Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for TNFAIP6 Gene

Aliases for TNFAIP6 Gene

  • TNF Alpha Induced Protein 6 2 3 5
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor, Alpha-Induced Protein 6 2 3
  • TNF-Stimulated Gene 6 Protein 3 4
  • Hyaluronate-Binding Protein 3 4
  • TNF Alpha-Induced Protein 6 3 4
  • TSG-6 3 4
  • TSG6 3 4
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha-Inducible Protein 6 3
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-Stimulated Gene-6 Protein 3
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor, Alpha Induced Protein 6 3
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha-Induced Protein 6 4

External Ids for TNFAIP6 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TNFAIP6 Gene

  • GC02P149908
  • GC02P150743
  • GC02P152178
  • GC02P152416
  • GC02P152039
  • GC02P151922
  • GC02P144110

Summaries for TNFAIP6 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TNFAIP6 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a secretory protein that contains a hyaluronan-binding domain, and thus is a member of the hyaluronan-binding protein family. The hyaluronan-binding domain is known to be involved in extracellular matrix stability and cell migration. This protein has been shown to form a stable complex with inter-alpha-inhibitor (I alpha I), and thus enhance the serine protease inhibitory activity of I alpha I, which is important in the protease network associated with inflammation. This gene can be induced by proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1. Enhanced levels of this protein are found in the synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TNFAIP6 Gene

TNFAIP6 (TNF Alpha Induced Protein 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TNFAIP6 include Arthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and PEDF Induced Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include hyaluronic acid binding. An important paralog of this gene is MFRP.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TNFAIP6 Gene

  • Possibly involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions during inflammation and tumorigenesis.

Gene Wiki entry for TNFAIP6 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TNFAIP6 Gene

Genomics for TNFAIP6 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TNFAIP6 Gene

Enhancers for TNFAIP6 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around TNFAIP6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TNFAIP6 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around TNFAIP6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TNFAIP6 Gene

151,357,583 bp from pter
151,381,245 bp from pter
23,663 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TNFAIP6 Gene

Genes around TNFAIP6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TNFAIP6 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TNFAIP6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TNFAIP6 Gene

Proteins for TNFAIP6 Gene

  • Protein details for TNFAIP6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Tumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 6 protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53TI7
    • Q8WWI9

    Protein attributes for TNFAIP6 Gene

    277 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    31203 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with inter-alpha-inhibitor (I-alpha-I). Chondroitin sulfate may be required for the stability of the complex.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TNFAIP6 Gene

neXtProt entry for TNFAIP6 Gene

Proteomics data for TNFAIP6 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TNFAIP6 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 118 and Asn 258
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TNFAIP6 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for TSG6

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TNFAIP6 Gene

Domains & Families for TNFAIP6 Gene

Protein Domains for TNFAIP6 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TNFAIP6 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 CUB domain.
  • Contains 1 CUB domain.
  • Contains 1 Link domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TNFAIP6: view

No data available for Gene Families for TNFAIP6 Gene

Function for TNFAIP6 Gene

Molecular function for TNFAIP6 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
tumor necrosis factor,alpha-induced protein 6
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Possibly involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions during inflammation and tumorigenesis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TNFAIP6: view

Animal Models for TNFAIP6 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TNFAIP6:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TNFAIP6

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TNFAIP6 Gene

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TNFAIP6 Gene

Localization for TNFAIP6 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TNFAIP6 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TNFAIP6 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 3
cytosol 2

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TNFAIP6 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TNFAIP6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TNFAIP6: view

Pathways by source for TNFAIP6 Gene

Interacting Proteins for TNFAIP6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TNFAIP6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007155 cell adhesion IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 1730767
GO:0007267 cell-cell signaling TAS 1730767
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TNFAIP6: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TNFAIP6 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TNFAIP6 Gene

(6) Drugs for TNFAIP6 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Hyaluronan Approved Pharma Target, binder 411

(3) Additional Compounds for TNFAIP6 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TNFAIP6: view

Transcripts for TNFAIP6 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TNFAIP6 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TNFAIP6 Gene

Tumor necrosis factor, alpha-induced protein 6:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TNFAIP6 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TNFAIP6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TNFAIP6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TNFAIP6 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TNFAIP6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x17.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TNFAIP6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Islet of Langerhans (47.8) and Vitreous humor (21.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TNFAIP6 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TNFAIP6 Gene Hs.437322

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TNFAIP6 Gene

Tissue specificity: Found in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TNFAIP6: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TNFAIP6 Gene

Primer Products

Orthologs for TNFAIP6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TNFAIP6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TNFAIP6 35
  • 93.74 (n)
  • 94.95 (a)
TSG-6 36
  • 94 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TNFAIP6 35
  • 89.77 (n)
  • 92.06 (a)
  • 92 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tnfaip6 35
  • 88.26 (n)
  • 92.8 (a)
Tnfaip6 16
Tnfaip6 36
  • 89 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TNFAIP6 35
  • 99.64 (n)
  • 99.28 (a)
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tnfaip6 35
  • 86.62 (n)
  • 91.67 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TNFAIP6 36
  • 87 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TNFAIP6 36
  • 87 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TNFAIP6 35
  • 77.52 (n)
  • 82.38 (a)
  • 79 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TNFAIP6 36
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tnfaip6 35
  • 69.46 (n)
  • 74.9 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.17738 35
tnfaip6 35
  • 70.06 (n)
  • 74.15 (a)
tnfaip6 36
  • 66 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
Species with no ortholog for TNFAIP6:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TNFAIP6 Gene

Gene Tree for TNFAIP6 (if available)
Gene Tree for TNFAIP6 (if available)

Paralogs for TNFAIP6 Gene

Paralogs for TNFAIP6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TNFAIP6: view

Variants for TNFAIP6 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TNFAIP6 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_013005 -
rs57962752 -- 151,381,502(+) AAAAA(-/A)GCAAC downstream-variant-500B
rs76434847 -- 151,381,503(+) AAAAA(A/G)CAACC downstream-variant-500B
rs72858678 -- 151,381,604(+) TCTCC(A/C)TTGCA downstream-variant-500B
rs113476966 -- 151,381,489(+) TCTTT(-/A)AAAAA downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TNFAIP6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv34659 CNV Loss 17911159
nsv2972 CNV Insertion 18451855
nsv834418 CNV Gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for TNFAIP6 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 75.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.01; 80.11% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for TNFAIP6 Gene

Disorders for TNFAIP6 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for TNFAIP6 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • inflammatory disorder of joint
rheumatoid arthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis, progression of
  • arthropathy
chronic active epstein-barr virus infection
  • caebv infection
ulceroglandular tularemia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for TNFAIP6

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TNFAIP6: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TNFAIP6 Gene

Publications for TNFAIP6 Gene

  1. A novel secretory tumor necrosis factor-inducible protein (TSG-6) is a member of the family of hyaluronate binding proteins, closely related to the adhesion receptor CD44. (PMID: 1730767) Lee T.H. … Vilcek J. (J. Cell Biol. 1992) 2 3 4 23 25 67
  2. TSG-6 modulates the interaction between hyaluronan and cell surface CD44. (PMID: 15060082) Lesley J. … Mikecz K. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 2 3 23
  3. TNF/IL-1-inducible protein TSG-6 potentiates plasmin inhibition by inter-alpha-inhibitor and exerts a strong anti-inflammatory effect in vivo. (PMID: 8568267) Wisniewski H.G. … Cronstein B.N. (J. Immunol. 1996) 2 3 23
  4. TSG-6, an arthritis-associated hyaluronan binding protein, forms a stable complex with the serum protein inter-alpha-inhibitor. (PMID: 7516184) Wisniewski H.-G. … Vilcek J. (Biochemistry 1994) 3 23 25
  5. Coregulation in human leukocytes of the long pentraxin PTX3 and TSG-6. (PMID: 19389798) Maina V. … Garlanda C. (J. Leukoc. Biol. 2009) 3 23

Products for TNFAIP6 Gene

Sources for TNFAIP6 Gene