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Aliases for TFAP2A Gene

Aliases for TFAP2A Gene

  • Transcription Factor AP-2 Alpha (Activating Enhancer Binding Protein 2 Alpha) 2 3
  • AP2TF 3 4 6
  • Activating Enhancer-Binding Protein 2-Alpha 3 4
  • AP-2 Transcription Factor 3 4
  • Activator Protein 2 3 4
  • AP2-ALPHA 3 4
  • TFAP2 3 4
  • BOFS 3 6
  • AP-2 3 4
  • Transcription Factor AP-2 Alpha (Activating Enhancer-Binding Protein 2 Alpha) 2
  • Transcription Factor AP-2-Alpha 3
  • AP-2alpha 3

External Ids for TFAP2A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TFAP2A Gene

  • TFAP2
  • AP2TF

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TFAP2A Gene

  • GC06M010455
  • GC06M010506
  • GC06M010503
  • GC06M010272

Summaries for TFAP2A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TFAP2A Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a transcription factor that binds the consensus sequence 5'-GCCNNNGGC-3'. The encoded protein functions as either a homodimer or as a heterodimer with similar family members. This protein activates the transcription of some genes while inhibiting the transcription of others. Defects in this gene are a cause of branchiooculofacial syndrome (BOFS). Three transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]

GeneCards Summary for TFAP2A Gene

TFAP2A (Transcription Factor AP-2 Alpha (Activating Enhancer Binding Protein 2 Alpha)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TFAP2A include branchiooculofacial syndrome and ectopic thymus. Among its related pathways are Neural Crest Differentiation and Apoptosis and survival Caspase cascade. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is TFAP2E.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TFAP2A Gene

  • Sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that interacts with inducible viral and cellular enhancer elements to regulate transcription of selected genes. AP-2 factors bind to the consensus sequence 5-GCCNNNGGC-3 and activate genes involved in a large spectrum of important biological functions including proper eye, face, body wall, limb and neural tube development. They also suppress a number of genes including MCAM/MUC18, C/EBP alpha and MYC. AP-2-alpha is the only AP-2 protein required for early morphogenesis of the lens vesicle. Together with the CITED2 coactivator, stimulates the PITX2 P1 promoter transcription activation. Associates with chromatin to the PITX2 P1 promoter region.

Gene Wiki entry for TFAP2A Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TFAP2A Gene

Genomics for TFAP2A Gene

Regulatory Elements for TFAP2A Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TFAP2A gene promoter:

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for TFAP2A Gene

Start:
10,393,186 bp from pter
End:
10,419,659 bp from pter
Size:
26,474 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TFAP2A Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TFAP2A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TFAP2A Gene

Proteins for TFAP2A Gene

  • Protein details for TFAP2A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P05549-AP2A_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Transcription factor AP-2-alpha
    Protein Accession:
    P05549
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q13777
    • Q5TAV5
    • Q8N1C6

    Protein attributes for TFAP2A Gene

    Size:
    437 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    48062 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds DNA as a dimer. Can form homodimers or heterodimers with other AP-2 family members. Interacts with WWOX. Interacts with CITED4. Interacts with UBE2I. Interacts with RALBP1 in a complex also containing EPN1 and NUMB during interphase and mitosis. Interacts with KCTD1; this interaction represses transcription activation. Interacts (via C-terminus) with CITED2 (via C-terminus); the interaction stimulates TFAP2A-transcriptional activation. Interacts (via N-terminus) with EP300 (via N-terminus); the interaction requires CITED2. Interacts with KCTD15; this interaction inhibits TFAP2A transcriptional activation.

    Alternative splice isoforms for TFAP2A Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TFAP2A Gene

Proteomics data for TFAP2A Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TFAP2A Gene

  • Sumoylated on Lys-10; which inhibits transcriptional activity.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TFAP2A (AP-2 alpha)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TFAP2A Gene

Domains for TFAP2A Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P05549

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

AP2A_HUMAN :
  • P05549
Domain:
  • The WW-binding motif mediates interaction with WWOX.
Family:
  • Belongs to the AP-2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TFAP2A: view

No data available for Gene Families for TFAP2A Gene

Function for TFAP2A Gene

Molecular function for TFAP2A Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
transcription factor 2,AP-2 alpha,retinoic acid responsive gene,52 kDa,regulating the expression of genes required for development of tissues of ectodermal origin,activating CDKN1A (WAF1) and other genes such as MCAM,MMP2,involved in the progression of human melanoma and potentially involved in anterior eye chamber development
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that interacts with inducible viral and cellular enhancer elements to regulate transcription of selected genes. AP-2 factors bind to the consensus sequence 5-GCCNNNGGC-3 and activate genes involved in a large spectrum of important biological functions including proper eye, face, body wall, limb and neural tube development. They also suppress a number of genes including MCAM/MUC18, C/EBP alpha and MYC. AP-2-alpha is the only AP-2 protein required for early morphogenesis of the lens vesicle. Together with the CITED2 coactivator, stimulates the PITX2 P1 promoter transcription activation. Associates with chromatin to the PITX2 P1 promoter region.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TFAP2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000976 transcription regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 18718911
GO:0000977 RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding --
GO:0000978 RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 21084835
GO:0000979 RNA polymerase II core promoter sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 7555706
GO:0000980 RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TFAP2A: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TFAP2A: view

Animal Models for TFAP2A Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TFAP2A:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for TFAP2A Gene

Transcription Factor Targeting for TFAP2A Gene

Selected GeneGlobe predicted Target genes for TFAP2A
Targeting motifs for TFAP2A Gene
HOMER Transcription Factor Regulatory Elements motif TFAP2A
  • Consensus sequence: ATGCCCTGAGGC Submotif: canonical Cell Type: Hela GeoId: GSE31477

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TFAP2A

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for TFAP2A Gene

Localization for TFAP2A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TFAP2A Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TFAP2A Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TFAP2A gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 4
golgi apparatus 4
cytosol 2
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TFAP2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IMP 12586840
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA --
GO:0005813 centrosome IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TFAP2A: view

Pathways for TFAP2A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TFAP2A: view

Pathways by source for TFAP2A Gene

PCR Array Products

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TFAP2A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA 20066163
GO:0001822 kidney development IMP 21204207
GO:0001843 neural tube closure --
GO:0002089 lens morphogenesis in camera-type eye --
GO:0003151 outflow tract morphogenesis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TFAP2A: view

Compounds for TFAP2A Gene

(94) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for TFAP2A Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
ryudocan 59.6 1
manganese superoxide 48 1
glycerol 3-phosphate 47.4 7
chloramphenicol 45 3
pioglitazone 44.2 5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TFAP2A: view

Transcripts for TFAP2A Gene

Unigene Clusters for TFAP2A Gene

Transcription factor AP-2 alpha (activating enhancer binding protein 2 alpha):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TFAP2A

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TFAP2A Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TFAP2A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TFAP2A
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TFAP2A

Expression for TFAP2A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TFAP2A Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TFAP2A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (12.5), Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (12.3), Esophagus - Mucosa (6.6), and Minor Salivary Gland (4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for TFAP2A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Placenta (57.6) and Adipocyte (6.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TFAP2A Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TFAP2A Gene Hs.519880

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with TFAP2A: view

Expression partners for TFAP2A Gene

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TFAP2A Gene

Orthologs for TFAP2A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TFAP2A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TFAP2A 35
  • 96.49 (n)
  • 98.86 (a)
TFAP2A 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC488213 35
  • 96.49 (n)
  • 99.08 (a)
TFAP2A 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tfap2a 35
  • 94.43 (n)
  • 98.63 (a)
Tfap2a 16
Tfap2a 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TFAP2A 35
  • 99.92 (n)
  • 100 (a)
TFAP2A 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tfap2a 35
  • 94.23 (n)
  • 98.82 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TFAP2A 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TFAP2A 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TFAP2A 35
  • 86.12 (n)
  • 93.59 (a)
TFAP2A 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TFAP2A 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia TFAP2A 35
tfap2a 35
  • 80.11 (n)
  • 92.63 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia tfap2a-A-prov 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tfap2a 35
  • 76.12 (n)
  • 87.44 (a)
tfap2a 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.7775 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta AP-2 37
  • 50 (a)
AP-2 35
  • 57.24 (n)
  • 55.06 (a)
AP-2 36
  • 43 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011625 35
  • 59.84 (n)
  • 62.31 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea K06A1.1 37
  • 50 (a)
aptf-1 36
  • 37 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for TFAP2A:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TFAP2A Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TFAP2A (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TFAP2A (if available)

Paralogs for TFAP2A Gene

Paralogs for TFAP2A Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for TFAP2A Gene using alignment to 9 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TFAP2A: view

Variants for TFAP2A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TFAP2A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs303047 -- 10,396,548(+) GGGGG(A/G)GCTGT downstream-variant-500B
rs303048 -- 10,398,749(-) GCCCA(A/T)AGTGG intron-variant
rs303049 -- 10,399,924(-) ACACA(C/G)ACAGA intron-variant
rs303050 -- 10,402,950(+) TTTTC(C/T)CTGCT intron-variant
rs303051 -- 10,403,963(-) CATGC(C/T)TTCCG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TFAP2A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2667708 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for TFAP2A Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TFAP2A
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TFAP2A

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TFAP2A Gene

Disorders for TFAP2A Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for TFAP2A Gene (107580)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

AP2A_HUMAN
  • Branchiooculofacial syndrome (BOFS) [MIM:113620]: A syndrome characterized by growth retardation, bilateral branchial sinus defects with hemangiomatous, scarred skin, cleft lip with or without cleft palate, pseudocleft of the upper lip, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, low set ears with posterior rotation, a malformed, asymmetrical nose with a broad bridge and flattened tip, conductive or sensorineural deafness, ocular and renal anomalies. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18423521}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(4) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for TFAP2A Gene

(65) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for TFAP2A Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
choriocarcinoma 55.8 6
teratocarcinoma 44.2 4
melanoma 37 78
carcinoma non-small cell lung 34.7 1
breast cancer 34.4 57

Relevant External Links for TFAP2A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TFAP2A
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TFAP2A
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TFAP2A: view

No data available for Genatlas for TFAP2A Gene

Publications for TFAP2A Gene

  1. Characterization of a dimerization motif in AP-2 and its function in heterologous DNA-binding proteins. (PMID: 1998122) Williams T. … Tjian R. (Science 1991) 3 4 23
  2. Analysis of the DNA-binding and activation properties of the human transcription factor AP-2. (PMID: 2010091) Williams T. … Tjian R. (Genes Dev. 1991) 3 4 23
  3. An alternatively spliced mRNA from the AP-2 gene encodes a negative regulator of transcriptional activation by AP-2. (PMID: 8321221) Buettner R. … Tainsky M.A. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1993) 3 4 23
  4. The genomic structure of the human AP-2 transcription factor. (PMID: 8190633) Bauer R. … Buettner R. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1994) 3 4 23
  5. Cloning and expression of AP-2, a cell-type-specific transcription factor that activates inducible enhancer elements. (PMID: 3063603) Williams T. … Tjian R. (Genes Dev. 1988) 2 3 4

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