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Aliases for TBCC Gene

Aliases for TBCC Gene

  • Tubulin Folding Cofactor C 2 3 5
  • Tubulin-Specific Chaperone C 2 3
  • CFC 3 4
  • Tubulin-Folding Cofactor C 4

External Ids for TBCC Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TBCC Gene

  • GC06M042714
  • GC06M042759
  • GC06M042820
  • GC06M042712
  • GC06M042430

Summaries for TBCC Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TBCC Gene

  • Cofactor C is one of four proteins (cofactors A, D, E, and C) involved in the pathway leading to correctly folded beta-tubulin from folding intermediates. Cofactors A and D are believed to play a role in capturing and stabilizing beta-tubulin intermediates in a quasi-native confirmation. Cofactor E binds to the cofactor D/beta-tubulin complex; interaction with cofactor C then causes the release of beta-tubulin polypeptides that are committed to the native state. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for TBCC Gene

TBCC (Tubulin Folding Cofactor C) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TBCC include Hypoparathyroidism-Retardation-Dysmorphism Syndrome and Retinitis Pigmentosa. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and Chaperonin-mediated protein folding. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include GTPase activity and chaperone binding. An important paralog of this gene is RP2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBCC Gene

  • Tubulin-folding protein; involved in the final step of the tubulin folding pathway.

Additional gene information for TBCC Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TBCC Gene

Genomics for TBCC Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for TBCC Gene

Promoters and enhancers for TBCC Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH06I042744 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 -0.4 -393 4.8 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 PIR40096 PIR49302 TBCC PIR52070 BICRAL POLH XPO5 ZNF318 RRP36 FRS3
GH06I042769 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22 -25.3 -25268 3 HDGF PKNOX1 SIN3A KLF5 ZNF207 ZNF143 ATF7 ETV6 IKZF2 RUNX3 TBCC CUL7 RPL7L1 CUL9 ABCC10 TRERF1 C6orf226 PRPH2 BICRAL GNMT
GH06I042773 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.3 -29.5 -29478 4.4 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 BATF KLF5 IRF4 ZNF121 ATF7 ETV6 FOS TBCC CUL7 RPL7L1 ABCC10 CUL9 TRERF1 BICRAL C6orf226 UBR2 LOC401261
GH06I042725 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 4 +19.0 18964 2.5 ATF1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B ZNF2 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ATP6V0CP3 GC06M042875 GC06M042878 GC06M042880 GC06M042883 GC06M042884 GC06M042885 PIR38200 PIR46521 PIR39670
GH06I042386 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4 +356.7 356743 5.6 KLF5 ZBTB40 ZFHX2 NFATC1 SCRT2 ATF7 IKZF2 RUNX3 EGR2 TRIM22 TRERF1 CCND3 TBCC UBR2 TAF8 GC06M042412 LOC105375061
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around TBCC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the TBCC gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for TBCC Gene

Genomic Locations for TBCC Gene
1,666 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for TBCC Gene

Genes around TBCC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TBCC Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TBCC Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TBCC Gene

Proteins for TBCC Gene

  • Protein details for TBCC Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Tubulin-specific chaperone C
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53Y43
    • Q5T787

    Protein attributes for TBCC Gene

    346 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39248 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Supercomplex made of cofactors A to E. Cofactors A and D function by capturing and stabilizing tubulin in a quasi-native conformation. Cofactor E binds to the cofactor D-tubulin complex; interaction with cofactor C then causes the release of tubulin polypeptides that are committed to the native state.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TBCC Gene

neXtProt entry for TBCC Gene

Post-translational modifications for TBCC Gene

Other Protein References for TBCC Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TBCC Gene

Domains & Families for TBCC Gene

Gene Families for TBCC Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TBCC Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TBCC family.
  • Belongs to the TBCC family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TBCC: view

Function for TBCC Gene

Molecular function for TBCC Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Tubulin-folding protein; involved in the final step of the tubulin folding pathway.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TBCC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003924 GTPase activity IDA 11847227
GO:0015631 tubulin binding IEA --
GO:0051087 chaperone binding TAS 8706133
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TBCC: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TBCC: view

miRNA for TBCC Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target TBCC

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TBCC Gene

Localization for TBCC Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBCC Gene

Cytoplasm. Note=Detected predominantly in the photoreceptor connecting cilium.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TBCC gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 3

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TBCC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 12417528
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton TAS 8706133
GO:0005874 microtubule TAS 8706133
GO:0032391 photoreceptor connecting cilium IDA 12417528
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TBCC: view

Pathways & Interactions for TBCC Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TBCC: view

Pathways by source for TBCC Gene

Interacting Proteins for TBCC Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q15814-TBCC_HUMAN for TBCC Gene via IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TBCC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006457 protein folding TAS 8706133
GO:0007021 tubulin complex assembly IBA --
GO:0007023 post-chaperonin tubulin folding pathway IDA,TAS 11847227
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TBCC: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TBCC Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TBCC Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for TBCC Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TBCC Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TBCC Gene

Tubulin folding cofactor C:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TBCC Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TBCC Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TBCC Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TBCC Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TBCC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (12.0) and Cervix (7.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for TBCC Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for TBCC Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TBCC Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TBCC Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TBCC Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in the retina. Expressed in the rod and cone photoreceptors, extending from the inner segments (IS), through the outer nuclear layer (ONL) and into the synapses in the outer plexiform layer (OPL). Strongly expressed to the photoreceptor connecting cilium at the tips of the IS (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for TBCC Gene

  • Lung(4.5)
  • Eye(4.2)
  • Nervous system(3.7)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TBCC: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TBCC Gene

Orthologs for TBCC Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for TBCC Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TBCC 33 34
  • 99.52 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TBCC 33 34
  • 85.99 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TBCC 33 34
  • 84.15 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tbcc 33
  • 78.82 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tbcc 33 16 34
  • 78.79 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TBCC 34
  • 64 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TBCC 34
  • 64 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TBCC 33
  • 66.1 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TBCC 34
  • 50 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tbcc 33
  • 60.34 (n)
Str.614 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.34775 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tbccl 33
  • 56.13 (n)
tbcc 34
  • 42 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1897 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG31961 33 34
  • 48.78 (n)
BcDNA:LD34582 35
  • 31 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y71H2AM.24 34
  • 20 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons POR 33
  • 44.59 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 34 (a)
Species where no ortholog for TBCC was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for TBCC Gene

Gene Tree for TBCC (if available)
Gene Tree for TBCC (if available)

Paralogs for TBCC Gene

Paralogs for TBCC Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TBCC: view

Variants for TBCC Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TBCC Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000622268 -- 42,744,361(-) C/T downstream_transcript_variant
rs1000934969 -- 42,744,556(-) A/G 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1001063165 -- 42,746,656(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1001353028 -- 42,747,486(-) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1002875511 -- 42,747,265(-) G/C upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TBCC Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3576145 CNV gain 25503493
nsv1017398 CNV gain 25217958
nsv830650 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for TBCC Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 88.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.91; 48.85% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for TBCC Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBCC Gene

Disorders for TBCC Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for TBCC Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TBCC in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for TBCC

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TBCC: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TBCC Gene

Publications for TBCC Gene

  1. Functional overlap between retinitis pigmentosa 2 protein and the tubulin-specific chaperone cofactor C. (PMID: 11847227) Bartolini F … Cowan NJ (The Journal of biological chemistry 2002) 2 3 4 58
  2. Pathway leading to correctly folded beta-tubulin. (PMID: 8706133) Tian G … Cowan NJ (Cell 1996) 2 3 4 58
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  4. The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6. (PMID: 14574404) Mungall AJ … Beck S (Nature 2003) 3 4 58
  5. Localization in the human retina of the X-linked retinitis pigmentosa protein RP2, its homologue cofactor C and the RP2 interacting protein Arl3. (PMID: 12417528) Grayson C … Cheetham ME (Human molecular genetics 2002) 3 4 58

Products for TBCC Gene

Sources for TBCC Gene

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