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Aliases for THPO Gene

Aliases for THPO Gene

  • Thrombopoietin 2 3
  • Myeloproliferative Leukemia Virus Oncogene Ligand 2 3 4
  • Megakaryocyte Growth And Development Factor 2 3 4
  • Megakaryocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor 2 3 4
  • C-Mpl Ligand 2 3 4
  • MGDF 3 4 6
  • Megakaryocyte Stimulating Factor 2 3
  • Prepro-Thrombopoietin 2 3
  • MPL Ligand 2 3
  • THCYT1 3 6
  • MPLLG 3 6
  • TPO 3 6
  • ML 3 4
  • Thrombopoietin Nirs Variant 1 2
  • MKCSF 3

External Ids for THPO Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for THPO Gene

  • MGDF

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for THPO Gene

  • GC03P180507
  • GC03M185083
  • GC03M185491
  • GC03M185410
  • GC03M185572
  • GC03M184089
  • GC03M181496

Summaries for THPO Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for THPO Gene

  • Megakaryocytopoiesis is the cellular development process that leads to platelet production. The main functional protein encoded by this gene is a humoral growth factor that is necessary for megakaryocyte proliferation and maturation, as well as for thrombopoiesis. This protein is the ligand for MLP/C_MPL, the product of myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene. Mutations in this gene are the cause of thrombocythemia 1. Alternative promoter usage and differential splicing result in multiple transcript variants differing in the 5' UTR and/or coding region. Multiple AUG codons upstream of the main open reading frame (ORF) have been identified, and these upstream AUGs inhibit translation of the main ORF at different extent. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]

GeneCards Summary for THPO Gene

THPO (Thrombopoietin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with THPO include thrombocythemia 1 and essential thrombocythemia. Among its related pathways are NF-KappaB Family Pathway and NF-KappaB Family Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and hormone activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for THPO Gene

  • Lineage-specific cytokine affecting the proliferation and maturation of megakaryocytes from their committed progenitor cells. It acts at a late stage of megakaryocyte development. It may be the major physiological regulator of circulating platelets

Gene Wiki entry for THPO Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for THPO Gene

Genomics for THPO Gene

Regulatory Elements for THPO Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the THPO gene promoter:

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for THPO Gene

184,371,935 bp from pter
184,379,625 bp from pter
7,691 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for THPO Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for THPO Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for THPO Gene

Proteins for THPO Gene

  • Protein details for THPO Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A1L3Y0
    • B7ZLR8
    • B9EGA8
    • Q13020
    • Q15790
    • Q15791
    • Q15792

    Protein attributes for THPO Gene

    353 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37823 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for THPO Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for THPO Gene


neXtProt entry for THPO Gene

Proteomics data for THPO Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for THPO Gene

  • Glycosylation at Ser22, Thr58, Thr131, Thr179, Thr180, Ser184, Asn197, Asn206, Thr213, Asn234, Asn255, Ser265, Asn340, and Asn348
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for THPO (Thrombopoietin/Tpo)

Protein Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for THPO Gene

Domains for THPO Gene

Gene Families for THPO Gene


Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • P40225
  • Two-domain structure with an erythropoietin-like N-terminal and a Ser/Pro/Thr-rich C-terminal
  • Belongs to the EPO/TPO family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with THPO: view

Function for THPO Gene

Molecular function for THPO Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
thrombopoietin,hematopoietic growth factor (MPL ligand),with two alternatively spliced forms expressed in fetal liver and spleen
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lineage-specific cytokine affecting the proliferation and maturation of megakaryocytes from their committed progenitor cells. It acts at a late stage of megakaryocyte development. It may be the major physiological regulator of circulating platelets

LifeMap Function Summary for THPO Gene

It affects the following cells:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for THPO Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IEA --
GO:0005179 hormone activity IEA --
GO:0008083 growth factor activity TAS 8202159
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with THPO: view

Phenotypes for THPO Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for THPO:
inferred from 2 alleles
GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for THPO:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with THPO: view

Animal Models for THPO Gene

MGI Knock Outs for THPO:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for THPO Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target THPO

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for THPO Gene

Localization for THPO Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for THPO Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for THPO Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for THPO gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for THPO Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with THPO: view

Pathways for THPO Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with THPO: view

PCR Array Products

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for THPO Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation ISS --
GO:0007275 multicellular organismal development TAS 8202159
GO:0007596 blood coagulation TAS --
GO:0008283 cell proliferation IEA --
GO:0030099 myeloid cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with THPO: view

Compounds for THPO Gene

(97) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for THPO Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
thpo 85 26
megapoietin 77.1 3
methylcellulose 66.4 5
anagrelide 64.2 10
pixy321 56.7 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with THPO: view

Transcripts for THPO Gene

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for THPO

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for THPO Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for THPO Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for THPO Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for THPO Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for THPO Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (14.7).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for THPO Gene Hs.1166

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with THPO: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Expression partners for THPO Gene

Orthologs for THPO Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for THPO Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia THPO 35
  • 86.45 (n)
  • 76.56 (a)
  • 75 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia THPO 35
  • 84.92 (n)
  • 75.89 (a)
  • 44 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Thpo 35
  • 80.59 (n)
  • 71.31 (a)
Thpo 16
Thpo 36
  • 71 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia THPO 35
  • 98.8 (n)
  • 98.2 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100910397 35
  • 84.16 (n)
  • 77.3 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia THPO 36
  • 46 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TPO 36
  • 31 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia THPO 36
  • 29 (a)
Species with no ortholog for THPO:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for THPO Gene

Gene Tree for THPO (if available)
Gene Tree for THPO (if available)

Paralogs for THPO Gene

No data available for Paralogs for THPO Gene

Variants for THPO Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for THPO Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs6141 -- 184,372,478(-) GTCTC(A/G)TGTAC utr-variant-3-prime
rs6142 -- 184,373,361(-) GTCCC(A/C)CTAGA intron-variant
rs952982 -- 184,371,784(-) CTGAG(A/C)AAACA downstream-variant-500B
rs956732 -- 184,376,395(+) GGTGA(A/G)GAATC utr-variant-5-prime, synonymous-codon, reference
rs1042346 - 184,375,988(-) TCTCC(C/T)AACTG missense, reference

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for THPO Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv878060 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv829813 CNV Loss 17160897
esv2422400 CNV Duplication 17116639

Relevant External Links for THPO Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for THPO Gene

Disorders for THPO Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for THPO Gene (600044)


  • Thrombocythemia 1 (THCYT1) [MIM:187950]: A myeloproliferative disorder characterized by excessive platelet production, resulting in increased numbers of circulating platelets. It can be associated with spontaneous hemorrhages and thrombotic episodes. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(91) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for THPO Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
thrombocytosis 89.8 164
thrombocytopenia 88.8 253
amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, congenital 88.7 5
thrombocythemia essential 79.6 44
purpura thrombocytopenic 79 19

Genatlas disease for THPO Gene

thrombocythemia,myeloproliferative syndrome due to a sustained proliferation of megakaryocytes,resulting in thrombotic or hemorrhagic episodes and a risk of leukemia

Relevant External Links for THPO

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with THPO: view

Publications for THPO Gene

  1. An activating splice donor mutation in the thrombopoietin gene causes hereditary thrombocythaemia. (PMID: 9425899) Wiestner A. … Skoda R.C. (Nat. Genet. 1998) 3 4 23
  2. Lack of pathogenic mutations in the 5'-untranslated region of the thrombopoietin gene in patients with non-familial essential thrombocythaemia. (PMID: 11860444) Allen A.J. … Linch D.C. (Eur. J. Haematol. 2001) 3 23 48
  3. Stimulation of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis by the c-Mpl ligand. (PMID: 8202154) de Sauvage F.J. … Eaton D.L. (Nature 1994) 2 3 4
  4. A new role of thrombopoietin enhancing ex vivo expansion of endothelial precursor cells derived from AC133-positive cells. (PMID: 17827152) Kanayasu-Toyoda T. … Yamaguchi T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2007) 3 23
  5. Human thrombopoietin: gene structure, cDNA sequence, expression, and chromosomal localization. (PMID: 7809166) Foster D.C. … Lok S. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1994) 3 4

Products for THPO Gene

Sources for THPO Gene

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