Aliases for TBCD Gene
External Ids for TBCD Gene
Cofactor D is one of four proteins (cofactors A, D, E, and C) involved in the pathway leading to correctly folded beta-tubulin from folding intermediates. Cofactors A and D are believed to play a role in capturing and stabilizing beta-tubulin intermediates in a quasi-native confirmation. Cofactor E binds to the cofactor D/beta-tubulin complex; interaction with cofactor C then causes the release of beta-tubulin polypeptides that are committed to the native state. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for TBCD Gene
TBCD (Tubulin Folding Cofactor D) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TBCD include corneal granular dystrophy and lattice corneal dystrophy. Among its related pathways are Biosynthesis of the N-glycan precursor (dolichol lipid-linked oligosaccharide, LLO) and transfer to a nascent protein and Protein folding. GO annotations related to this gene include GTPase activator activity and beta-tubulin binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBCD Gene
Tubulin-folding protein; involved in the first step of the tubulin folding pathway. Modulates microtubule dynamics by capturing GTP-bound beta-tubulin (TUBB). Acts as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for ARL2. Its ability to interact with beta tubulin is regulated via its interaction with ARL2. Induces microtubule disruption in absence of ARL2. Increases degradation of beta tubulin, when overexpressed in polarized cells. Promotes epithelial cell detachment, a process antagonized by ARL2. Induces tight adherens and tight junctions disassembly at the lateral cell membrane.