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Aliases for TGM6 Gene

Aliases for TGM6 Gene

  • Transglutaminase 6 2 3 5
  • Transglutaminase Y 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • TGase Y 3 4
  • TGase-6 3 4
  • TGM3L 3 4
  • TG6 3 4
  • TGY 3 4
  • Protein-Glutamine Gamma-Glutamyltransferase 6 3
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia 35 2
  • Transglutaminase 3-Like 2
  • Transglutaminase-3-Like 4
  • Transglutaminase-6 4
  • TGase-3-Like 4
  • DJ734P14.3 3
  • SCA35 3

External Ids for TGM6 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TGM6 Gene

  • TGM3L

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TGM6 Gene

  • GC20P002356
  • GC00U917007
  • GC20P002309

Summaries for TGM6 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TGM6 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the transglutaminase superfamily. It catalyzes the cross-linking of proteins and the conjugation of polyamines to proteins. Mutations in this gene are associated with spinocerebellar ataxia type 35 (SCA35). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

GeneCards Summary for TGM6 Gene

TGM6 (Transglutaminase 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TGM6 include Spinocerebellar Ataxia 35 and Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type35. GO annotations related to this gene include protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TGM3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGM6 Gene

  • Catalyzes the cross-linking of proteins and the conjugation of polyamines to proteins.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TGM6 Gene

Genomics for TGM6 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TGM6 Gene

Enhancers for TGM6 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH20F002351 0.5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.5 -28.7 -28711 0.8 ARID4B ZNF48 ZSCAN9 RAD21 ZNF143 MIXL1 THAP11 ZNF362 ZNF654 NFYC TGM6 SNORD119 TGM3 GC20M002343 GC20P002353
GH20F002330 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 11.7 -50.6 -50608 0.6 OSR2 RFX1 MAX ZBTB8A ZIC2 MYC ZNF423 TGM6 TGM3 GC20M002343 GC20P002313
GH20F002312 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.4 -66.4 -66361 3.2 FEZF1 GLIS2 GATA2 FOS MBD2 SMARCA4 ZSCAN16 GLIS1 MYNN HMBOX1 TGM6 SIRPA GC20P002313 GC20M002343
GH20F002224 0.4 ENCODE 11.2 -156.6 -156554 0.7 STAT1 TGM3 TGM6 GC20P002217
GH20F002236 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 -143.7 -143748 1.7 CTCF BHLHE40 RAD21 GABPA NR2F2 ZNF366 IKZF1 FOXP2 ETV6 FOS TGM3 TGM6 GC20P002217
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TGM6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TGM6 Gene

2,380,908 bp from pter
2,432,753 bp from pter
51,846 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TGM6 Gene

Genes around TGM6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TGM6 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TGM6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TGM6 Gene

Proteins for TGM6 Gene

  • Protein details for TGM6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase 6
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5JXU4
    • Q5JXU5
    • Q719M2
    • Q719M3
    • Q9Y4U8

    Protein attributes for TGM6 Gene

    706 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    79312 Da
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for TGM6 Gene


neXtProt entry for TGM6 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for TGM6 Gene


Post-translational modifications for TGM6 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TGM6 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for TGM6 Gene

Gene Families for TGM6 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TGM6 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the transglutaminase superfamily. Transglutaminase family.
  • Belongs to the transglutaminase superfamily. Transglutaminase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TGM6: view

Function for TGM6 Gene

Molecular function for TGM6 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Protein glutamine + alkylamine = protein N(5)-alkylglutamine + NH(3).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the cross-linking of proteins and the conjugation of polyamines to proteins.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TGM6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TGM6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003810 protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase activity IDA 23206699
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016746 transferase activity, transferring acyl groups IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGM6: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TGM6: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TGM6 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for TGM6 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TGM6:
  • Tgm6 tm1a(KOMP)Wtsi

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TGM6 Gene

Localization for TGM6 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGM6 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TGM6 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TGM6 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 3
endoplasmic reticulum 1
golgi apparatus 1
lysosome 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TGM6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 23206699
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGM6: view

Pathways & Interactions for TGM6 Gene

SuperPathways for TGM6 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TGM6 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000202625 O95932-TGM3L_HUMAN for TGM6 Gene via STRING IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TGM6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0018149 peptide cross-linking IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGM6: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TGM6 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TGM6 Gene

(2) Drugs for TGM6 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Glutamine Approved, Investigational Nutra Full agonist, Agonist, Enzyme, substrate 0
calcium Nutra 0

(1) Additional Compounds for TGM6 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Ammonia anhydrous
  • Ammonia inhalant
  • Ammonia solution strong [usan]
  • Ammonia water
  • Ammoniak
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TGM6: view

Transcripts for TGM6 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TGM6 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TGM6 Gene

Transglutaminase 6:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TGM6 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for TGM6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TGM6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for TGM6 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TGM6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x39.7) and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x7.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TGM6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipocyte (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for TGM6 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TGM6 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TGM6 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TGM6 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TGM6: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TGM6 Gene

Orthologs for TGM6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TGM6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TGM6 34 35
  • 98.54 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TGM6 34 35
  • 88.16 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TGM6 34 35
  • 87.68 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tgm6 34 16 35
  • 84.8 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tgm6 34
  • 84.78 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TGM6 35
  • 77 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 45 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TGM6 34 35
  • 62.52 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TGM6 35
  • 47 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC101730677 34
  • 56.21 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC559691 34
  • 53.45 (n)
tgm8 35
  • 42 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TGM6 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TGM6 Gene

Gene Tree for TGM6 (if available)
Gene Tree for TGM6 (if available)

Paralogs for TGM6 Gene

Paralogs for TGM6 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for TGM6 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TGM6: view

Variants for TGM6 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TGM6 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs201964784 Spinocerebellar ataxia 35 (SCA35) [MIM:613908], Pathogenic 2,417,423(+) GCCAC(C/G)ACCTG reference, missense
rs372250159 Spinocerebellar ataxia 35 (SCA35) [MIM:613908], Pathogenic 2,395,343(+) TTGGC(C/T)GCTAC reference, missense
rs387907097 Spinocerebellar ataxia 35 (SCA35) [MIM:613908], Pathogenic 2,417,445(+) GTGCT(G/T)GGCCA reference, missense
rs387907098 Spinocerebellar ataxia 35 (SCA35) [MIM:613908], Pathogenic 2,400,435(+) AGAAG(A/G)CAGCA reference, missense
rs793888526 Pathogenic 2,430,489(+) AAAGA(-/AGA)CCTGA cds-indel

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TGM6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2758778 CNV gain 17122850
esv3303643 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3309732 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3393624 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3438037 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3440700 CNV insertion 20981092
esv34630 CNV gain 17911159
esv3644998 CNV gain 21293372
nsv458850 CNV gain 19166990
nsv470535 CNV gain 18288195
nsv585263 CNV gain 21841781
nsv585264 CNV loss 21841781
nsv828671 CNV gain 20364138
nsv9781 CNV gain+loss 18304495

Variation tolerance for TGM6 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 99.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.48; 71.68% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TGM6 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGM6 Gene

Disorders for TGM6 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for TGM6 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
spinocerebellar ataxia 35
  • spinocerebellar ataxia type 35
spinocerebellar ataxia type35
  • spinocerebellar ataxia 35
acute myeloid leukemia, flt3-related
  • leukemia, acute myeloid
inherited acute myeloid leukemia
  • familial aml
acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation
  • acute myeloid leukemia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TGM6 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 35 (SCA35) [MIM:613908]: A form of spinocerebellar ataxia, a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of cerebellar disorders. Patients show progressive incoordination of gait and often poor coordination of hands, speech and eye movements, due to degeneration of the cerebellum with variable involvement of the brainstem and spinal cord. SCA35 patients commonly show upper limb involvement and torticollis. There is no cognitive impairment. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21106500, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22554020, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23206699, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25253745}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for TGM6

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TGM6: view

No data available for Genatlas for TGM6 Gene

Publications for TGM6 Gene

  1. TGM6 identified as a novel causative gene of spinocerebellar ataxias using exome sequencing. (PMID: 21106500) Wang J.L. … Tang B.S. (Brain 2010) 2 3 4 64
  2. Spinocerebellar ataxia 35: Novel mutations in TGM6 with clinical and genetic characterization. (PMID: 25253745) Guo Y.C. … Soong B.W. (Neurology 2014) 3 4 64
  3. Whole exome sequencing identifies a novel mutation in the transglutaminase 6 gene for spinocerebellar ataxia in a Chinese family. (PMID: 22554020) Li M. … Sham P.C. (Clin. Genet. 2013) 3 4 64
  4. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 35 (SCA35)-associated transglutaminase 6 mutants sensitize cells to apoptosis. (PMID: 23206699) Guan W.J. … Tang B.S. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2013) 3 4 64
  5. Autoantibodies in gluten ataxia recognize a novel neuronal transglutaminase. (PMID: 18825674) Hadjivassiliou M. … Aeschlimann D. (Ann. Neurol. 2008) 3 22 64

Products for TGM6 Gene

Sources for TGM6 Gene

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