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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

TMC4 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 47
GCID: GC19M054663

Transmembrane Channel-Like 4

  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Transmembrane Channel-Like 41 2
Transmembrane Channel-Like Protein 42

External Ids:    HGNC: 229981   Entrez Gene: 1477982   Ensembl: ENSG000001676087   UniProtKB: Q7Z4043   

Export aliases for TMC4 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC19M059339 GC19M059355 GC19M050980


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

GeneCards Summary for TMC4 Gene: 
TMC4 (transmembrane channel-like 4) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with TMC4 include epidermodysplasia verruciformis, and gas gangrene. An important paralog of this gene is TMC7.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TMC4_HUMAN, Q7Z404
Function: Probable ion channel (By similarity)




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000019.9  NT_011109.16  NC_018930.2  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the TMC4 gene promoter:
         Egr-3   NF-1   C/EBPbeta   Pax-5   NRSF form 1   XBP-1   NRSF form 2   NF-AT   c-Ets-1   NF-AT1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidTMC4 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for TMC4

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat TMC4


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 19q13.42   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  19q13.42   HGNC cytogenetic band: 19q13.42

TMC4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
TMC4 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 19         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC19M054663:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
54,663,833 bp from pter      End:
54,676,944 bp from pter
Size:
13,112 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

6/8 alternative locations (see all 8):
Chr19-,NW_003571055 134,946-148,057      Chr19-,NW_003571057 134,946-148,057      Chr19-,NW_003571058 134,946-148,057     
Chr19-,NW_003571056 134,946-148,057      Chr19-,NW_003571059 134,946-148,057      Chr19-,NW_003571061 134,946-148,057     

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TMC4_HUMAN, Q7Z404 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Transmembrane channel-like protein 4  
Size: 712 amino acids; 79208 Da
Subcellular location: Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein (Potential)
Secondary accessions: Q7Z5M3 Q8N5E4 Q8TBS7
Alternative splicing: 3 isoforms:  Q7Z404-2   Q7Z404-1   Q7Z404-3   (No experimental confirmation available)

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for TMC4: NX_Q7Z404

Explore proteomics data for TMC4 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q7Z404

  • TMC4 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    TMC4 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001138775.2  NP_653287.2  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000392774   ENSP00000301187   ENSP00000365776   ENSP00000416444   ENSP00000405023  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for TMC4: 
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    Novus Biologicals TMC4 Lysate
    Browse Sino Biological Recombinant Proteins
    Browse Sino Biological Cell Lysates 
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for TMC4 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0016021integral to membrane IEA--

    TMC4 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    Cloud-Clone Corp. ELISAs for TMC4 
    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for TMC4


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR012496 TMC

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q7Z404

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q7Z404

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB012496 TMC

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TMC4_HUMAN, Q7Z404
    Similarity: Belongs to the TMC family


    TMC4 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: TMC4_HUMAN, Q7Z404
    Function: Probable ion channel (By similarity)

    Animal Models:

       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for TMC4 
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated inducible mouse model solutions for TMC4

       genOway customized KO model: permanent, tissue-specific or time-controlled inactivation for TMC4 
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    miRNA
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    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidTMC4 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    GenScript: all cDNA clones in your preferred vector (see all 2): TMC4 (NM_144686)
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    In Situ Assay
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for TMC4


    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section



    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for TMC4

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006811ion transport IEA--

    TMC4 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for TMC4

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about TMC4

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for TMC4 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001145303.2  NM_144686.3  

    Unigene Cluster for TMC4:

    Transmembrane channel-like 4
    Hs.355126  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_001145303
    12 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000494594 ENST00000449860 ENST00000465790(uc002qdn.3) ENST00000301187
    ENST00000376591(uc010erf.3 uc002qdo.3) ENST00000468343 ENST00000495398
    ENST00000479750 ENST00000476013 ENST00000497518 ENST00000446291 ENST00000416963

    miRNA
    Products:
         
    QIAGEN Custom miScript Target Protector blocks miRNA-binding site of human, mouse, rat TMC4
    Search QIAGEN for miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate TMC4
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidTMC4 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
    Browse for Gene Knock-down Tools from EMD Millipore
    OriGene RNAi products in human, mouse, rat for TMC4
    QIAGEN FlexiTube/FlexiPlate siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat TMC4
    Clone
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    OriGene clones in human, mouse for TMC4 (see all 11)
    OriGene ORF clones in mouse, rat for TMC4
    OriGene custom cloning services - gene synthesis, subcloning, mutagenesis, variant library, vector shuttling
    GenScript: all cDNA clones in your preferred vector (see all 2): TMC4 (NM_144686)
    DNA2.0 Custom Codon Optimized Gene Synthesis Service for TMC4
    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat TMC4
    Sirion Biotech Customized lentivirus for stable overexpression of TMC4 
                         Customized lentivirus expression plasmids for stable overexpression of TMC4 
    Primer
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    OriGene qPCR primer pairs and template standards for TMC4
    OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human, mouse for TMC4
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      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat TMC4
      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat TMC4

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK124406.1 AK314973.1 AY236492.1 AY263166.1 BC025323.1 BC032477.1 DQ656026.2 

    7 DOTS entries:

    DT.92418854  DT.211951  DT.100657490  DT.92418855  DT.99971260  DT.95270090  DT.97840157 

    24/96 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 96):

    BC025323 BC032477 AA335628 AA926906 CR605550 BM773433 AK124406 CB989760 
    NM_144686 BV203372 BX371715 BV203370 BF516168 BQ026586 AA426447 AY236492 
    BX359025 BE645551 BQ082417 BE740087 AI521130 BI907600 AW195635 BE249841 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    5/8 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TMC4 (see all 8)    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b · 13c ^
    SP1:                                                                                      -                       -                             -     -         
    SP2:                                      -     -     -                                                                                                         
    SP3:                                                  -                                                                                                         
    SP4:                                                  -                             -     -                                                                     
    SP5:                                                                                                                                            -               

    ExUns: 14a · 14b · 14c
    SP1:                  
    SP2:                  
    SP3:                  
    SP4:                  
    SP5:                  


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for TMC4

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    TMC4 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: ACGCTGCTGC
    TMC4 Expression
    About this image


    See TMC4 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for TMC4

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.355126
        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for TMC4
    Primer
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for TMC4

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for TMC4 gene from 3/10 species (see all 10)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Tmc41 , 5 transmembrane channel-like gene family 41, 5 79.65(n)1
    76.6(a)1
      7 (2.11 cM)5
    3534991  NM_181820.21  NP_861541.21 
     36657905 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia TMC46
    transmembrane channel-like 4
    41(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    GL343279.1(1594388-1615874)
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii tmc46
    transmembrane channel-like 4
    35(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    16(34343560-34364623)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for TMC4 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for TMC4 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for TMC4 gene
    TMC72  TMC32  TMC22  TMC82  TMC52  TMC12  TMC62  
    2 SIMAP similar genes for TMC4 using alignment to 3 protein entries:     TMC4_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    TMC7    TMC8

    TMC4 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    1 Pseudogenes.org Pseudogene for TMC4
    PGOHUM00000249487


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/577 SNPs in TMC4 are shown (see all 577)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 19 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1478266911,2
    C--50979727(+) AGATAC/TTCATG 2 -- int10--------
    rs1827136831,2
    --50979744(+) TAGCTA/GTCCAG 2 -- int10--------
    rs2002490441,2
    C--50979752(+) CAGGGA/GCTGGC 2 -- int10--------
    rs1876101141,2
    --50979796(+) GGATGC/GCCCCC 2 -- int10--------
    rs1928390291,2
    --50979892(+) GACGCC/TCTTTA 2 -- int10--------
    rs1412855041,2
    --50979935(+) ATCCCC/TTAGCA 2 -- int10--------
    rs776821671,2
    C--50980194(+) GAGTCA/GGGACG 2 -- ut310--------
    rs736130371,2
    C,F--50980216(+) GGGCCC/TTGGAA 2 -- ut313Minor allele frequency- T:0.04WA 122
    rs31702551,2
    C,F,H--50980343(-) TCTTTG/AACCCC 4 /* syn1 ese318Minor allele frequency- A:0.01MN NS NA CSA EA EU WA 7870
    rs771356881,2
    C,F--50980378(+) ACAGCG/ACGCCG 4 /R syn12Minor allele frequency- A:0.01WA 318

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for TMC4 (54663833 - 54676944 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 10/12 variations for TMC4 (see all 12):    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv1685576CNV Deletion17803354
    esv2718857CNV Deletion23290073
    esv2718812CNV Deletion23290073
    nsv515623CNV Loss19592680
    nsv510774CNV Loss20534489
    nsv912398CNV Loss21882294
    dgv4002n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv4001n71CNV Loss21882294
    nsv9751CNV Gain18304495
    nsv428371CNV Gain+Loss18775914

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing TMC4
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for TMC4

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    2 diseases for TMC4:    About MalaCards
    epidermodysplasia verruciformis    gas gangrene

    2 diseases from the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database for TMC4:
    Epidermodysplasia verruciformis     Gas gangrene

    TMC4 for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Export disorders for TMC4 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for TMC4 gene integrated from 9 sources:
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with TMC4)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Characterization of the transmembrane channel-like (TMC) gene family: functional clues from hearing loss and epidermodysplasia verruciformis. (PubMed id 12906855)1, 2, 3, 9 Kurima K.... Griffith A.J. (2003)
    2. TMC and EVER genes belong to a larger novel family, the TMC gene family encoding transmembrane proteins. (PubMed id 12812529)1, 2, 3 Keresztes G.... Heller S. (2003)
    3. Transcriptome analysis of human gastric cancer. (PubMed id 16341674)1 Oh J.H....Kim N.S. (2005)
    4. The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. (PubMed id 15057824)2 Grimwood J.... Lucas S.M. (2004)
    5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    6. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PubMed id 12477932)1 Strausberg R.L....Marra M.A. (2002)
    7. Normalization and subtraction: two approaches to facilitate gene discovery. (PubMed id 8889548)1 Bonaldo M.F.... Soares M.B. (1996)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Free Text  

      Query String
    PubMed
    OMIM
    NCBI Bookshelf
      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 147798 HGNC: 22998 AceView: TMC4 Ensembl:ENSG00000167608 euGenes: HUgn147798
    ECgene: TMC4 H-InvDB: TMC4

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for TMC4 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for TMC4 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving TMC4

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
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    About This Section

     
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 3 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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