Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for TOM1L2 Gene

Aliases for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Target Of Myb1 Like 2 Membrane Trafficking Protein 2 3 5
  • Target Of Myb1 (Chicken) Homolog-Like 1 2
  • Target Of Myb1-Like 2 (Chicken) 2
  • Target Of Myb-Like Protein 2 4

External Ids for TOM1L2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TOM1L2 Gene

  • GC17U990153
  • GC17M017693
  • GC17M017950
  • GC17M017691
  • GC17M017688
  • GC17M017746
  • GC17M017500

Summaries for TOM1L2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TOM1L2 Gene

  • This gene belongs to a small gene family whose members have an N-terminal VHS domain followed by a GAT domain; domains which typically participate in vesicular trafficking. The canonical protein encoded by this gene also has a C-terminal clathrin binding motif. This protein has been shown to interact with Tollip, clathrin and ubiquitin and is thought to play a role in endosomal sorting. This gene resides in the 3.7 Mb deletion of chromosome region 17p11.2 that is associated with Smith-Magenis syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2017]

GeneCards Summary for TOM1L2 Gene

TOM1L2 (Target Of Myb1 Like 2 Membrane Trafficking Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TOM1L2 include Smith-Magenis Syndrome. GO annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and clathrin binding. An important paralog of this gene is TOM1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Probable role in protein transport. May regulate growth factor-induced mitogenic signaling.

Gene Wiki entry for TOM1L2 Gene

Additional gene information for TOM1L2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TOM1L2 Gene

Genomics for TOM1L2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TOM1L2 Gene

Enhancers for TOM1L2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17H017847 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 19.4 +122.8 122811 3 FOXA2 PKNOX1 SIN3A ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF766 ZNF143 SP5 MXD4 ZNF592 TOM1L2 MIR33B RAI1 PEMT RASD1 GC17M017849 PIR50347 PIR36128
GH17H017833 1.9 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 18.8 +134.0 134016 8 MLX ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC MEF2D ZNF610 ENSG00000264885 DRG2 SMCR8 RAI1 TOM1L2 LOC100419436 TOP3A CCDC144B FOXO3B FAM106A
GH17H017956 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.1 +13.8 13813 4 PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 ZNF121 GLIS2 ATF7 KLF7 FOS RUNX3 TOM1L2 ENSG00000197815 LOC100419436 RAI1 DRG2 ENSG00000264885 SMCR8 PIR37368
GH17H017817 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.9 +149.5 149482 10 HDGF PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 ZNF207 TOM1L2 LOC100419436 DRG2 FAM106A ENSG00000264885 ENSG00000197815 FOXO3B ENSG00000265511 CCDC144B SMCR8
GH17H017932 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.9 +36.2 36161 6 ZSCAN5C SCRT2 RCOR1 FOS ATF7 EGR2 CEBPB REST ZEB2 PRDM6 RAI1 ENSG00000197815 TOM1L2 ZNF286B ENSG00000264885 LOC100419436 SREBF1 DRC3 MYO15A ATPAF2
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TOM1L2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TOM1L2 Gene

17,843,508 bp from pter
17,972,470 bp from pter
128,963 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TOM1L2 Gene

Genes around TOM1L2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TOM1L2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TOM1L2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TOM1L2 Gene

Proteins for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Protein details for TOM1L2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    TOM1-like protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7Z2L7
    • B7Z7F4
    • Q86V61
    • Q8TDE7
    • Q96M88

    Protein attributes for TOM1L2 Gene

    507 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    55556 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with clathrin, SRC and TOLLIP.
    • Sequence=AAL78338.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=101, 121, 170; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for TOM1L2 Gene


neXtProt entry for TOM1L2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys101, Lys106, posLast=145145, Lys400, and posLast=462462
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TOM1L2 Gene

Domains & Families for TOM1L2 Gene

Gene Families for TOM1L2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for TOM1L2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The GAT domain mediates interaction with TOLLIP.
  • Belongs to the TOM1 family.
  • The GAT domain mediates interaction with TOLLIP.
  • Belongs to the TOM1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TOM1L2: view

Function for TOM1L2 Gene

Molecular function for TOM1L2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
v-Myb target gene-like 2,retroviral oncogene,involved in transformation of myelomonoctic cells,in the Smith-Magenis critical region
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probable role in protein transport. May regulate growth factor-induced mitogenic signaling.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TOM1L2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TOM1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16412388
GO:0019901 protein kinase binding IPI 16479011
GO:0030276 clathrin binding IDA 16412388
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOM1L2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TOM1L2: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TOM1L2 Gene

Localization for TOM1L2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TOM1L2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 3
cytoskeleton 2
golgi apparatus 2
endosome 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (3)
  • Intermediate filaments (3)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TOM1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOM1L2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOM1L2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TOM1L2 Gene

SuperPathways for TOM1L2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TOM1L2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IDA 16479011
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
GO:0045839 negative regulation of mitotic nuclear division IDA 16479011
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TOM1L2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TOM1L2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TOM1L2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TOM1L2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TOM1L2 Gene

Target of myb1-like 2 (chicken):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TOM1L2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TOM1L2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TOM1L2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TOM1L2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TOM1L2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (15.2), Adrenal (10.2), and Cervix (8.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TOM1L2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TOM1L2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TOM1L2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TOM1L2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TOM1L2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with higher expression in heart and skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TOM1L2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Liver(4.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TOM1L2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TOM1L2 Gene

Orthologs for TOM1L2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TOM1L2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TOM1L2 33 34
  • 99.67 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TOM1L2 34
  • 92 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TOM1L2 33 34
  • 91.72 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TOM1L2 34
  • 89 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tom1l2 33
  • 88.52 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tom1l2 33 16 34
  • 87.64 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TOM1L2 33 34
  • 86.42 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TOM1L2 33 34
  • 79.68 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TOM1L2 34
  • 71 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tom1l2 33
  • 72.87 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.1482 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii TOM1L2 34
  • 72 (a)
LOC100535615 33
  • 70.36 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006097 33
  • 53.67 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG3529 33 34
  • 53.31 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C07A12.7 33 34
  • 55.18 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HSE1 34
  • 13 (a)
GGA2 36
Species where no ortholog for TOM1L2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TOM1L2 Gene

Gene Tree for TOM1L2 (if available)
Gene Tree for TOM1L2 (if available)

Paralogs for TOM1L2 Gene

Paralogs for TOM1L2 Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for TOM1L2 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TOM1L2: view

Variants for TOM1L2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TOM1L2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs386352375 Uncertain significance 17,898,668(-) CCAAA(G/T)GATGC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs1000016495 -- 17,853,739(+) GAGTC(A/G)CTCCT intron-variant
rs1000030337 -- 17,899,858(+) CTTCA(A/C)ATGTG intron-variant
rs1000031462 -- 17,860,009(+) CTGGG(A/C)TCAGA intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant
rs1000038483 -- 17,898,531(+) GTGAG(C/G/T)GGGGC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TOM1L2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3640138 CNV loss 21293372
nsv155 OTHER inversion 15895083
nsv499114 OTHER inversion 21111241
nsv510701 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv522668 CNV loss 19592680
nsv833385 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for TOM1L2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 17.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.64; 13.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TOM1L2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TOM1L2 Gene

Disorders for TOM1L2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for TOM1L2 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
smith-magenis syndrome
  • 17p11.2 microdeletion syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for TOM1L2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TOM1L2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TOM1L2 Gene

Publications for TOM1L2 Gene

  1. Analysis of lipid pathway genes indicates association of sequence variation near SREBF1/TOM1L2/ATPAF2 with dementia risk. (PMID: 20167577) Reynolds CA … Prince JA (Human molecular genetics 2010) 3 45 60
  2. Recruitment of clathrin onto endosomes by the Tom1-Tollip complex. (PMID: 16412388) Katoh Y … Nakayama K (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2006) 3 4 60
  3. The adaptor protein Tom1L1 is a negative regulator of Src mitogenic signaling induced by growth factors. (PMID: 16479011) Franco M … Roche S (Molecular and cellular biology 2006) 3 4 60
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60

Products for TOM1L2 Gene

Sources for TOM1L2 Gene

Loading form....