Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for TEX19 Gene

Aliases for TEX19 Gene

  • Testis Expressed 19 2 3 5

External Ids for TEX19 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TEX19 Gene

  • GC17P077911
  • GC17P080317
  • GC17P075715

Summaries for TEX19 Gene

GeneCards Summary for TEX19 Gene

TEX19 (Testis Expressed 19) is a Protein Coding gene.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TEX19 Gene

  • Required during spermatogenesis and placenta development, probably by participating in the repression of retrotransposable elements and prevent their mobilization.

Additional gene information for TEX19 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TEX19 Gene

Genomics for TEX19 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TEX19 Gene

Enhancers for TEX19 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17H082291 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 25.5 -60.6 -60614 14.7 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YBX1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC CSNK1D HGS ENSG00000260563 NARF-IT1 ALYREF FAAP100 TEX19 ENSG00000262652 ARL2BPP9 DUS1L
GH17H082278 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 24.8 -80.0 -79986 1.6 L3MBTL2 NR4A1 HLF MAX MNT REST ZIC2 RELA ZNF592 POLR2A TEX19 SLC16A3 CCDC57 SECTM1 GC17P082279 CSNK1D
GH17H082343 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 16.8 -13.7 -13721 3.6 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ARID4B DMAP1 SLC30A9 ZNF766 CBX5 PAF1 TEX19 TBCD OGFOD3 ENSG00000263321 ENSG00000262663 RFNG FAAP100 UTS2R HEXDC ENSG00000260011
GH17H082281 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.8 -76.5 -76460 2.7 HDGF ARNT ZNF493 YBX1 GLI4 ZNF48 ZBTB7B GLIS2 ELK1 ZNF207 TBCD FAAP100 OGFOD3 ENSG00000260563 ENSG00000262877 NARF-IT1 ENSG00000262652 ENSG00000265678 ARL2BPP9 GPS1
GH17H082332 1.6 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 15.3 -25.3 -25324 3.7 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 FOXA2 ARNT SIN3A TCF12 GLIS2 ATF7 SP3 SECTM1 TBCD TEX19 CCDC57 GPS1 ENSG00000263321 ENSG00000265678 ARL16 RFNG ENSG00000260011
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TEX19 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for TEX19 Gene

Genomic Locations for TEX19 Gene
4,530 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TEX19 Gene

Genes around TEX19 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TEX19 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TEX19 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TEX19 Gene

Proteins for TEX19 Gene

  • Protein details for TEX19 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Testis-expressed protein 19
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for TEX19 Gene

    164 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    18469 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for TEX19 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TEX19 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TEX19 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TEX19 Gene

Domains & Families for TEX19 Gene

Gene Families for TEX19 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for TEX19 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TEX19 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TEX19: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TEX19 Gene

Function for TEX19 Gene

Molecular function for TEX19 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Required during spermatogenesis and placenta development, probably by participating in the repression of retrotransposable elements and prevent their mobilization.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Down-regulated by gonadotropin suppression sufficient to cause marked suppression of spermatogenesis and additionally progestogen treatment.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for TEX19 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TEX19 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 28806172
GO:0034584 piRNA binding ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TEX19: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TEX19: view

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TEX19 Gene

Localization for TEX19 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TEX19 Gene

Cytoplasm. Note=Cytoplasmic localization is distinct from the meiotic nuage, also named P granule, a germ-cell-specific organelle required to repress transposon activity during meiosis. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TEX19 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TEX19 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TEX19: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TEX19 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TEX19 Gene

SuperPathways for TEX19 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for TEX19 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q8NA77-TEX19_HUMAN for TEX19 Gene via IID

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TEX19 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007131 reciprocal meiotic recombination ISS --
GO:0007140 male meiosis ISS --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA,ISS --
GO:0010529 negative regulation of transposition IDA 28806172
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TEX19: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TEX19 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TEX19 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TEX19 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TEX19 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TEX19 Gene

Testis expressed 19:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TEX19 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TEX19 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TEX19 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TEX19 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TEX19 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x50.3).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TEX19 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TEX19 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TEX19 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in testis. Expressed in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TEX19 Gene

  • Nervous system(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TEX19: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TEX19 Gene

Orthologs for TEX19 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for TEX19 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TEX19 33 34
  • 99.59 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC100299732 33
  • 79.14 (n)
-- 34
  • 34 (a)
-- 34
  • 33 (a)
-- 34
  • 32 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tex19.2 33
  • 70.3 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tex19.2 33 16 34
  • 70.14 (n)
Tex19.1 34
  • 24 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TEX19 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for TEX19 Gene

Gene Tree for TEX19 (if available)
Gene Tree for TEX19 (if available)

Paralogs for TEX19 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for TEX19 Gene

Variants for TEX19 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TEX19 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000205848 -- 82,358,781(+) AAAAT(-/AG)AGTCT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1000249427 -- 82,364,081(+) TGAGA(C/T)TTCAT downstream-variant-500B
rs1000392760 -- 82,361,968(+) TGGGA(C/T)CCAGG utr-variant-5-prime
rs1002003581 -- 82,361,575(+) TTTCC(A/C/T)TCAGG intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1002380841 -- 82,359,369(+) GAAGC(A/G)GGGCC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TEX19 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv952394 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv833573 CNV loss 17160897
nsv833572 CNV loss 17160897
nsv821135 CNV deletion 20802225
nsv576207 CNV gain 21841781
nsv469561 CNV loss 16826518
nsv428351 CNV gain 18775914
nsv1132878 CNV insertion 24896259
nsv112382 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv1067194 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1059334 CNV gain 25217958
esv3641421 CNV gain 21293372
esv2762577 CNV gain+loss 21179565
esv2760445 CNV gain 21179565
esv2716490 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2716489 CNV deletion 23290073
esv21913 CNV gain+loss 19812545
esv2162612 CNV deletion 18987734
esv1367803 CNV insertion 17803354
dgv5804n54 CNV gain+loss 21841781
dgv5803n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv5802n54 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for TEX19 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 74.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.14; 38.88% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TEX19 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TEX19 Gene

Disorders for TEX19 Gene

Relevant External Links for TEX19

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for TEX19 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TEX19 Gene

Publications for TEX19 Gene

  1. Tex19, a mammalian-specific protein with a restricted expression in pluripotent stem cells and germ line. (PMID: 18096721) Kuntz S … Viville S (Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) 2008) 2 3 4 60
  2. The mammalian-specific Tex19.1 gene plays an essential role in spermatogenesis and placenta-supported development. (PMID: 23674551) Tarabay Y … Viville S (Human reproduction (Oxford, England) 2013) 2 3 60
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60
  4. Mobilization of LINE-1 retrotransposons is restricted by Tex19.1 in mouse embryonic stem cells. (PMID: 28806172) MacLennan M … Adams IR (eLife 2017) 3 60
  5. Testis expressed 19 is a novel cancer-testis antigen expressed in bladder cancer. (PMID: 26695143) Zhong J … Tang A (Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine 2016) 3 60

Products for TEX19 Gene

Sources for TEX19 Gene

Loading form....