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Aliases for TNKS2 Gene

Aliases for TNKS2 Gene

  • Tankyrase 2 2 3
  • Tankyrase, TRF1-Interacting Ankyrin-Related ADP-Ribose Polymerase 2 2 3 5
  • TRF1-Interacting Ankyrin-Related ADP-Ribose Polymerase 2 2 3 4
  • ADP-Ribosyltransferase Diphtheria Toxin-Like 6 3 4
  • Poly [ADP-Ribose] Polymerase 5B 3 4
  • Tankyrase-Related Protein 3 4
  • Tankyrase-Like Protein 3 4
  • Tankyrase II 3 4
  • PARP5B 3 4
  • TNKS-2 3 4
  • ARTD6 3 4
  • TANK2 3 4
  • TNKL 3 4
  • EC 2.4.2.30 4
  • PARP-5b 3
  • PARP-5c 3
  • PARP5C 3
  • PART6 3

External Ids for TNKS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TNKS2 Gene

  • GC10P092439
  • GC10P092779
  • GC10P093689
  • GC10P093222
  • GC10P093548
  • GC10P087186

Summaries for TNKS2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for TNKS2 Gene

TNKS2 (Tankyrase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by Wnt and Telomere Extension by Telomerase. GO annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TANC1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNKS2 Gene

  • Poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase involved in various processes such as Wnt signaling pathway, telomere length and vesicle trafficking. Acts as an activator of the Wnt signaling pathway by mediating poly-ADP-ribosylation of AXIN1 and AXIN2, 2 key components of the beta-catenin destruction complex: poly-ADP-ribosylated target proteins are recognized by RNF146, which mediates their ubiquitination and subsequent degradation. Also mediates poly-ADP-ribosylation of BLZF1 and CASC3, followed by recruitment of RNF146 and subsequent ubiquitination. Mediates poly-ADP-ribosylation of TERF1, thereby contributing to the regulation of telomere length. May also regulate vesicle trafficking and modulate the subcellular distribution of SLC2A4/GLUT4-vesicles. Stimulates 26S proteasome activity.

Tocris Summary for TNKS2 Gene

  • The Tankyrases (TNKS1/PARP5A and TNKS2/PARP5B) are poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases that catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of target proteins. TNKS' are involved in the regulation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and have been implicated in the pathology of various forms of cancer.

Gene Wiki entry for TNKS2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TNKS2 Gene

Genomics for TNKS2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TNKS2 Gene

Enhancers for TNKS2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around TNKS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TNKS2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around TNKS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TNKS2 Gene

Chromosome:
10
Start:
91,798,312 bp from pter
End:
91,865,475 bp from pter
Size:
67,164 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for TNKS2 Gene

Genes around TNKS2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TNKS2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TNKS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TNKS2 Gene

Proteins for TNKS2 Gene

  • Protein details for TNKS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9H2K2-TNKS2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Tankyrase-2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9H2K2
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RBD3
    • Q9H8F2
    • Q9HAS4

    Protein attributes for TNKS2 Gene

    Size:
    1166 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    126918 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Oligomerizes and associates with TNKS. Interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of LNPEP/Otase in SLC2A4/GLUT4-vesicles. Binds to the N-terminus of Grb14 and TRF1 with its ankyrin repeat region. Interacts with HIF1AN. Interacts with RNF146; this interaction leads to ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAG25674.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB14665.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TNKS2 Gene

neXtProt entry for TNKS2 Gene

Proteomics data for TNKS2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TNKS2 Gene

  • ADP-ribosylated (-auto). Poly-ADP-ribosylated protein is recognized by RNF146, followed by ubiquitination.
  • The crystallographic evidence suggests that the 3-hydroxyhistidine may be the (3S) stereoisomer.
  • Ubiquitinated at Lys-48 and Lys-63 by RNF146 when auto-poly-ADP-ribosylated; this leads to degradation.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 225, Lys 331, Lys 398, Lys 425, and Lys 510
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TNKS2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TNKS2 Gene

Domains & Families for TNKS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TNKS2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9H2K2

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TNKS2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 PARP catalytic domain.
  • Contains 15 ANK repeats.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 PARP catalytic domain.
  • Contains 1 SAM (sterile alpha motif) domain.
Similarity:
  • Contains 15 ANK repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TNKS2: view

Function for TNKS2 Gene

Molecular function for TNKS2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
NAD(+) + (ADP-D-ribosyl)(n)-acceptor = nicotinamide + (ADP-D-ribosyl)(n+1)-acceptor.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Specifically inhibited by XAV939, a small molecule, leading to inhibit the Wnt signaling pathway by stabilizing AXIN1 and AXIN2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase involved in various processes such as Wnt signaling pathway, telomere length and vesicle trafficking. Acts as an activator of the Wnt signaling pathway by mediating poly-ADP-ribosylation of AXIN1 and AXIN2, 2 key components of the beta-catenin destruction complex: poly-ADP-ribosylated target proteins are recognized by RNF146, which mediates their ubiquitination and subsequent degradation. Also mediates poly-ADP-ribosylation of BLZF1 and CASC3, followed by recruitment of RNF146 and subsequent ubiquitination. Mediates poly-ADP-ribosylation of TERF1, thereby contributing to the regulation of telomere length. May also regulate vesicle trafficking and modulate the subcellular distribution of SLC2A4/GLUT4-vesicles. Stimulates 26S proteasome activity.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TNKS2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TNKS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNKS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TNKS2: view

Animal Models for TNKS2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TNKS2:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TNKS2 Gene

Localization for TNKS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNKS2 Gene

Cytoplasm. Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Nucleus. Chromosome, telomere. Note=Associated with the Golgi and with juxtanuclear SLC2A4/GLUT4-vesicles. Also found around the pericentriolar matrix of mitotic centromeres. During interphase, a small fraction of TNKS2 is found in the nucleus, associated with TRF1.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TNKS2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TNKS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 5
golgi apparatus 3
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TNKS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0048471 perinuclear region of cytoplasm IDA 11454873
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNKS2: view

Pathways & Interactions for TNKS2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TNKS2: view

Pathways by source for TNKS2 Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for TNKS2 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for TNKS2 Gene

Inactivates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TNKS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006471 protein ADP-ribosylation IDA 11739745
GO:0016055 Wnt signaling pathway IEA,TAS --
GO:0040014 regulation of multicellular organism growth IEA --
GO:0070198 protein localization to chromosome, telomeric region IMP 11739745
GO:0070213 protein auto-ADP-ribosylation IDA 19759537
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNKS2: view

Drugs & Compounds for TNKS2 Gene

(6) Drugs for TNKS2 Gene - From: ApexBio, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Nicotinamide Experimental Nutra 850,854
JW 55 Pharma PARP domain inhibitor, Tankyrase inhibitor 0
XAV-939 Pharma Tankyrase 1/2 inhibitor, Potent tankyrase inhibitor 0
NAD Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 0
NADH Nutra 0

(2) Additional Compounds for TNKS2 Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
MN 64
92831-11-3
TC-E 5001
865565-29-3

(5) Tocris Compounds for TNKS2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
JW 55 Tankyrase inhibitor 664993-53-7
MN 64 Potent and selective tankyrase inhibitor 92831-11-3
TC-E 5001 Potent tankyrase inhibitor 865565-29-3
WIKI4 Potent tankyrase inhibitor 838818-26-1
XAV 939 Potent tankyrase inhibitor 284028-89-3

(2) ApexBio Compounds for TNKS2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
JW 55 PARP domain inhibitor 664993-53-7
XAV-939 Tankyrase 1/2 inhibitor 284028-89-3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TNKS2: view

Transcripts for TNKS2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TNKS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TNKS2 Gene

Tankyrase, TRF1-interacting ankyrin-related ADP-ribose polymerase 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TNKS2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19
SP1: -
SP2: -
SP3:
SP4:

Relevant External Links for TNKS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TNKS2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TNKS2

Expression for TNKS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TNKS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TNKS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pancreatic juice (35.8) and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (30.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TNKS2 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TNKS2 Gene Hs.329327

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TNKS2 Gene

Q9H2K2-TNKS2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in placenta, skeletal muscle, liver, brain, kidney, heart, thymus, spinal cord, lung, peripheral blood leukocytes, pancreas, lymph nodes, spleen, prostate, testis, ovary, small intestine, colon, mammary gland, breast and breast carcinoma, and in common-type meningioma. Highly expressed in fetal liver, heart and brain.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TNKS2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TNKS2 Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for TNKS2 Gene

Orthologs for TNKS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TNKS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TNKS2 35
  • 92.22 (n)
  • 98.04 (a)
TNKS2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TNKS2 35
  • 94.54 (n)
  • 99.23 (a)
TNKS2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tnks2 35
  • 90.69 (n)
  • 97.37 (a)
Tnks2 16
Tnks2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TNKS2 35
  • 99.86 (n)
  • 100 (a)
TNKS2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100910717 35
  • 90.28 (n)
  • 97.45 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TNKS2 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TNKS2 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TNKS2 35
  • 83.23 (n)
  • 94.56 (a)
TNKS2 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TNKS2 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tnks2 35
  • 78.36 (n)
  • 90.41 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.14355 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta BcDNA:LD22548 37
  • 64 (a)
tankyrase 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C29E6.2 37
  • 23 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes -- 38
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2238 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for TNKS2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for TNKS2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TNKS2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TNKS2 (if available)

Paralogs for TNKS2 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for TNKS2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TNKS2: view

Variants for TNKS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TNKS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1538831 -- 91,848,278(+) GTACT(A/G)GCACA intron-variant
rs1538832 -- 91,853,673(+) AGTCA(A/G)GCATT intron-variant
rs1538833 -- 91,844,596(-) ACCTT(C/T)CTACC intron-variant
rs1539040 -- 91,817,346(+) AGTTC(A/T)GTAGC intron-variant
rs1539041 -- 91,817,384(+) CATTT(G/T)ATTCT intron-variant

Variation tolerance for TNKS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 1.39% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.39; 42.26% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Relevant External Links for TNKS2 Gene

Disorders for TNKS2 Gene

Relevant External Links for TNKS2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TNKS2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TNKS2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TNKS2

No disorders were found for TNKS2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TNKS2 Gene

Publications for TNKS2 Gene

  1. TANK2, a new TRF1-associated poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, causes rapid induction of cell death upon overexpression. (PMID: 11454873) Kaminker P.G. … Campisi J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 4 23 67
  2. Tankyrase inhibition stabilizes axin and antagonizes Wnt signalling. (PMID: 19759537) Huang S.M. … Cong F. (Nature 2009) 3 23
  3. Polymorphisms in telomere-associated genes, breast cancer susceptibility and prognosis. (PMID: 19766477) Varadi V. … FAPrsti A. (Eur. J. Cancer 2009) 3 23
  4. Human tankyrases are aberrantly expressed in colon tumors and contain multiple epitopes that induce humoral and cellular immune responses in cancer patients. (PMID: 18026951) Shebzukhov Y.V. … Nedospasov S.A. (Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 2008) 3 23
  5. Immunohistochemical detection of tankyrase 2 in human breast tumors and normal renal tissue. (PMID: 16151859) Sidorova N. … Kuimov A. (Cell Tissue Res. 2006) 3 23

Products for TNKS2 Gene

Sources for TNKS2 Gene

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