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Aliases for TRAJ31 Gene

Aliases for TRAJ31 Gene

  • T Cell Receptor Alpha Joining 31 2 3 5

External Ids for TRAJ31 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TRAJ31 Gene

  • GC14U990360
  • GC14P020970
  • GC14P022050
  • GC14P023038
  • GC14P023102
  • GC14P023162
  • GC14P023214
  • GC14P023275
  • GC14P023343
  • GC14P023416
  • GC14P023508
  • GC14P023600
  • GC14P023737
  • GC14P022515
  • GC14P022622
  • GC14P022687
  • GC14P022780

Summaries for TRAJ31 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TRAJ31 Gene

  • T cell receptors recognize foreign antigens which have been processed as small peptides and bound to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules at the surface of antigen presenting cells (APC). Each T cell receptor is a dimer consisting of one alpha and one beta chain or one delta and one gamma chain. In a single cell, the T cell receptor loci are rearranged and expressed in the order delta, gamma, beta, and alpha. If both delta and gamma rearrangements produce functional chains, the cell expresses delta and gamma. If not, the cell proceeds to rearrange the beta and alpha loci. This region represents the germline organization of the T cell receptor alpha and delta loci. Both the alpha and delta loci include V (variable), J (joining), and C (constant) segments and the delta locus also includes diversity (D) segments. The delta locus is situated within the alpha locus, between the alpha V and J segments. During T cell development, the delta chain is synthesized by a recombination event at the DNA level joining a D segment with a J segment; a V segment is then joined to the D-J gene. The alpha chain is synthesized by recombination joining a single V segment with a J segment. For both chains, the C segment is later joined by splicing at the RNA level. Recombination of many different V segments with several J segments provides a wide range of antigen recognition. Additional diversity is attained by junctional diversity, resulting from the random additional of nucleotides by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase. Five variable segments can be used in either alpha or delta chains and are described by TRAV/DV symbols. Several V and J segments of the alpha locus are known to be incapable of encoding a protein and are considered pseudogenes. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]

GeneCards Summary for TRAJ31 Gene

TRAJ31 (T Cell Receptor Alpha Joining 31) is a Protein Coding gene.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TRAJ31 Gene

Genomics for TRAJ31 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TRAJ31 Gene

Promoters for TRAJ31 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000415160 -868 201 TBP PKNOX1 KLF17 SCRT2 ETV6 CREM PAF1 KLF11 MXD4 JUNB

Genomic Location for TRAJ31 Gene

22,510,968 bp from pter
22,511,024 bp from pter
57 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TRAJ31 Gene

Genes around TRAJ31 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TRAJ31 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TRAJ31 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TRAJ31 Gene

Proteins for TRAJ31 Gene

  • Protein details for TRAJ31 Gene (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein TRAJ31
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for TRAJ31 Gene

    19 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    2086 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for TRAJ31 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TRAJ31 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for TRAJ31 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TRAJ31 Gene

Domains & Families for TRAJ31 Gene

Gene Families for TRAJ31 Gene

Protein Domains for TRAJ31 Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TRAJ31: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TRAJ31 Gene

Function for TRAJ31 Gene

Animal Model Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TRAJ31 Gene

Localization for TRAJ31 Gene

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TRAJ31 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TRAJ31 Gene

SuperPathways for TRAJ31 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TRAJ31 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TRAJ31 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TRAJ31 Gene

Transcripts for TRAJ31 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TRAJ31 Gene

(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TRAJ31 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TRAJ31 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TRAJ31 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TRAJ31 Gene:

No Expression Related Data Available

No data available for mRNA expression in normal human tissues , mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TRAJ31 Gene

Orthologs for TRAJ31 Gene

Evolution for TRAJ31 Gene

Gene Tree for TRAJ31 (if available)
Gene Tree for TRAJ31 (if available)

No data available for Orthologs for TRAJ31 Gene

Paralogs for TRAJ31 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TRAJ31 Gene

Variants for TRAJ31 Gene

Relevant External Links for TRAJ31 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Variation tolerance for TRAJ31 Gene

Disorders for TRAJ31 Gene

No disorders were found for TRAJ31 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Genatlas and External Links for TRAJ31 Gene

Publications for TRAJ31 Gene

  1. The human T-cell receptor TCRAC/TCRDC (C alpha/C delta) region: organization, sequence, and evolution of 97.6 kb of DNA. (PMID: 8188290) Koop B.F. … Hood L. (Genomics 1994) 2 3 64
  2. A common mechanism of chromosomal translocation in T- and B-cell neoplasia. (PMID: 3490692) Finger L.R. … Croce C.M. (Science 1986) 2 3 64

Products for TRAJ31 Gene

Sources for TRAJ31 Gene

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