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Aliases for TMEM59 Gene

Aliases for TMEM59 Gene

  • Liver Membrane-Bound Protein 3 4
  • Transmembrane Protein 59 2 3
  • C1orf8 3 4
  • Chromosome 1 Open Reading Frame 8 2
  • Dendritic Cell Factor 1 3
  • HSPC001 3
  • PRO195 3
  • UNQ169 3
  • DCF1 3

External Ids for TMEM59 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TMEM59 Gene

  • C1orf8

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TMEM59 Gene

  • GC01M054210
  • GC01M054269
  • GC01M054497
  • GC01M052613

Summaries for TMEM59 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TMEM59 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein shown to regulate autophagy in response to bacterial infection. This protein may also regulate the retention of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the Golgi apparatus through its control of APP glycosylation. Overexpression of this protein has been found to promote apoptosis in a glioma cell line. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2015]

GeneCards Summary for TMEM59 Gene

TMEM59 is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TMEM59L.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TMEM59 Gene

  • Acts as a regulator of autophagy in response to S.aureus infection by promoting activation of LC3 (MAP1LC3A, MAP1LC3B or MAP1LC3C). Acts by interacting with ATG16L1, leading to promote a functional complex between LC3 and ATG16L1 and promoting LC3 lipidation and subsequent activation of autophagy. Modulates the O-glycosylation and complex N-glycosylation steps occurring during the Golgi maturation of several proteins such as APP, BACE1, SEAP or PRNP. Inhibits APP transport to the cell surface and further shedding.

Gene Wiki entry for TMEM59 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TMEM59 Gene

Genomics for TMEM59 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TMEM59 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for TMEM59 Gene

Start:
54,031,663 bp from pter
End:
54,053,504 bp from pter
Size:
21,842 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TMEM59 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TMEM59 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TMEM59 Gene

Proteins for TMEM59 Gene

  • Protein details for TMEM59 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BXS4-TMM59_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Transmembrane protein 59
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BXS4
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KQL7
    • O75393
    • Q4VBP9
    • Q5T705
    • Q96KX7

    Protein attributes for TMEM59 Gene

    Size:
    323 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    36223 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ATG16L1.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC39890.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=6; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH03106.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for TMEM59 Gene

Proteomics data for TMEM59 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TMEM59 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TMEM59 Gene

Domains for TMEM59 Gene

Protein Domains for TMEM59 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TMEM59 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BXS4

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TMM59_HUMAN :
  • Q9BXS4
Domain:
  • The ATG16L1-binding motif mediates interaction with ATG16L1 and promotes autophagy.
Family:
  • Belongs to the TMEM59 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TMEM59: view

No data available for Gene Families for TMEM59 Gene

Function for TMEM59 Gene

Molecular function for TMEM59 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Acts as a regulator of autophagy in response to S.aureus infection by promoting activation of LC3 (MAP1LC3A, MAP1LC3B or MAP1LC3C). Acts by interacting with ATG16L1, leading to promote a functional complex between LC3 and ATG16L1 and promoting LC3 lipidation and subsequent activation of autophagy. Modulates the O-glycosylation and complex N-glycosylation steps occurring during the Golgi maturation of several proteins such as APP, BACE1, SEAP or PRNP. Inhibits APP transport to the cell surface and further shedding.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TMEM59 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004175 endopeptidase activity IEA --
GO:0004867 serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 23376921
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TMEM59: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TMEM59 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TMEM59

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for TMEM59 Gene

Localization for TMEM59 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TMEM59 Gene

Late endosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Lysosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Golgi apparatus membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Mainly localizes to late endosomes/lysosomes. Probably first exported to the cell surface and then actively endocytosed to transiently localize in early endosomes on its way to the late endosomal/lysosomal compartment where it becomes quickly degraded.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TMEM59 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TMEM59 gene
Compartment Confidence
endosome 5
golgi apparatus 5
lysosome 5
plasma membrane 5
vacuole 5
extracellular 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TMEM59 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000137 Golgi cis cisterna IDA 20427278
GO:0000138 Golgi trans cisterna IDA 20427278
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0005764 lysosome IDA 23376921
GO:0005765 lysosomal membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TMEM59: view

Pathways for TMEM59 Gene

SuperPathways for TMEM59 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TMEM59 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0006914 autophagy IEA --
GO:0010508 positive regulation of autophagy IMP 23376921
GO:0010955 negative regulation of protein processing IDA 20427278
GO:0090005 negative regulation of establishment of protein localization to plasma membrane IDA 20427278
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TMEM59: view

No data available for Pathways by source for TMEM59 Gene

Transcripts for TMEM59 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TMEM59 Gene

Transmembrane protein 59:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TMEM59

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TMEM59 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d · 2e ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b · 10c ·
SP1: - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - - -
SP6:
SP7: - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - - - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10: - - - -
SP11: -
SP12: -
SP13: - - - - - -
SP14: - - -
SP15: -
SP16: - - - -
SP17: - - -

ExUns: 10d · 10e · 10f
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:
SP15:
SP16:
SP17:

Relevant External Links for TMEM59 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TMEM59
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TMEM59

Expression for TMEM59 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TMEM59 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TMEM59 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TMEM59 Gene Hs.523262

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with TMEM59: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TMEM59 Gene

Orthologs for TMEM59 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TMEM59 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TMEM59 35
  • 99.9 (n)
  • 100 (a)
TMEM59 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TMEM59 35
  • 93.91 (n)
  • 95.05 (a)
TMEM59 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TMEM59 35
  • 94.32 (n)
  • 96.28 (a)
TMEM59 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tmem59 35
  • 89.47 (n)
  • 94.12 (a)
Tmem59 16
Tmem59 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TMEM59 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia RGD1310313 35
  • 87.1 (n)
  • 93.81 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TMEM59 35
  • 79.27 (n)
  • 84.88 (a)
TMEM59 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TMEM59 36
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.29361 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.6280 35
tmem59 35
  • 65.98 (n)
  • 63.82 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.5932 35
tmem59 35
  • 63.58 (n)
  • 64.73 (a)
tmem59 36
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.3043 36
  • 18 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for TMEM59:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TMEM59 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TMEM59 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TMEM59 (if available)

Paralogs for TMEM59 Gene

Paralogs for TMEM59 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for TMEM59 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TMEM59: view

Variants for TMEM59 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TMEM59 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs12409 -- 54,036,715(-) CTTAA(A/C)TCTGG missense, reference
rs12504 -- 54,031,990(+) AATAC(A/C)AATAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs914721 -- 54,048,297(-) ACTCA(C/T)CCAAA intron-variant
rs914722 -- 54,048,154(-) ACTTT(A/T)TCAGG intron-variant
rs1044831 -- 54,032,051(-) AAATC(A/C)CTATA utr-variant-3-prime

Relevant External Links for TMEM59 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TMEM59

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TMEM59 Gene

Disorders for TMEM59 Gene

Relevant External Links for TMEM59

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TMEM59
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TMEM59
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TMEM59: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TMEM59 Gene

Publications for TMEM59 Gene

  1. Identification of genes expressed in human CD34(+) hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells by expressed sequence tags and efficient full- length cDNA cloning. (PMID: 9653160) Mao M. … Chen Z. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1998) 2 3
  2. Cloning and functional analysis of cDNAs with open reading frames for 300 previously undefined genes expressed in CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. (PMID: 11042152) Zhang Q.-H. … Chen Z. (Genome Res. 2000) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. Signal sequence and keyword trap in silico for selection of full- length human cDNAs encoding secretion or membrane proteins from oligo- capped cDNA libraries. (PMID: 16303743) Otsuki T. … Isogai T. (DNA Res. 2005) 3 4
  5. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4

Products for TMEM59 Gene

Sources for TMEM59 Gene

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