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Aliases for TIMELESS Gene

Aliases for TIMELESS Gene

  • Timeless Circadian Clock 2 3
  • TIM1 3 4 6
  • TIM 3 4 6
  • Timeless Circadian Clock 1 2 3
  • HTIM 3 4
  • Timeless (Drosophila) Homolog 2
  • Timeless Homolog (Drosophila) 2
  • Tof1 Homolog (S. Cerevisiae) 2
  • Protein Timeless Homolog 3
  • Timeless Homolog 3
  • Tof1 Homolog 3
  • TIMELESS1 4

External Ids for TIMELESS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TIMELESS Gene

  • GC12P056609
  • GC12M057034
  • GC12M056526
  • GC12M055097
  • GC12M056810
  • GC12M053849

Summaries for TIMELESS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TIMELESS Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is highly conserved and is involved in cell survival after damage or stress, increase in DNA polymerase epsilon activity, maintenance of telomere length, and epithelial cell morphogenesis. The encoded protein also plays a role in the circadian rhythm autoregulatory loop, interacting with the PERIOD genes (PER1, PER2, and PER3) and others to downregulate activation of PER1 by CLOCK/ARNTL. Changes in this gene or its expression may promote prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and mental disorders. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

GeneCards Summary for TIMELESS Gene

TIMELESS (Timeless Circadian Clock) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TIMELESS include vestibular nystagmus and pellagra. Among its related pathways are Circadian rhythm pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and protein heterodimerization activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TIMELESS Gene

  • Plays an important role in the control of DNA replication, maintenance of replication fork stability, maintenance of genome stability throughout normal DNA replication and in the regulation of the circadian clock. Involved in the determination of period length and in the DNA damage-dependent phase advancing of the circadian clock. Negatively regulates CLOCK NPAS2-ARTNL/BMAL1 ARTNL2/BMAL2-induced transactivation of PER1 possibly via translocation of PER1 into the nucleus. Forms a complex with TIPIN and this complex regulates DNA replication processes under both normal and stress conditions, stabilizes replication forks and influences both CHEK1 phosphorylation and the intra-S phase checkpoint in response to genotoxic stress. Timeless promotes TIPIN nuclear localization. Involved in cell survival after DNA damage or replication stress. May be specifically required for the ATR-CHEK1 pathway in the replication checkpoint induced by hydroxyurea or ultraviolet light. May also play an important role in epithelial cell morphogenesis and formation of branching tubules.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TIMELESS Gene

Genomics for TIMELESS Gene

Genomic Location for TIMELESS Gene

Start:
56,416,373 bp from pter
End:
56,449,416 bp from pter
Size:
33,044 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TIMELESS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TIMELESS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TIMELESS Gene

Proteins for TIMELESS Gene

  • Protein details for TIMELESS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9UNS1-TIM_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein timeless homolog
    Protein Accession:
    Q9UNS1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2ZAV0
    • O94802
    • Q86VM1
    • Q8IWH3

    Protein attributes for TIMELESS Gene

    Size:
    1208 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    138658 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer or homomultimer. Component of the circadian core oscillator, which includes the CRY proteins, CLOCK or NPAS2, ARTNL/BMAL1 or ARTNL2/BMAL2, CSKN1D and/or CSNK1E, TIMELESS, and the PER proteins. Interacts directly with PER1, PER2 and PER3; the interaction with PER2 is via its second PAS domain. Interacts with CRY1, CRY2, CHEK1, ATR and ATRIP. Interacts with CLSPN and TIPIN.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH39842.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Contaminating sequence. Potential poly-A sequence.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for TIMELESS Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TIMELESS Gene

Proteomics data for TIMELESS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TIMELESS Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys288 and Lys299
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TIMELESS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TIMELESS Gene

Domains for TIMELESS Gene

Protein Domains for TIMELESS Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TIMELESS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9UNS1

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TIM_HUMAN :
  • Q9UNS1
Family:
  • Belongs to the timeless family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TIMELESS: view

No data available for Gene Families for TIMELESS Gene

Function for TIMELESS Gene

Molecular function for TIMELESS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Plays an important role in the control of DNA replication, maintenance of replication fork stability, maintenance of genome stability throughout normal DNA replication and in the regulation of the circadian clock. Involved in the determination of period length and in the DNA damage-dependent phase advancing of the circadian clock. Negatively regulates CLOCK NPAS2-ARTNL/BMAL1 ARTNL2/BMAL2-induced transactivation of PER1 possibly via translocation of PER1 into the nucleus. Forms a complex with TIPIN and this complex regulates DNA replication processes under both normal and stress conditions, stabilizes replication forks and influences both CHEK1 phosphorylation and the intra-S phase checkpoint in response to genotoxic stress. Timeless promotes TIPIN nuclear localization. Involved in cell survival after DNA damage or replication stress. May be specifically required for the ATR-CHEK1 pathway in the replication checkpoint induced by hydroxyurea or ultraviolet light. May also play an important role in epithelial cell morphogenesis and formation of branching tubules.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: Regulated by the cell cycle. High levels in S, G(2) and M phases, with highest level in S phase. Low expression in G(0) and G(1) phases.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TIMELESS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15798197
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IEA --
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TIMELESS: view

Phenotypes for TIMELESS Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for TIMELESS:
inferred from 2 alleles
GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for TIMELESS:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TIMELESS: view

Animal Models for TIMELESS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TIMELESS:

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for TIMELESS Gene

Localization for TIMELESS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TIMELESS Gene

Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TIMELESS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TIMELESS gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TIMELESS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin IDA 17102137
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005730 nucleolus IDA --
GO:0015630 microtubule cytoskeleton IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TIMELESS: view

Pathways for TIMELESS Gene

SuperPathways for TIMELESS Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Circadian rhythm pathway
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TIMELESS: view

Pathways by source for TIMELESS Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for TIMELESS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TIMELESS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0002009 morphogenesis of an epithelium ISS --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006974 cellular response to DNA damage stimulus ISS --
GO:0007067 mitotic nuclear division IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TIMELESS: view

Transcripts for TIMELESS Gene

Unigene Clusters for TIMELESS Gene

Timeless circadian clock:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TIMELESS Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b · 17c · 17d ^ 18a ·
SP1:
SP2:
SP3: - -
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

ExUns: 18b ^ 19a · 19b ^ 20a · 20b ^ 21 ^ 22a · 22b ^ 23 ^ 24a · 24b ^ 25a · 25b ^ 26 ^ 27a · 27b · 27c ^ 28 ^ 29
SP1:
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10: -
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:

Relevant External Links for TIMELESS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TIMELESS
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TIMELESS

Expression for TIMELESS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TIMELESS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TIMELESS Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TIMELESS Gene Hs.118631

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TIMELESS Gene

Q9UNS1-TIM_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in all tissues examined including brain, heart, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, placenta, pancreas, spleen, thymus and testis. Highest levels of expression in placenta, pancreas, thymus and testis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with TIMELESS: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for TIMELESS Gene

Orthologs for TIMELESS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TIMELESS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TIMELESS 35
  • 99.64 (n)
  • 99.67 (a)
TIMELESS 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TIMELESS 35
  • 87.16 (n)
  • 88.89 (a)
TIMELESS 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TIMELESS 35
  • 87.39 (n)
  • 87.53 (a)
TIMELESS 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Timeless 35
  • 82.61 (n)
  • 83.75 (a)
Timeless 16
Timeless 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TIMELESS 36
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TIMELESS 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Timeless 35
  • 82.43 (n)
  • 82.57 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 23 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TIMELESS 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.29613 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.20461 35
timeless 35
  • 66.27 (n)
  • 70.14 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii timeless 35
  • 63.71 (n)
  • 65.02 (a)
timeless 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010787 35
  • 45.81 (n)
  • 33.65 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta tim 36
  • 14 (a)
OneToMany
timeout 35
  • 47.47 (n)
  • 36.53 (a)
timeout 36
  • 30 (a)
OneToMany
timeout 37
  • 33 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea tim-1 36
  • 21 (a)
OneToOne
Y75B8A.22 37
  • 28 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.3465 36
  • 42 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for TIMELESS:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TIMELESS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TIMELESS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TIMELESS (if available)

Paralogs for TIMELESS Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for TIMELESS Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TIMELESS: view

No data available for Paralogs for TIMELESS Gene

Variants for TIMELESS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TIMELESS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs703829 -- 56,429,838(+) GGATC(C/T)ACAAT intron-variant
rs774026 -- 56,428,214(+) TTTCT(A/G)CATTG intron-variant
rs774027 - 56,428,594(+) AGATA(A/T)GTCCA reference, missense
rs774028 -- 56,428,857(+) TCACT(C/G)TATCT intron-variant
rs774029 -- 56,429,533(+) cttgc(A/G)ctgtc intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TIMELESS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv482992 CNV Complex 15286789
esv2745927 CNV Deletion 23290073

Relevant External Links for TIMELESS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TIMELESS

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TIMELESS Gene

Disorders for TIMELESS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (5) Diseases for TIMELESS Gene including...

Search for TIMELESS Gene in MalaCards »

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for TIMELESS Gene

Relevant External Links for TIMELESS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TIMELESS
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TIMELESS
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TIMELESS: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TIMELESS Gene

Publications for TIMELESS Gene

  1. Human Tim/Timeless-interacting protein, Tipin, is required for efficient progression of S phase and DNA replication checkpoint. (PMID: 17102137) Yoshizawa-Sugata N. … Masai H. (J. Biol. Chem. 2007) 3 4 23
  2. Differential association of circadian genes with mood disorders: CRY1 and NPAS2 are associated with unipolar major depression and CLOCK and VIP with bipolar disorder. (PMID: 20072116) Soria V. … Urretavizcaya M. (Neuropsychopharmacology 2010) 3 23 48
  3. Mammalian circadian autoregulatory loop: a timeless ortholog and mPer1 interact and negatively regulate CLOCK-BMAL1-induced transcription. (PMID: 9856465) Sangoram A.M. … Takahashi J.S. (Neuron 1998) 2 3 4
  4. Identification of the mammalian homologues of the Drosophila timeless gene, Timeless1. (PMID: 9891984) Koike N. … Tei H. (FEBS Lett. 1998) 3 4
  5. A polymorphism in the human timeless gene is not associated with diurnal preferences in normal adults. (PMID: 11382904) Pedrazzoli M. … Mignot E. (Sleep Res Online 2000) 3 48

Products for TIMELESS Gene

Sources for TIMELESS Gene

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