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Aliases for TGFB2 Gene

Aliases for TGFB2 Gene

  • Transforming Growth Factor Beta 2 2 3 5
  • Glioblastoma-Derived T-Cell Suppressor Factor 3 4
  • Prepro-Transforming Growth Factor Beta-2 2 3
  • BSC-1 Cell Growth Inhibitor 3 4
  • Polyergin 3 4
  • Cetermin 3 4
  • G-TSF 3 4
  • Transforming Growth Factor, Beta 2 2
  • Transforming Growth Factor Beta-2 3
  • TGF-Beta-2 4
  • TGF-Beta2 3
  • LDS4 3

External Ids for TGFB2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TGFB2 Gene

  • GC01P217194
  • GC01P214364
  • GC01P215122
  • GC01P215576
  • GC01P214908
  • GC01P216586
  • GC01P218519
  • GC01P189187

Summaries for TGFB2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TGFB2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a secreted ligand of the TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) superfamily of proteins. Ligands of this family bind various TGF-beta receptors leading to recruitment and activation of SMAD family transcription factors that regulate gene expression. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate a latency-associated peptide (LAP) and a mature peptide, and is found in either a latent form composed of a mature peptide homodimer, a LAP homodimer, and a latent TGF-beta binding protein, or in an active form consisting solely of the mature peptide homodimer. The mature peptide may also form heterodimers with other TGF-beta family members. Disruption of the TGF-beta/SMAD pathway has been implicated in a variety of human cancers. A chromosomal translocation that includes this gene is associated with Peters' anomaly, a congenital defect of the anterior chamber of the eye. Mutations in this gene may be associated with Loeys-Dietz syndrome. This gene encodes multiple isoforms that may undergo similar proteolytic processing. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2016]

GeneCards Summary for TGFB2 Gene

TGFB2 (Transforming Growth Factor Beta 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TGFB2 include Loeys-Dietz Syndrome 4 and Tgfb2-Related Loeys-Dietz Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Response to elevated platelet cytosolic Ca2+ and ECM proteoglycans. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is TGFB3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGFB2 Gene

  • TGF-beta 2 has suppressive effects on interleukin-2 dependent T-cell growth.

Gene Wiki entry for TGFB2 Gene

Additional gene information for TGFB2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TGFB2 Gene

Genomics for TGFB2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TGFB2 Gene

Enhancers for TGFB2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01H218472 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 24.9 +132.9 132873 10.5 PKNOX1 FOXA2 NFIB SIN3A BMI1 ZBTB40 ZEB1 RFX5 ZNF366 RCOR1 TGFB2 C1orf143 TGFB2-AS1 RRP15 GC01P218475 GC01P218504
GH01H218487 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 24.9 +143.5 143525 3.6 SMARCA5 PKNOX1 ZNF362 NFIB JUN YBX1 ZNF384 BMI1 FOXA1 ZNF217 TGFB2 C1orf143 TGFB2-AS1 GC01P218475 GC01P218504
GH01H218373 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.6 +30.5 30520 4.6 FOXA2 SIN3A FEZF1 BRCA1 GLIS2 FOS RUNX3 SP3 JUNB TSHZ1 RRP15 TGFB2 TGFB2-AS1 C1orf143 GC01M218380
GH01H218465 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 +121.7 121697 2.1 TGFB2 C1orf143 TGFB2-AS1 GC01P218475 TGFB2-OT1
GH01H218493 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.8 +151.8 151774 6.6 TBP PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 BMI1 RAD21 ZBTB7B RFX5 ZEB1 ATF7 TGFB2 GC01P218504 GC01P218475
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TGFB2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TGFB2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000020131 1966 4601 PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 GLI4 ZNF2 TCF12 GLIS2 GATA2 ATF7 SP3

Genomic Locations for TGFB2 Gene

Genomic Locations for TGFB2 Gene
99,286 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TGFB2 Gene

Genes around TGFB2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TGFB2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TGFB2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TGFB2 Gene

Proteins for TGFB2 Gene

  • Protein details for TGFB2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Transforming growth factor beta-2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DKC5
    • P08112
    • Q15579
    • Q15581
    • Q4VAV9

    Protein attributes for TGFB2 Gene

    414 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    47748 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked (By similarity). Heterodimers with TGFB1 and with TGFB3 have been found in bone (By similarity). Interacts with the serine proteases, HTRA1 and HTRA3 (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide interacts with NREP; the interaction results in a decrease in TGFB2 autoinduction (By similarity). Interacts with ASPN. Interacts with MFAP5 (By similarity).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TGFB2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TGFB2 Gene


neXtProt entry for TGFB2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TGFB2 Gene

  • The precursor is cleaved into mature TGF-beta-2 and LAP, which remains non-covalently linked to mature TGF-beta-2 rendering it inactive.
  • Glycosylation at Asn72, posLast=140140, and posLast=241241
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TGFB2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TGFB2 (TGFB2)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TGFB2 Gene

Domains & Families for TGFB2 Gene

Gene Families for TGFB2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TGFB2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TGFB2: view

Function for TGFB2 Gene

Molecular function for TGFB2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
transforming growth factor,beta 2,152.6kDa,homodimerizing,expressed by fibroblast,platelet,monocyte,chondrocyte,osteoblasts,including the latency associated peptide (LAP),inhibitor of epithelial cell growth and inductor of extracellular matrix formation
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
TGF-beta 2 has suppressive effects on interleukin-2 dependent T-cell growth.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TGFB2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TGFB2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001540 beta-amyloid binding IDA 16227582
GO:0004702 signal transducer, downstream of receptor, with serine/threonine kinase activity IDA --
GO:0005102 receptor binding IMP 16227582
GO:0005114 type II transforming growth factor beta receptor binding IPI 1333888
GO:0005125 cytokine activity TAS 9611771
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGFB2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TGFB2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TGFB2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for TGFB2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TGFB2:

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TGFB2 Gene

Localization for TGFB2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGFB2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TGFB2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TGFB2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS 2119582
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 24263861
GO:0030424 axon ISS --
GO:0031012 extracellular matrix IDA 18049952
GO:0031093 platelet alpha granule lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGFB2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TGFB2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TGFB2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TGFB2: view

Pathways by source for TGFB2 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for TGFB2 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TGFB2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000902 cell morphogenesis IDA 15896309
GO:0001501 skeletal system development ISS --
GO:0001525 angiogenesis TAS 9611771
GO:0001654 eye development IDA 15944186
GO:0001666 response to hypoxia IMP 12411310
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGFB2: view

Drugs & Compounds for TGFB2 Gene

(44) Drugs for TGFB2 Gene - From: ApexBio, DGIdb, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
ITD 1 Pharma The first selective TGFβ inhibitor 0
Belagenpumatucel-L Pharma Vaccine Vaccines 0
Trabedersen Pharma 3

(34) Additional Compounds for TGFB2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(1) ApexBio Compounds for TGFB2 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
ITD 1 The first selective TGFβ inhibitor 1099644-42-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TGFB2: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for TGFB2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TGFB2 Gene

Transforming growth factor, beta 2:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TGFB2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -

Relevant External Links for TGFB2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TGFB2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TGFB2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TGFB2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Minor Salivary Gland (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TGFB2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Amniocyte (32.9), Ovary (11.6), Bone (9.5), and Breast (6.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for TGFB2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TGFB2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TGFB2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TGFB2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Lung(4.5)
  • Eye(2.9)
  • Blood(2.7)
  • Heart(2.7)
  • Kidney(2.7)
  • Muscle(2.7)
  • Skin(2.4)
  • Bone(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TGFB2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • chin
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • meninges
  • mouth
  • pharynx
  • skull
  • aorta
  • chest wall
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • sternum
  • abdominal wall
  • intestine
  • pelvis
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TGFB2: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TGFB2 Gene

Orthologs for TGFB2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TGFB2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TGFB2 34 33
  • 99.85 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TGFBETA2 34
  • 99 (a)
TGFB2 33
  • 94.72 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TGFB2 34
  • 95 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TGFB2 34 33
  • 93.88 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tgfb2 34 16 33
  • 89.21 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tgfb2 33
  • 89.06 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TGFB2 34
  • 79 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TGFB2 34 33
  • 85.19 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TGFB2 34
  • 81 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tgfb2 33
  • 76.8 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia tgfb2-A 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tgfb2 34 33
  • 71.61 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta daw 34
  • 15 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 38 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TGFB2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TGFB2 Gene

Gene Tree for TGFB2 (if available)
Gene Tree for TGFB2 (if available)

Paralogs for TGFB2 Gene

Paralogs for TGFB2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for TGFB2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TGFB2: view

Variants for TGFB2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TGFB2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs387907278 Pathogenic, Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4) [MIM:614816] 218,437,423(+) CGAAC(A/C)CAAAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs863223792 Likely pathogenic, Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4) [MIM:614816] 218,436,110(+) ACCGG(C/T)GGAAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs869312903 Pathogenic, Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4) [MIM:614816] 218,436,119(+) AGAAG(A/C/T)GTGCT nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs398122883 Pathogenic 218,346,995(+) GAGTA(-/CTACGCCAAGGAGGT)TTACA nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, cds-indel
rs398122884 Pathogenic 218,437,431(+) AAGGG(-/TACAA)TGCCA nc-transcript-variant, reference, frameshift-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TGFB2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv832603 CNV gain 17160897
esv3578440 CNV loss 25503493
esv2723040 CNV deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for TGFB2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.72; 15.35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TGFB2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGFB2 Gene

Disorders for TGFB2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(46) MalaCards diseases for TGFB2 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
loeys-dietz syndrome 4
  • loeys-dietz syndrome type 4
tgfb2-related loeys-dietz syndrome
  • loeys-dietz syndrome type 4
holt-oram syndrome
  • atrio-digital syndrome
loeys-dietz syndrome
  • loeys-dietz aortic aneurysm syndrome
breast cyst
  • cyst of the breast
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TGFB2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4) [MIM:614816]: An aortic aneurysm syndrome with widespread systemic involvement. LDS4 is characterized by arterial tortuosity, aortic dissection, intracranial aneurysm and subarachnoid hemorrhage, hypertelorism, bifid uvula, pectus deformity, bicuspid aortic valve, arachnodactyly, scoliosis, foot deformities, dural ectasia, joint hyperflexibility, and thin skin with easy bruising and striae. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22772368}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving TGFB2 is found in a family with Peters anomaly. Translocation t(1;7)(q41;p21) with HDAC9. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12706107}.
  • Note=Defects in TGFB2 may be a cause of non-syndromic aortic disease (NSAD). NSAD is a frequently asymptomatic but potentially lethal disease characterized by thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections without additional syndromic features. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25046559}.

Relevant External Links for TGFB2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TGFB2: view

No data available for Genatlas for TGFB2 Gene

Publications for TGFB2 Gene

  1. Sclera-related gene polymorphisms in high myopia. (PMID: 19710942) Lin HJ … Tsai FJ (Molecular vision 2009) 3 22 45 60
  2. Transforming growth factor-12 polymorphism and systemic lupus erythematosus. (PMID: 12064833) Alansari A … Ollier W (The Journal of rheumatology 2002) 3 22 45 60
  3. Whole exome sequencing for the identification of a new mutation in TGFB2 involved in a familial case of non-syndromic aortic disease. (PMID: 25046559) Gago-Díaz M … Brion M (Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 2014) 3 4 60
  4. Loss-of-function mutations in TGFB2 cause a syndromic presentation of thoracic aortic aneurysm. (PMID: 22772368) Lindsay ME … Loeys BL (Nature genetics 2012) 3 4 60
  5. Genome-wide association and large-scale follow up identifies 16 new loci influencing lung function. (PMID: 21946350) Soler Artigas M … Tobin MD (Nature genetics 2011) 3 45 60

Products for TGFB2 Gene

Sources for TGFB2 Gene

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