79 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TREH 34 35
  • 84.62 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Treh 34
  • 83.01 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Treh 34 16 35
  • 82.66 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TREH 35
  • 66 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TREH 35
  • 54 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TREH 35
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia treh 34
  • 59.5 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii treh 34 35
  • 60.51 (n)
Dr.14709 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.2295 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012053 34
  • 54.81 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Treh 36 34 35
  • 54.47 (n)
CG6262 35
  • 19 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea tre-3 34 35
  • 48.69 (n)
tre-1 35
  • 39 (a)
tre-4 35
  • 32 (a)
tre-5 35
  • 32 (a)
tre-2 35
  • 31 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes NTH1 35
  • 18 (a)
NTH2 35 37
  • 17 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons TRE1 34
  • 47.12 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os10g0521000 34
  • 48.18 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU00943 34
  • 50 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 45 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TREH was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TREH Gene

Gene Tree for TREH (if available)
Gene Tree for TREH (if available)

Paralogs for TREH Gene Pseudogenes for TREH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TREH: view

No data available for Paralogs for TREH Gene

Variants for TREH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TREH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1063496 -- 118,657,906(+) CTTAA(C/T)ACTAA nc-transcript-variant, downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime
rs10719391 -- 118,676,721(+) AAAAT(-/G)CTCAC intron-variant
rs10719392 -- 118,676,736(+) GCACT(-/G)CCAGC intron-variant
rs10719393 -- 118,676,762(+) AGATT(-/G)CTGTC intron-variant
rs10719394 -- 118,676,863(+) TCCAA(-/G)GAGCT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TREH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv234e214 CNV gain 21293372
esv2674547 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2745124 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv832283 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for TREH Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 6.88; 79.50% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TREH Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TREH Gene

Disorders for TREH Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for TREH Gene - From: OMIM, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
trehalase deficiency
  • trehalose intolerance
  • vulvo-vaginitis
lactose intolerance
  • lm - lactose malabsorption
swine influenza
  • influenza due to influenza a virus subtype h1n1
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TREH in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Note=Deficiency of TREH results in isolated trehalose intolerance that causes gastrointestinal symptoms after ingestion of edible mushrooms.

Relevant External Links for TREH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TREH: view

No data available for Genatlas for TREH Gene

Publications for TREH Gene

  1. Molecular cloning, sequencing and expression of cDNA encoding human trehalase. (PMID: 9427547) Ishihara R. … Kobayashi Y. (Gene 1997) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Human trehalase: characterization, localization, and its increase in urine by renal proximal tubular damage. (PMID: 8773341) Sasai-Takedatsu M. … Kobayashi Y. (Nephron 1996) 3 4 22 64
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 46 64
  4. Human trehalase is a stress responsive protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (PMID: 19126402) Ouyang Y. … Xu Z. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2009) 3 22 64
  5. Association between RTEL1, PHLDB1, and TREH Polymorphisms and Glioblastoma Risk: A Case-Control Study. (PMID: 26156397) Yang B. … Li S. (Med. Sci. Monit. 2015) 3 64

Products for TREH Gene

Sources for TREH Gene

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