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Aliases for TNPO3 Gene

Aliases for TNPO3 Gene

  • Transportin 3 2 3 5
  • Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 1F (Autosomal Dominant) 2 3
  • Transportin-SR 3 4
  • Importin 12 2 3
  • TRN-SR 3 4
  • Imp12 3 4
  • IPO12 3 4
  • Transportin-3 3
  • Importin-12 4
  • TRN-SR2 3
  • MTR10A 3
  • LGMD1F 3
  • TRNSR 3

External Ids for TNPO3 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TNPO3 Gene

  • LGMD1F

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TNPO3 Gene

  • GC07M128149
  • GC07M128148
  • GC07M128188
  • GC07M128382
  • GC07M128594
  • GC07M122955

Summaries for TNPO3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TNPO3 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a nuclear import receptor for serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins such as the splicing factors SFRS1 and SFRS2. The encoded protein has also been shown to be involved in HIV-1 infection, apparently through interaction with the HIV-1 capsid protein. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms as well as a noncoding transcript have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TNPO3 Gene

TNPO3 (Transportin 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TNPO3 include Muscular Dystrophy, Limb-Girdle, Type 1F and Primary Biliary Cholangitis. GO annotations related to this gene include binding and receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is IPO13.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO3 Gene

  • Seems to function in nuclear protein import as nuclear transport receptor. In vitro, mediates the nuclear import of splicing factor SR proteins RBM4, SFRS1 and SFRS2, by recognizing phosphorylated RS domains.

Gene Wiki entry for TNPO3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TNPO3 Gene

Genomics for TNPO3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TNPO3 Gene

Enhancers for TNPO3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH07G129122 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 34.8 -67.7 -67653 1.6 TBP PKNOX1 TBL1XR1 WRNIP1 BMI1 YBX1 CBX5 ZNF207 RCOR1 RELB TNPO3 TSPAN33 ENSG00000242162 TPI1P2 ENSG00000243230 AHCYL2 ATP6V1F NRF1 CYCSP20 LOC407835
GH07G129134 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 28.3 -81.2 -81182 3.9 PKNOX1 FOXA2 CBX3 ARNT SIN3A NFXL1 THRB ZBTB40 RARA ZEB1 TNPO3 TPI1P2 TSPAN33 IRF5 LOC407835
GH07G128960 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 19.4 +92.6 92612 3.3 PKNOX1 RELA ZNF664 CTBP1 EGR1 FOS ZNF600 RELB IKZF2 MTA2 IRF5 TNPO3 TPI1P2 ENSG00000242162 ATP6V1F TSPAN33 RN7SL306P ENSG00000275106
GH07G129099 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 23.8 -46.9 -46872 4.4 HDGF HNRNPUL1 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF766 TSPAN33 TNPO3 ENSG00000242162 TPI1P2 ENSG00000243679 ENSG00000230715 ENSG00000243302 RBM28 ENSG00000242588 ATP6V1F
GH07G129957 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 -903.9 -903936 2.5 HNRNPUL1 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 CREB3L1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF766 CBX5 ENSG00000273329 TNPO3 ENSG00000270953 UBE2H NRF1 ENSG00000199516 GC07M129961
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TNPO3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TNPO3 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000217812 373 2401 CREB3L1 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 TBX21

Genomic Location for TNPO3 Gene

128,954,180 bp from pter
129,055,173 bp from pter
100,994 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TNPO3 Gene

Genes around TNPO3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TNPO3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TNPO3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TNPO3 Gene

Proteins for TNPO3 Gene

  • Protein details for TNPO3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D1K9
    • C9IZM0
    • Q6NUM1
    • Q96G71
    • Q96GU9
    • Q9Y3R2

    Protein attributes for TNPO3 Gene

    923 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    104203 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with phosphorylated SFRS1 and SFRS2. Interacts with NUP62 and RBM4.
    • Sequence=AAD38537.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=920; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TNPO3 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TNPO3 Gene


neXtProt entry for TNPO3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TNPO3 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys628
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TNPO3 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TNPO3 Gene

Domains & Families for TNPO3 Gene

Gene Families for TNPO3 Gene

Protein Domains for TNPO3 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TNPO3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TNPO3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO3 Gene

Function for TNPO3 Gene

Molecular function for TNPO3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Seems to function in nuclear protein import as nuclear transport receptor. In vitro, mediates the nuclear import of splicing factor SR proteins RBM4, SFRS1 and SFRS2, by recognizing phosphorylated RS domains.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TNPO3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004872 receptor activity TAS 10366588
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12628928
GO:0008139 nuclear localization sequence binding IBA --
GO:0008565 protein transporter activity IBA --
GO:0042802 identical protein binding IPI 22872640
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNPO3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TNPO3: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TNPO3 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

miRNA for TNPO3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TNPO3

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TNPO3 Gene

Localization for TNPO3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO3 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TNPO3 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TNPO3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IBA --
GO:0031965 nuclear membrane IBA --
GO:0043231 intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNPO3: view

Pathways & Interactions for TNPO3 Gene

SuperPathways for TNPO3 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TNPO3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0015031 protein transport IEA --
GO:0035048 splicing factor protein import into nucleus IDA 12628928
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNPO3: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TNPO3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TNPO3 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TNPO3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TNPO3 Gene

Transportin 3:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TNPO3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^
SP1: -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - - -

ExUns: 23 ^ 24 ^ 25
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for TNPO3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TNPO3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TNPO3 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TNPO3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (50.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TNPO3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TNPO3 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TNPO3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TNPO3 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TNPO3 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in skeletal muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TNPO3 Gene

  • Intestine(4.5)
  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Liver(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TNPO3 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • digestive
  • immune
  • lymphatic
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • clavicle
  • scapula
  • biliary tract
  • liver
  • spleen
  • pelvis
  • arm
  • forearm
  • humerus
  • lower limb
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • upper limb
  • blood
  • coagulation system
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TNPO3: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for TNPO3 Gene

Orthologs for TNPO3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TNPO3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TNPO3 34 35
  • 99.71 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TNPO3 35
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TNPO3 34 35
  • 94.9 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TNPO3 34 35
  • 94.66 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TNPO3 35
  • 93 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tnpo3 34
  • 90.9 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tnpo3 34 16 35
  • 90.79 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TNPO3 34 35
  • 77.27 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TNPO3 35
  • 89 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tnpo3 34
  • 76.25 (n)
Str.15240 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.29508 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tnpo3 34 35
  • 73.06 (n)
zgc55409 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.6715 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP003576 34
  • 50.83 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Trn-SR 34 35
  • 50.62 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea tsr-1 35 34
  • 43.91 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes MTR10 34 35 37
  • 40.93 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AAR115C 34
  • 39.59 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0A02321g 34
  • 39.02 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G62600 34
  • 40.77 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os10g0477800 34
  • 42.33 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10940 35
  • 47 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06355 34
  • 41.85 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes mtr10 34
  • 40.98 (n)
Species where no ortholog for TNPO3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TNPO3 Gene

Gene Tree for TNPO3 (if available)
Gene Tree for TNPO3 (if available)

Paralogs for TNPO3 Gene

Paralogs for TNPO3 Gene Pseudogenes for TNPO3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TNPO3: view

Variants for TNPO3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TNPO3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs587777431 Pathogenic, Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1F (LGMD1F) [MIM:608423] 128,970,293(+) CTTTC(C/G/T)GTAAT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs587777430 Pathogenic 128,957,256(+) TGAGC(-/T)ATCGA nc-transcript-variant, reference, frameshift-variant
rs773574448 Likely pathogenic 128,970,204(+) GGTAT(-/A)GGGGG nc-transcript-variant, reference, frameshift-variant
rs140709222 Uncertain significance 129,001,074(+) CTTCA(C/T)GTGCC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs140754153 Uncertain significance 129,017,960(+) ACCTG(C/T)GTTAC nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TNPO3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2670312 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2735137 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2761368 CNV gain 21179565
esv3572135 CNV loss 25503493
nsv1025216 CNV loss 25217958
nsv507416 OTHER sequence alteration 20534489
nsv831125 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for TNPO3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 2.57% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.16; 23.44% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TNPO3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO3 Gene

Disorders for TNPO3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(19) MalaCards diseases for TNPO3 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1f
  • autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1f
primary biliary cholangitis
  • familial primary biliary cirrhosis
autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
  • limb-girdle muscular dystrophies, autosomal dominant
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, type 1g
  • autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1g
muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1h
  • autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1h
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TNPO3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1F (LGMD1F) [MIM:608423]: An autosomal dominant myopathy characterized by proximal muscle weakness primarily affecting the lower limbs, but also affecting the upper limbs in most patients. Affected individuals also have distal muscle weakness of the hands and lower leg muscles. The disease has generally a benign clinical course but some individuals with childhood or juvenile onset manifest severe widespread myopathy, leading to wheelchair dependency and respiratory insufficiency. Muscle biopsy shows dystrophic changes with abnormal nuclei, rimmed vacuoles, and filamentous inclusions. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23667635}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for TNPO3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TNPO3: view

No data available for Genatlas for TNPO3 Gene

Publications for TNPO3 Gene

  1. A human importin-beta family protein, transportin-SR2, interacts with the phosphorylated RS domain of SR proteins. (PMID: 10713112) Lai M.-C. … Tarn W.-Y. (J. Biol. Chem. 2000) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Transportin-SR, a nuclear import receptor for SR proteins. (PMID: 10366588) Kataoka N. … Dreyfuss G. (J. Cell Biol. 1999) 2 3 4 22 64
  3. Next-generation sequencing identifies transportin 3 as the causative gene for LGMD1F. (PMID: 23667635) Torella A. … Nigro V. (PLoS ONE 2013) 2 3 4 64
  4. Association of a functional polymorphism in the IRF5 region with systemic sclerosis in a Japanese population. (PMID: 19479858) Ito I. … Tsuchiya N. (Arthritis Rheum. 2009) 3 22 46 64
  5. Transportin-SR2 mediates nuclear import of phosphorylated SR proteins. (PMID: 11517331) Lai M.-C. … Tarn W.-Y. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2001) 3 4 22 64

Products for TNPO3 Gene

Sources for TNPO3 Gene

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