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Aliases for TINF2 Gene

Aliases for TINF2 Gene

  • TERF1 (TRF1)-Interacting Nuclear Factor 2 2 3
  • TIN2 3 4 6
  • TRF1-Interacting Nuclear Protein 2 3 4
  • DKCA3 3 6
  • TERF1-Interacting Nuclear Factor 2 3

External Ids for TINF2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TINF2 Gene

  • GC14M022081
  • GC14M018496
  • GC14M022698
  • GC14M023778
  • GC14M024708
  • GC14M004823

Summaries for TINF2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TINF2 Gene

  • This gene encodes one of the proteins of the shelterin, or telosome, complex which protects telomeres by allowing the cell to distinguish between telomeres and regions of DNA damage. The protein encoded by this gene is a critical part of shelterin; it interacts with the three DNA-binding proteins of the shelterin complex, and it is important for assembly of the complex. Mutations in this gene cause dyskeratosis congenita (DKC), an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TINF2 Gene

TINF2 (TERF1 (TRF1)-Interacting Nuclear Factor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TINF2 include revesz syndrome and dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant 3. Among its related pathways are Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. GO annotations related to this gene include telomeric DNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TINF2 Gene

  • Component of the shelterin complex (telosome) that is involved in the regulation of telomere length and protection. Shelterin associates with arrays of double-stranded TTAGGG repeats added by telomerase and protects chromosome ends; without its protective activity, telomeres are no longer hidden from the DNA damage surveillance and chromosome ends are inappropriately processed by DNA repair pathways. Plays a role in shelterin complex assembly. Isoform 1 may have additional role in tethering telomeres to the nuclear matrix.

Gene Wiki entry for TINF2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TINF2 Gene

Genomics for TINF2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TINF2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for TINF2 Gene

Start:
24,234,248 bp from pter
End:
24,243,027 bp from pter
Size:
8,780 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TINF2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TINF2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TINF2 Gene

Proteins for TINF2 Gene

  • Protein details for TINF2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BSI4-TINF2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    TERF1-interacting nuclear factor 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BSI4
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3W5Q7
    • Q9H904
    • Q9UHC2

    Protein attributes for TINF2 Gene

    Size:
    451 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50023 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer. Found in a complex with POT1; TERF1 and TNKS1. Component of the shelterin complex (telosome) composed of TERF1, TERF2, TINF2, TERF2IP ACD and POT1. Interacts with TERF1, TERF2 and ACD.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TINF2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TINF2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TINF2 Gene

Proteomics data for TINF2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TINF2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TINF2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TINF2 Gene

Domains for TINF2 Gene

Protein Domains for TINF2 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BSI4

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TINF2_HUMAN :
  • Q9BSI4
Domain:
  • The TBM domain mediates interaction with TERF1.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TINF2: view

No data available for Gene Families for TINF2 Gene

Function for TINF2 Gene

Molecular function for TINF2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Component of the shelterin complex (telosome) that is involved in the regulation of telomere length and protection. Shelterin associates with arrays of double-stranded TTAGGG repeats added by telomerase and protects chromosome ends; without its protective activity, telomeres are no longer hidden from the DNA damage surveillance and chromosome ends are inappropriately processed by DNA repair pathways. Plays a role in shelterin complex assembly. Isoform 1 may have additional role in tethering telomeres to the nuclear matrix.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TINF2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 NOT DNA binding IDA 10581025
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12768206
GO:0042162 telomeric DNA binding IDA 12768206
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TINF2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TINF2: view

Animal Models for TINF2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TINF2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TINF2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TINF2

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TINF2

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for TINF2 Gene

Localization for TINF2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TINF2 Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome, telomere. Note=Associated with telomeres.
Isoform 1: Nucleus matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TINF2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TINF2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
mitochondrion 2
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TINF2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000781 chromosome, telomeric region IDA 10581025
GO:0000783 nuclear telomere cap complex IDA 16880378
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0010370 perinucleolar chromocenter IDA 15741234
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TINF2: view

Pathways for TINF2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TINF2: view

Pathways by source for TINF2 Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TINF2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000723 telomere maintenance TAS --
GO:0010833 telomere maintenance via telomere lengthening IMP 18669893
GO:0010836 negative regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation IGI 15133513
GO:0032202 telomere assembly IMP 16880378
GO:0032205 negative regulation of telomere maintenance --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TINF2: view

Compounds for TINF2 Gene

(2) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for TINF2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
tin(2+) 99.6 114
adpribose 42.9 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TINF2: view

Transcripts for TINF2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TINF2 Gene

TERF1 (TRF1)-interacting nuclear factor 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TINF2

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TINF2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b
SP1:
SP2:
SP3: -
SP4: - - -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7: - - - - -
SP8:

Relevant External Links for TINF2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TINF2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TINF2

Expression for TINF2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TINF2 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TINF2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TINF2 Gene Hs.496191

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TINF2 Gene

Q9BSI4-TINF2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Detected in heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with TINF2: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for TINF2 Gene

Orthologs for TINF2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TINF2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TINF2 35
  • 99.26 (n)
  • 98.89 (a)
TINF2 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TINF2 35
  • 84.68 (n)
  • 79.82 (a)
TINF2 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TINF2 35
  • 84.89 (n)
  • 80.87 (a)
TINF2 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tinf2 35
  • 75.12 (n)
  • 65.94 (a)
Tinf2 16
Tinf2 36
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TINF2 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TINF2 36
  • 33 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tinf2 35
  • 76.66 (n)
  • 71.03 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TINF2 36
  • 34 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for TINF2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for TINF2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TINF2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TINF2 (if available)

Paralogs for TINF2 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TINF2 Gene

Variants for TINF2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TINF2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs766601 -- 24,242,888(-) CCTCA(C/G)GGGAG upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime
rs766602 -- 24,242,612(-) CCCTC(G/T)GGCTC utr-variant-5-prime
rs4982876 -- 24,244,893(+) aaaaa(A/G)aaaaa upstream-variant-2KB
rs5807249 -- 24,241,614(+) TCCTC(-/A)AAAAA intron-variant
rs8016076 -- 24,243,052(+) TCCTT(C/T)TATAA upstream-variant-2KB

Relevant External Links for TINF2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TINF2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TINF2
Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB)
TINF2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TINF2 Gene

Disorders for TINF2 Gene

(2) OMIM Diseases for TINF2 Gene (604319)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

TINF2_HUMAN
  • Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant, 3 (DKCA3) [MIM:613990]: A rare multisystem disorder caused by defective telomere maintenance. It is characterized by progressive bone marrow failure, and the clinical triad of reticulated skin hyperpigmentation, nail dystrophy, and mucosal leukoplakia. Common but variable features include premature graying, aplastic anemia, low platelets, osteoporosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and liver fibrosis among others. Early mortality is often associated with bone marrow failure, infections, fatal pulmonary complications, or malignancy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18252230}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant, 5 (DKCA5) [MIM:268130]: A disease characterized by bone marrow hypoplasia, nail dystrophy, fine sparse hair, fine reticulate skin pigmentation, oral leukoplakia, bilateral exudative retinopathy, cerebellar hypoplasia, and growth retardation. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18252230}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for TINF2 Gene

(3) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for TINF2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
gastric carcinoma 26.1 4
cancer 17.3 2
carcinoma 0 2

Relevant External Links for TINF2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TINF2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TINF2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TINF2: view

Publications for TINF2 Gene

  1. TIN2, a new regulator of telomere length in human cells. (PMID: 10581025) Kim S.-H. … Campisi J. (Nat. Genet. 1999) 2 3 4 23
  2. POT1 as a terminal transducer of TRF1 telomere length control. (PMID: 12768206) Loayza D. … De Lange T. (Nature 2003) 3 4 23
  3. TIN2 binds TRF1 and TRF2 simultaneously and stabilizes the TRF2 complex on telomeres. (PMID: 15316005) Ye J.Z.-S. … de Lange T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 4 23
  4. Telosome, a mammalian telomere-associated complex formed by multiple telomeric proteins. (PMID: 15383534) Liu D. … Songyang Z. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 4 23
  5. A critical role for TPP1 and TIN2 interaction in high-order telomeric complex assembly. (PMID: 16880378) O'Connor M.S. … Songyang Z. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2006) 3 4 23

Products for TINF2 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for TINF2

Sources for TINF2 Gene

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