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Aliases for TRAV19 Gene

Aliases for TRAV19 Gene

  • T Cell Receptor Alpha Variable 19 2 3 5
  • TCRAV12S1 3
  • TCRAV19S1 3

External Ids for TRAV19 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TRAV19 Gene

  • GC14U990301
  • GC14P020466
  • GC14P020467
  • GC14P021545
  • GC14P022476
  • GC14P022478
  • GC14P022588
  • GC14P022714
  • GC14P022822

Summaries for TRAV19 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TRAV19 Gene

  • T cell receptors recognize foreign antigens which have been processed as small peptides and bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules at the surface of antigen presenting cells (APC). Each T cell receptor is a dimer consisting of one alpha and one beta chain or one delta and one gamma chain. In a single cell, the T cell receptor loci are rearranged and expressed in the order delta, gamma, beta, and alpha. If both delta and gamma rearrangements produce functional chains, the cell expresses delta and gamma. If not, the cell proceeds to rearrange the beta and alpha loci. This region represents the germline organization of the T cell receptor alpha and delta loci. Both the alpha and delta loci include V (variable), J (joining), and C (constant) segments and the delta locus also includes diversity (D) segments. The delta locus is situated within the alpha locus, between the alpha V and J segments. During T cell development, the delta chain is synthesized by a recombination event at the DNA level joining a D segment with a J segment; a V segment is then joined to the D-J gene. The alpha chain is synthesized by recombination joining a single V segment with a J segment. For both chains, the C segment is later joined by splicing at the RNA level. Recombination of many different V segments with several J segments provides a wide range of antigen recognition. Additional diversity is attained by junctional diversity, resulting from the random additional of nucleotides by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase. Five variable segments can be used in either alpha or delta chains and are described by TRAV/DV symbols. Several V and J segments of the alpha locus are known to be incapable of encoding a protein and are considered pseudogenes. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]

GeneCards Summary for TRAV19 Gene

TRAV19 (T Cell Receptor Alpha Variable 19) is a Protein Coding gene. An important paralog of this gene is TRAV14DV4.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TRAV19 Gene

Genomics for TRAV19 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TRAV19 Gene

Enhancers for TRAV19 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH14F022007 0.2 ENCODE 10.9 +0.2 225 1.3 ZNF335 SMAD5 ZNF133 MLLT1 PRDM10 TRAV19 LOC100419912
GH14F021974 1.1 ENCODE 9.9 -32.7 -32692 0.9 ZNF366 TRAV19 TRAV8-6 TRAV12-3
GH14F021978 0.6 ENCODE 9.5 -29.1 -29137 0.2 ZNF263 CTCF ZNF654 ZNF143 TRIM22 RAD21 TRAV19 TRAV8-6 TRAV12-3
GH14F021979 0.7 Ensembl 9.5 -28.7 -28712 0.4 TRAV19 TRAV8-6 TRAV16
GH14F021917 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE 9 -88.8 -88808 2.8 ELF3 RAD21 RFX5 SCRT2 ZNF143 FOS RCOR1 THAP11 MIXL1 ZNF654 TRAV19 TRAV13-2 TRAV14DV4
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TRAV19 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TRAV19 Gene

22,007,512 bp from pter
22,008,181 bp from pter
670 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TRAV19 Gene

Genes around TRAV19 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TRAV19 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TRAV19 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TRAV19 Gene

Proteins for TRAV19 Gene

  • Protein details for TRAV19 Gene (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein TRAV19
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for TRAV19 Gene

    116 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    13195 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for TRAV19 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TRAV19 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for TRAV19 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TRAV19 Gene

Domains & Families for TRAV19 Gene

Gene Families for TRAV19 Gene

Protein Domains for TRAV19 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TRAV19: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRAV19 Gene

Function for TRAV19 Gene

Animal Model Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TRAV19 Gene

Localization for TRAV19 Gene

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TRAV19 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TRAV19 Gene

SuperPathways for TRAV19 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TRAV19 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TRAV19 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TRAV19 Gene

Transcripts for TRAV19 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TRAV19 Gene

(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TRAV19 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TRAV19 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TRAV19 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for TRAV19 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TRAV19 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x23.7) and Spleen (x5.5).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TRAV19 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TRAV19: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TRAV19 Gene

Orthologs for TRAV19 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for TRAV19 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 65 (a)
-- 35
  • 63 (a)
-- 35
  • 63 (a)
-- 35
  • 60 (a)
-- 35
  • 58 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Trav16 35
  • 62 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 47 (a)
-- 35
  • 47 (a)
-- 35
  • 46 (a)
-- 35
  • 46 (a)
-- 35
  • 45 (a)
-- 35
  • 45 (a)
-- 35
  • 43 (a)
-- 35
  • 43 (a)
-- 35
  • 34 (a)
-- 35
  • 28 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 32 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TRAV19 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for TRAV19 Gene

Gene Tree for TRAV19 (if available)
Gene Tree for TRAV19 (if available)

Paralogs for TRAV19 Gene

Paralogs for TRAV19 Gene Pseudogenes for TRAV19 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TRAV19: view

Variants for TRAV19 Gene

Relevant External Links for TRAV19 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Variation tolerance for TRAV19 Gene

Disorders for TRAV19 Gene

No disorders were found for TRAV19 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Genatlas and External Links for TRAV19 Gene

Publications for TRAV19 Gene

  1. The human T-cell receptor TCRAC/TCRDC (C alpha/C delta) region: organization, sequence, and evolution of 97.6 kb of DNA. (PMID: 8188290) Koop B.F. … Hood L. (Genomics 1994) 2 3 64
  2. A genome-wide association study of recipient genotype and medium-term kidney allograft function. (PMID: 23432519) O'Brien R.P. … Conlon P.J. (Clin Transplant 2013) 3 64

Products for TRAV19 Gene

Sources for TRAV19 Gene

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