Aliases for TBXA2R Gene
External Ids for TBXA2R Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TBXA2R Gene
This gene encodes a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family. The protein interacts with thromboxane A2 to induce platelet aggregation and regulate hemostasis. A mutation in this gene results in a bleeding disorder. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for TBXA2R Gene
TBXA2R (Thromboxane A2 Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TBXA2R include bleeding disorder, platelet-type, 13 and bleeding diathesis due to thromboxane synthesis deficiency. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling. GO annotations related to this gene include guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity and thromboxane A2 receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTGER2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBXA2R Gene
Receptor for thromboxane A2 (TXA2), a potent stimulator of platelet aggregation. The activity of this receptor is mediated by a G-protein that activates a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. In the kidney, the binding of TXA2 to glomerular TP receptors causes intense vasoconstriction. Activates phospholipase C. Isoform 1 activates adenylyl cyclase. Isoform 2 inhibits adenylyl cyclase.
Prostanoid receptors are activated by the endogenous ligands prostaglandin (PG) D2, PGE2, PGF2alpha, PGH2, prostacyclin (PGI2) and thromboxane A2. Cyclooxygenase (COX) converts arachidonic acid to PGH2, from which the other prostaglandins are synthesized. Prostanoid receptors are a family of nine G-protein-coupled receptors that have distinct tissue distributions and actions. TP receptors can be coupled to both Galphaq and Galphai. They are expressed abundantly in highly vascular tissues such as the kidney and heart, and immune-related organs such as the thymus and spleen. They mediate smooth muscle contraction and platelet aggregation.