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Aliases for TNPO1 Gene

Aliases for TNPO1 Gene

  • Transportin 1 2 3 5
  • Karyopherin (Importin) Beta 2 2 3
  • M9 Region Interaction Protein 3 4
  • Karyopherin Beta-2 3 4
  • Importin 2 2 3
  • KPNB2 3 4
  • MIP1 3 4
  • MIP 3 4
  • TRN 3 4
  • Importin Beta 2 3
  • Importin Beta-2 4
  • Transportin-1 3
  • IPO2 3

External Ids for TNPO1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TNPO1 Gene

  • KPNB2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TNPO1 Gene

  • GC05P072196
  • GC05P072148
  • GC05P067317

Summaries for TNPO1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TNPO1 Gene

  • This gene encodes the beta subunit of the karyopherin receptor complex which interacts with nuclear localization signals to target nuclear proteins to the nucleus. The karyopherin receptor complex is a heterodimer of an alpha subunit which recognizes the nuclear localization signal and a beta subunit which docks the complex at nucleoporins. Alternate splicing of this gene results in two transcript variants encoding different proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for TNPO1 Gene

TNPO1 (Transportin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TNPO1 include Hiv-1 and Dementia, Frontotemporal. Among its related pathways are Development_TGF-beta receptor signaling and CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and Ran GTPase binding. An important paralog of this gene is TNPO2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO1 Gene

  • Functions in nuclear protein import as nuclear transport receptor. Serves as receptor for nuclear localization signals (NLS) in cargo substrates (PubMed:24753571). Is thought to mediate docking of the importin/substrate complex to the nuclear pore complex (NPC) through binding to nucleoporin and the complex is subsequently translocated through the pore by an energy requiring, Ran-dependent mechanism. At the nucleoplasmic side of the NPC, Ran binds to the importin, the importin/substrate complex dissociates and importin is re-exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm where GTP hydrolysis releases Ran. The directionality of nuclear import is thought to be conferred by an asymmetric distribution of the GTP- and GDP-bound forms of Ran between the cytoplasm and nucleus (By similarity). Involved in nuclear import of M9-containing proteins. In vitro, binds directly to the M9 region of the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNP), A1 and A2 and mediates their nuclear import. Appears also to be involved in hnRNP A1/A2 nuclear export. Mediates the nuclear import of ribosomal proteins RPL23A, RPS7 and RPL5. Binds to a beta-like import receptor binding (BIB) domain of RPL23A. In vitro, mediates nuclear import of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 histones, and SRP19 (By similarity). In case of HIV-1 infection, binds and mediates the nuclear import of HIV-1 Rev. Mediates nuclear import of ADAR/ADAR1 isoform 1 and isoform 5 in a RanGTP-dependent manner (PubMed:19124606, PubMed:24753571).

Gene Wiki entry for TNPO1 Gene

Additional gene information for TNPO1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TNPO1 Gene

Genomics for TNPO1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TNPO1 Gene

Enhancers for TNPO1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH05H072840 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 +26.6 26593 4 TBP PKNOX1 ATF1 BRCA1 RAD21 GTF3C2 ELK1 ZNF366 SCRT2 ZNF416 FCHO2 ENSG00000249085 TNPO1 UTP15 ANKRA2 ARHGEF28 GC05P072869
GH05H072106 1.6 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 21.4 -707.3 -707264 5 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A CBX5 SP3 SP5 REST ZFP41 ZNF610 GLIS1 BDP1 TNPO1 FCHO2 LOC653406 GUSBP9 RPL7P22 PTCD2 MAP1B LOC105379028 GC05P072152
GH05H072319 1.1 ENCODE 20.6 -495.9 -495944 2 FOXA2 PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 FCHO2 TNPO1 BDP1 RPL7P22 MRPS27 PTCD2
GH05H072555 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.8 -259.1 -259092 3 CTCF NFIA RNF2 MAX ZIC2 ZGPAT POLR2A EED ZBTB33 RUNX3 TNPO1 ENSG00000249085 ZNF366 MAP1B LOC102503427 GC05P072582
GH05H072586 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.5 -228.6 -228639 1 HDAC1 ATF1 ZBTB40 ZNF766 GATA2 EGR1 USF2 ELF1 ZNF592 MEF2D ANKRA2 TNPO1 UTP15 FCHO2 MAP1B GC05M072590 GC05P072582
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TNPO1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TNPO1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000182312 788 3001 MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 FOS SP5 JUNB REST

Genomic Location for TNPO1 Gene

Chromosome:
5
Start:
72,816,312 bp from pter
End:
72,916,733 bp from pter
Size:
100,422 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for TNPO1 Gene

Genes around TNPO1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TNPO1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TNPO1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TNPO1 Gene

Proteins for TNPO1 Gene

  • Protein details for TNPO1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q92973-TNPO1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Transportin-1
    Protein Accession:
    Q92973
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DVC6
    • Q92957
    • Q92975

    Protein attributes for TNPO1 Gene

    Size:
    898 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    102355 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds HNRPA1, HNRPA2, HNRNPDL, RPL23A, RPS7, RPL5, RAN and SRP19. Interacts with H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 histones (By similarity). Binds to HIV-1 Rev. Interacts with isoform 1 and isoform 5 of ADAR/ADAR1 (via DRBM 3 domain) (PubMed:19124606, PubMed:24753571). Interacts with SNAI1 (via zinc fingers); the interaction mediates SNAI1 nuclear import (PubMed:19386897). Interacts with SNAI2 (via zinc fingers) (PubMed:19386897).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC50723.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH40340.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TNPO1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TNPO1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TNPO1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TNPO1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=8585, posLast=192192, and posLast=863863
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TNPO1 Gene

Domains & Families for TNPO1 Gene

Gene Families for TNPO1 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transporters

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TNPO1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q92973

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TNPO1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the importin beta family. Importin beta-2 subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the importin beta family. Importin beta-2 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TNPO1: view

Function for TNPO1 Gene

Molecular function for TNPO1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Functions in nuclear protein import as nuclear transport receptor. Serves as receptor for nuclear localization signals (NLS) in cargo substrates (PubMed:24753571). Is thought to mediate docking of the importin/substrate complex to the nuclear pore complex (NPC) through binding to nucleoporin and the complex is subsequently translocated through the pore by an energy requiring, Ran-dependent mechanism. At the nucleoplasmic side of the NPC, Ran binds to the importin, the importin/substrate complex dissociates and importin is re-exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm where GTP hydrolysis releases Ran. The directionality of nuclear import is thought to be conferred by an asymmetric distribution of the GTP- and GDP-bound forms of Ran between the cytoplasm and nucleus (By similarity). Involved in nuclear import of M9-containing proteins. In vitro, binds directly to the M9 region of the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNP), A1 and A2 and mediates their nuclear import. Appears also to be involved in hnRNP A1/A2 nuclear export. Mediates the nuclear import of ribosomal proteins RPL23A, RPS7 and RPL5. Binds to a beta-like import receptor binding (BIB) domain of RPL23A. In vitro, mediates nuclear import of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 histones, and SRP19 (By similarity). In case of HIV-1 infection, binds and mediates the nuclear import of HIV-1 Rev. Mediates nuclear import of ADAR/ADAR1 isoform 1 and isoform 5 in a RanGTP-dependent manner (PubMed:19124606, PubMed:24753571).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TNPO1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TNPO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IDA 22658674
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10668806
GO:0008139 nuclear localization sequence binding TAS 8808633
GO:0008536 Ran GTPase binding IEA --
GO:0008565 protein transporter activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNPO1: view

Phenotypes for TNPO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TNPO1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TNPO1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TNPO1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for TNPO1
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for TNPO1
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TNPO1 Gene

Localization for TNPO1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TNPO1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytoplasmic bodies (3)
  • Cytosol (3)
  • Nucleoplasm (3)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TNPO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus TAS 9144189
GO:0005737 cytoplasm TAS 9144189
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005929 cilium TAS --
GO:0031965 nuclear membrane IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNPO1: view

Pathways & Interactions for TNPO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TNPO1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TNPO1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000060 protein import into nucleus, translocation TAS 9144189
GO:0006607 NLS-bearing protein import into nucleus IBA --
GO:0006610 ribosomal protein import into nucleus IBA --
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNPO1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TNPO1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TNPO1 Gene

(2) Drugs for TNPO1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(3) Additional Compounds for TNPO1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TNPO1: view

Transcripts for TNPO1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TNPO1 Gene

Transportin 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for TNPO1
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for TNPO1
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TNPO1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TNPO1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TNPO1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TNPO1

Expression for TNPO1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TNPO1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TNPO1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (52.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TNPO1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for TNPO1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TNPO1 Gene:

TNPO1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TNPO1 Gene:

Hs.482497

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TNPO1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Liver(4.4)
  • Spleen(4.3)
  • Kidney(3.4)
  • Pancreas(2.7)
  • Eye(2.3)
  • Lung(2.2)
  • Skin(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TNPO1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TNPO1 Gene

Orthologs for TNPO1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TNPO1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TNPO1 33 34
  • 99.81 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TNPO1 34
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TNPO1 33 34
  • 95.36 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TNPO1 33 34
  • 95.19 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tnpo1 33 16 34
  • 90.79 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tnpo1 33
  • 90.56 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TNPO1 34
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TNPO1 33 34
  • 86.98 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TNPO1 34
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tnpo1 33
  • 83.26 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.1493 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii TNPO1 (2 of 2) 34
  • 80 (a)
OneToMany
tnpo1 33 34
  • 77.94 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Trn 33 34
  • 66.03 (n)
CG8219 34
  • 60 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005892 33
  • 65.2 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea imb-2 33 34
  • 55.25 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes KAP104 34 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons TRN1 33
  • 52.51 (n)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os04g0691500 33
  • 53.06 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.5618 34
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes kap104 33
  • 52.71 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU03690 33
  • 48.21 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.9387 33
Species where no ortholog for TNPO1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TNPO1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TNPO1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TNPO1 (if available)

Paralogs for TNPO1 Gene

Paralogs for TNPO1 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for TNPO1 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for TNPO1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TNPO1: view

Variants for TNPO1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TNPO1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000015732 -- 72,853,444(+) AAAAA(A/C)ACACA intron-variant
rs1000025311 -- 72,816,723(+) GAGCG(C/T)CCGAG utr-variant-5-prime
rs1000026623 -- 72,895,834(+) TATCT(A/T)TGATG intron-variant
rs1000063573 -- 72,876,601(+) TAAGA(A/C)ATATA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000088832 -- 72,853,188(+) GCTCA(C/T)GCCTG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TNPO1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2730296 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2730297 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv525479 CNV loss 19592680
nsv830343 CNV loss 17160897
nsv950089 CNV duplication 24416366
nsv968208 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for TNPO1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 7.64% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.09; 22.14% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TNPO1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TNPO1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNPO1 Gene

Disorders for TNPO1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for TNPO1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hiv-1
  • aids, slow progression to
dementia, frontotemporal
  • dementia, frontotemporal, with or without parkinsonism
retinitis pigmentosa
  • retinitis pigmentosa 1
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TNPO1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for TNPO1

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TNPO1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TNPO1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TNPO1 Gene

Publications for TNPO1 Gene

  1. Karyopherin beta2 mediates nuclear import of a mRNA binding protein. (PMID: 9144189) Bonifaci N … Blobel G (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1997) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. RNA-regulated interaction of transportin-1 and exportin-5 with the double-stranded RNA-binding domain regulates nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of ADAR1. (PMID: 19124606) Fritz J … Jantsch MF (Molecular and cellular biology 2009) 3 4 22 60
  3. Structure of the nuclear transport complex karyopherin-beta2-Ran x GppNHp. (PMID: 10353245) Chook YM … Blobel G (Nature 1999) 3 4 22 60
  4. A novel receptor-mediated nuclear protein import pathway. (PMID: 8808633) Pollard VW … Dreyfuss G (Cell 1996) 2 3 4 60
  5. A bimodular nuclear localization signal assembled via an extended double-stranded RNA-binding domain acts as an RNA-sensing signal for transportin 1. (PMID: 24753571) Barraud P … Allain FH (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014) 3 4 60

Products for TNPO1 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for TNPO1

Sources for TNPO1 Gene

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