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Aliases for TOR1A Gene

Aliases for TOR1A Gene

  • Torsin Family 1, Member A (Torsin A) 2 3
  • Dystonia 1, Torsion (Autosomal Dominant; Torsin A) 2 3
  • Torsin Family 1 Member A 3 4
  • Dystonia 1 Protein 3 4
  • Torsin ATPase-1A 3 4
  • DYT1 3 4
  • DQ2 3 4
  • Torsin ATPase 1 3
  • EC 3.6.4.- 4
  • TORA 4
  • TA 4

External Ids for TOR1A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TOR1A Gene

  • DYT1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TOR1A Gene

  • GC09M129655
  • GC09M131615
  • GC09M132575
  • GC09M102174

Summaries for TOR1A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TOR1A Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the AAA family of adenosine triphosphatases (ATPases), is related to the Clp protease/heat shock family and is expressed prominently in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Mutations in this gene result in the autosomal dominant disorder, torsion dystonia 1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for TOR1A Gene

TOR1A (Torsin Family 1, Member A (Torsin A)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TOR1A include dystonia 1 and early-onset generalized limb-onset dystonia. Among its related pathways are Alpha-synuclein signaling and Cytoskeletal Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include ATPase activity and cytoskeletal protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is TOR2A.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOR1A Gene

  • Protein with chaperone functions important for the control of protein folding, processing, stability and localization as well as for the reduction of misfolded protein aggregates. Involved in the regulation of synaptic vesicle recycling, controls STON2 protein stability in collaboration with the COP9 signalosome complex (CSN). In the nucleus, may link the cytoskeleton with the nuclear envelope, this mechanism seems to be crucial for the control of nuclear polarity, cell movement and, specifically in neurons, nuclear envelope integrity. Participates in the cellular trafficking and may regulate the subcellular location of multipass membrane proteins such as the dopamine transporter SLC6A3, leading to the modulation of dopamine neurotransmission. In the endoplasmic reticulum, plays a role in the quality control of protein folding by increasing clearance of misfolded proteins such as SGCE variants or holding them in an intermediate state for proper refolding. May have a redundant function with TOR1B in non-neural tissues.

Gene Wiki entry for TOR1A Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TOR1A Gene

Genomics for TOR1A Gene

Regulatory Elements for TOR1A Gene

Genomic Location for TOR1A Gene

Chromosome:
9
Start:
129,812,942 bp from pter
End:
129,824,245 bp from pter
Size:
11,304 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TOR1A Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TOR1A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TOR1A Gene

Proteins for TOR1A Gene

  • Protein details for TOR1A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O14656-TOR1A_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Torsin-1A
    Protein Accession:
    O14656
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RB58
    • Q53Y64
    • Q96CA0

    Protein attributes for TOR1A Gene

    Size:
    332 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37809 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homohexamer. Interacts with TOR1B; the interaction may be specific of neural tissues. Interacts (ATP-bound) with TOR1AIP1 and TOR1AIP2; the interactions induce ATPase activity. Interacts with KLHL14; preferentially when ATP-free. Interacts with KLC1 (via TPR repeats); the interaction associates TOR1A with the kinesin oligomeric complex. Interacts with COPS4; the interaction associates TOR1A with the CSN complex. Interacts with SNAPIN; the interaction is direct and associates SNAPIN with the CSN complex. Interacts with STON2. Interacts (ATP-bound) with SYNE3 (via KASH domain); the interaction is required for SYNE3 nuclear envelope localization. Interacts with VIM; the interaction associates TOR1A with the cytoskeleton. Interacts with PLEC. Interacts (ATP-bound) with SLC6A3; regulates SLC6A3 transport to the plasma membrane.

    Alternative splice isoforms for TOR1A Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TOR1A Gene

Proteomics data for TOR1A Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TOR1A Gene

Other Protein References for TOR1A Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TOR1A (Tor1a)
  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for TOR1A

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TOR1A Gene

Domains & Families for TOR1A Gene

Protein Domains for TOR1A Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TOR1A Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O14656

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TOR1A_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the ClpA/ClpB family. Torsin subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the ClpA/ClpB family. Torsin subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TOR1A: view

No data available for Gene Families for TOR1A Gene

Function for TOR1A Gene

Molecular function for TOR1A Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
torsin 1A ATP binding protein,homolog to TOR1B,expressed in adult brain substantia nigra,hippocampus,frontal cortex,homolog to heat shock proteins and C1p proteases
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Protein with chaperone functions important for the control of protein folding, processing, stability and localization as well as for the reduction of misfolded protein aggregates. Involved in the regulation of synaptic vesicle recycling, controls STON2 protein stability in collaboration with the COP9 signalosome complex (CSN). In the nucleus, may link the cytoskeleton with the nuclear envelope, this mechanism seems to be crucial for the control of nuclear polarity, cell movement and, specifically in neurons, nuclear envelope integrity. Participates in the cellular trafficking and may regulate the subcellular location of multipass membrane proteins such as the dopamine transporter SLC6A3, leading to the modulation of dopamine neurotransmission. In the endoplasmic reticulum, plays a role in the quality control of protein folding by increasing clearance of misfolded proteins such as SGCE variants or holding them in an intermediate state for proper refolding. May have a redundant function with TOR1B in non-neural tissues.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TOR1A Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TOR1A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15147511
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0008092 cytoskeletal protein binding IPI 16361107
GO:0016887 ATPase activity IDA 23569223
GO:0019894 kinesin binding IPI 14970196
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOR1A: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TOR1A: view

Animal Models for TOR1A Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TOR1A:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TOR1A

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TOR1A Gene

Localization for TOR1A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOR1A Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Nucleus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell projection, growth cone. Cytoplasmic vesicle membrane. Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle. Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle, synaptic vesicle. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Upon oxidative stress, redistributes to protusions from the cell surface (By similarity). Peripherally associated with the inner face of the ER membrane, probably mediated by the interaction with TOR1AIP1. The association with nucleus membrane is mediated by the interaction with TOR1AIP2. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TOR1A Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TOR1A gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
endoplasmic reticulum 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TOR1A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus --
GO:0005635 nuclear envelope ISS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm --
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA 12671990
GO:0005788 endoplasmic reticulum lumen IDA 17037984
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOR1A: view

Pathways & Interactions for TOR1A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TOR1A: view

Pathways by source for TOR1A Gene

2 Cell Signaling Technology pathways for TOR1A Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for TOR1A Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TOR1A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000338 protein deneddylation IMP 21102408
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress IEA --
GO:0006996 organelle organization ISS --
GO:0006998 nuclear envelope organization ISS --
GO:0007155 cell adhesion IMP 16361107
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOR1A: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TOR1A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TOR1A Gene

(2) Drugs for TOR1A Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Dopamine Approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 2814
tyrosine Nutra 547

(2) Additional Compounds for TOR1A Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
glutamate
gtp
Partial agonist, Agonist
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TOR1A: view

Transcripts for TOR1A Gene

Unigene Clusters for TOR1A Gene

Torsin family 1, member A (torsin A):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TOR1A

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TOR1A Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP4: - -
SP5:
SP6:

Relevant External Links for TOR1A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TOR1A
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TOR1A

Expression for TOR1A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TOR1A Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TOR1A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (13.3) and Bone (12.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TOR1A Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TOR1A Gene Hs.534312

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TOR1A Gene

O14656-TOR1A_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed. Highest levels in kidney and liver. In the brain, high levels found in the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta, as well as in the neocortex, hippocampus and cerebellum. Also highly expressed in the spinal cord.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TOR1A: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TOR1A Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for TOR1A Gene

Orthologs for TOR1A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TOR1A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TOR1A 35
  • 90.28 (n)
  • 94.23 (a)
TOR1A 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TOR1A 35
  • 91.03 (n)
  • 93.91 (a)
TOR1A 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tor1a 35
  • 86.14 (n)
  • 90.96 (a)
Tor1a 16
Tor1a 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TOR1A 35
  • 99.6 (n)
  • 99.7 (a)
TOR1A 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tor1a 35
  • 86.04 (n)
  • 91.87 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TOR1A 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TOR1A 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TOR1A 35
  • 75.56 (n)
  • 76.07 (a)
TOR1A 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.13379 35
tor1b 35
  • 66.87 (n)
  • 63.8 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.15883 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.16695 35
AL954146.4 36
  • 43 (a)
ManyToMany
tor1 36
  • 56 (a)
ManyToMany
tor1l1 36
  • 47 (a)
ManyToMany
tor1l3 36
  • 45 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009547 35
  • 50.85 (n)
  • 38.04 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Torsin 35
  • 49.26 (n)
  • 35.99 (a)
Torsin 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea ooc-5 36
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
tor-1 36
  • 37 (a)
ManyToMany
tor-2 36
  • 31 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.9286 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7178 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for TOR1A:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TOR1A Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TOR1A (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TOR1A (if available)

Paralogs for TOR1A Gene

Paralogs for TOR1A Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for TOR1A Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TOR1A: view

Variants for TOR1A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TOR1A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1182 -- 129,813,781(+) CCTCG(A/C)CCGTG utr-variant-3-prime, downstream-variant-500B
rs1183 -- 129,813,758(+) TGCGT(C/G)TTCGG utr-variant-3-prime, downstream-variant-500B
rs1045414 -- 129,813,745(-) GAAGG(A/G)AGGAG utr-variant-3-prime, downstream-variant-500B
rs1045440 -- 129,813,581(-) GATTC(C/T)AAGTT utr-variant-3-prime, downstream-variant-500B
rs1045441 -- 129,813,518(+) GATAC(A/T)TCACA utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TOR1A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv893925 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv6729 CNV Insertion 18451855

Variation tolerance for TOR1A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 53.12% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.56; 72.17% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TOR1A Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TOR1A
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TOR1A

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOR1A Gene

Disorders for TOR1A Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(29) MalaCards diseases for TOR1A Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
dystonia 1
  • dystonia 1, torsion, autosomal dominant
early-onset generalized limb-onset dystonia
  • idiopathic torsion dystonia
dystonia-1, torsion
  • dystonia 1, torsion, autosomal dominant
dystonia
  • dystonic disease
torsion dystonia
  • primary torsion dystonia
- elite association
Search TOR1A in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

TOR1A_HUMAN
  • Dystonia 1, torsion, autosomal dominant (DYT1) [MIM:128100]: A primary torsion dystonia, and the most common and severe form. Dystonia is defined by the presence of sustained involuntary muscle contractions, often leading to abnormal postures. Dystonia type 1 is characterized by involuntary, repetitive, sustained muscle contractions or postures involving one or more sites of the body, in the absence of other neurological symptoms. Typically, symptoms develop first in an arm or leg in middle to late childhood and progress in approximately 30% of patients to other body regions (generalized dystonia) within about five years. Torsion refers to the twisting nature of body movements observed in DYT1, often affecting the trunk. Distribution and severity of symptoms vary widely between affected individuals, ranging from mild focal dystonia to severe generalized dystonia, even within families. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18477710, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19955557, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9288096}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for TOR1A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TOR1A
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TOR1A
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TOR1A
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TOR1A: view

No data available for Genatlas for TOR1A Gene

Publications for TOR1A Gene

  1. The TOR1A (DYT1) gene family and its role in early onset torsion dystonia. (PMID: 10644435) Ozelius L.J. … Breakefield X.O. (Genomics 1999) 2 23 67
  2. Chemical enhancement of torsinA function in cell and animal models of torsion dystonia. (PMID: 20223934) Cao S. … Caldwell K.A. (Dis Model Mech 2010) 23 67
  3. TorsinA and DYT1 dystonia: a synaptopathy? (PMID: 20298201) Warner T.T. … Schiavo G. (Biochem. Soc. Trans. 2010) 23 67
  4. Myoclonus-dystonia: clinical and genetic evaluation of a large cohort. (PMID: 19066193) Ritz K. … Tijssen M.A. (J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psych. 2009) 23 67
  5. Genotype-phenotype interactions in primary dystonias revealed by differential changes in brain structure. (PMID: 19344776) Draganski B. … Frackowiak R.S. (Neuroimage 2009) 23 67

Products for TOR1A Gene

Sources for TOR1A Gene

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