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Aliases for TBC1D4 Gene

Aliases for TBC1D4 Gene

  • TBC1 Domain Family, Member 4 2 3
  • Akt Substrate Of 160 KDa 2 3 4
  • AS160 3 4
  • TBC (Tre-2, BUB2, CDC16) Domain-Containing Protein 3
  • KIAA0603 4
  • NIDDM5 3

External Ids for TBC1D4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TBC1D4 Gene

  • GC13M073826
  • GC13M069854
  • GC13M074795
  • GC13M073657
  • GC13M074757
  • GC13M075858
  • GC13M056556

Summaries for TBC1D4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TBC1D4 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the Tre-2/BUB2/CDC16 domain family. The protein encoded by this gene is a Rab-GTPase-activating protein, and contains two phopshotyrosine-binding domains (PTB1 and PTB2), a calmodulin-binding domain (CBD), a Rab-GTPase domain, and multiple AKT phosphomotifs. This protein is thought to play an important role in glucose homeostasis by regulating the insulin-dependent trafficking of the glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), important for removing glucose from the bloodstream into skeletal muscle and fat tissues. Reduced expression of this gene results in an increase in GLUT4 levels at the plasma membrane, suggesting that this protein is important in intracellular retention of GLUT4 under basal conditions. When exposed to insulin, this protein is phosphorylated, dissociates from GLUT4 vesicles, resulting in increased GLUT4 at the cell surface, and enhanced glucose transport. Phosphorylation of this protein by AKT is required for proper translocation of GLUT4 to the cell surface. Individuals homozygous for a mutation in this gene are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes and have higher levels of circulating glucose and insulin levels after glucose ingestion. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]

GeneCards Summary for TBC1D4 Gene

TBC1D4 (TBC1 Domain Family, Member 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TBC1D4 include diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent, 5 and glucose metabolism disease. Among its related pathways are Glucose / Energy Metabolism and Vesicle-mediated transport. GO annotations related to this gene include GTPase activator activity. An important paralog of this gene is RABGAP1L.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBC1D4 Gene

  • May act as a GTPase-activating protein for RAB2A, RAB8A, RAB10 and RAB14. Isoform 2 promotes insulin-induced glucose transporter SLC2A4/GLUT4 translocation at the plasma membrane, thus increasing glucose uptake.

Gene Wiki entry for TBC1D4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TBC1D4 Gene

Genomics for TBC1D4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TBC1D4 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for TBC1D4 Gene

Chromosome:
13
Start:
75,284,664 bp from pter
End:
75,482,646 bp from pter
Size:
197,983 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TBC1D4 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for TBC1D4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TBC1D4 Gene

Proteins for TBC1D4 Gene

  • Protein details for TBC1D4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O60343-TBCD4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    TBC1 domain family member 4
    Protein Accession:
    O60343
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A7E2X8
    • B4DU25
    • B4E235
    • B6ETN8
    • B6ETN9
    • Q5W0B9
    • Q68D14

    Protein attributes for TBC1D4 Gene

    Size:
    1298 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    146563 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA25529.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TBC1D4 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TBC1D4 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for TBC1D4 Gene

Proteomics data for TBC1D4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TBC1D4 Gene

  • Phosphorylated by AKT1; insulin-induced. Also phosphorylated by AMPK in response to insulin. Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation is required for SLC2A4/GLUT4 translocation. Has no effect on SLC2A4/GLUT4 internalization. Physiological hyperinsulinemia increases phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation is reduced by 39% in type 2 diabetic patients.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for TBC1D4 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TBC1D4 (AS160)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TBC1D4 Gene

Domains & Families for TBC1D4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TBC1D4 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O60343

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

TBCD4_HUMAN :
  • Contains 2 PID domains.
Domain:
  • Contains 2 PID domains.
  • Contains 1 Rab-GAP TBC domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TBC1D4: view

No data available for Gene Families for TBC1D4 Gene

Function for TBC1D4 Gene

Molecular function for TBC1D4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May act as a GTPase-activating protein for RAB2A, RAB8A, RAB10 and RAB14. Isoform 2 promotes insulin-induced glucose transporter SLC2A4/GLUT4 translocation at the plasma membrane, thus increasing glucose uptake.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TBC1D4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005096 GTPase activator activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TBC1D4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TBC1D4: view

Animal Models for TBC1D4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TBC1D4:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TBC1D4

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TBC1D4 Gene

Localization for TBC1D4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBC1D4 Gene

Cytoplasm. Note=Isoform 2 shows a cytoplasmic perinuclear localization in a myoblastic cell line in resting and insulin-stimulated cells.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for TBC1D4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TBC1D4 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 2
endosome 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TBC1D4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0030659 cytoplasmic vesicle membrane TAS --
GO:0031988 membrane-bounded vesicle --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TBC1D4: view

Pathways & Interactions for TBC1D4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TBC1D4: view

Pathways by source for TBC1D4 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for TBC1D4 Gene

Inactivates:
Is inactivated by:
Other effect:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TBC1D4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016192 vesicle-mediated transport IMP 22908308
GO:0031339 negative regulation of vesicle fusion IEA --
GO:0032869 cellular response to insulin stimulus IMP 22908308
GO:0043547 positive regulation of GTPase activity IEA --
GO:0061024 membrane organization TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TBC1D4: view

Drugs & Compounds for TBC1D4 Gene

(2) Additional Compounds for TBC1D4 Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
glucose
Phosphatidylinositol
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TBC1D4: view

Transcripts for TBC1D4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TBC1D4 Gene

TBC1 domain family, member 4:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for TBC1D4

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TBC1D4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18a · 18b · 18c ^ 19a ·
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2:
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: - - - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - -
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

ExUns: 19b ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^ 23 ^ 24 ^ 25a · 25b ^ 26
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

Relevant External Links for TBC1D4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TBC1D4
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TBC1D4

Expression for TBC1D4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TBC1D4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TBC1D4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x6.1) and Adrenal Gland (x5.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TBC1D4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (17.2), Salivary gland (11.2), and Ovary (9.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TBC1D4 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TBC1D4 Gene Hs.210891

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TBC1D4 Gene

O60343-TBCD4_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed. Isoform 2 is the highest overexpressed in most tissues. Isoform 1 is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and heart, but was not detectable in the liver nor in adipose tissue. Isoform 2 is strongly expressed in adrenal and thyroid gland, and also in lung, kidney, colon, brain and adipose tissue. Isoform 2 is moderately expressed in skeletal muscle. Expressed in pancreatic Langerhans islets, including beta cells (at protein level). Expression is decreased by twofold in pancreatic islets in type 2 diabetes patients compared to control subjects. Up-regulated in T-cells from patients with atopic dermatitis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TBC1D4: view

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for TBC1D4 Gene

Orthologs for TBC1D4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for TBC1D4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TBC1D4 35
  • 89.57 (n)
  • 92.06 (a)
TBC1D4 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TBC1D4 35
  • 89.15 (n)
  • 90.82 (a)
TBC1D4 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tbc1d4 35
  • 84.63 (n)
  • 89.45 (a)
Tbc1d4 16
Tbc1d4 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TBC1D4 35
  • 99.69 (n)
  • 99.61 (a)
TBC1D4 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tbc1d4 35
  • 84.81 (n)
  • 89.21 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TBC1D4 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TBC1D4 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TBC1D4 35
  • 75.95 (n)
  • 80.84 (a)
TBC1D4 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TBC1D4 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.19119 35
tbc1d4 35
  • 69.68 (n)
  • 72.72 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:ch211-222g23.4 35
  • 64.22 (n)
  • 65.9 (a)
TBC1D4 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.5191 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta plx 36
  • 26 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GYL1 36
  • 19 (a)
ManyToMany
GYP5 36
  • 19 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for TBC1D4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TBC1D4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TBC1D4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TBC1D4 (if available)

Paralogs for TBC1D4 Gene

Paralogs for TBC1D4 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for TBC1D4 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TBC1D4: view

Variants for TBC1D4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TBC1D4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 13 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
VAR_052534 -
VAR_052535 -
VAR_054862 -
VAR_059855 -
VAR_061891 -

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TBC1D4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv521444 CNV Gain 19592680
dgv338n67 CNV Loss 20364138
esv2747669 CNV Deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for TBC1D4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 23.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.20; 84.88% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TBC1D4 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
TBC1D4
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
TBC1D4

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TBC1D4 Gene

Disorders for TBC1D4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for TBC1D4 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent, 5
  • diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent, 5
glucose metabolism disease
  • disorder of glucose metabolism
- elite association

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

TBCD4_HUMAN
  • Diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent, 5 (NIDDM5) [MIM:616087]: A multifactorial disorder of glucose homeostasis caused by a lack of sensitivity to the bodys own insulin. Affected individuals usually have an obese body habitus and manifestations of a metabolic syndrome characterized by diabetes, insulin resistance, hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia. The disease results in long-term complications that affect the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25043022}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for TBC1D4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
TBC1D4
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
TBC1D4
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TBC1D4
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TBC1D4: view

No data available for Genatlas for TBC1D4 Gene

Publications for TBC1D4 Gene

  1. Upregulation of the transcript level of GTPase activating protein KIAA0603 in T cells from patients with atopic dermatitis. (PMID: 15304337) Matsumoto Y. … Oshida T. (FEBS Lett. 2004) 2 23 67
  2. Impact of lipid phosphatases SHIP2 and PTEN on the time- and Akt-isoform-specific amelioration of TNF-alpha-induced insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. (PMID: 19001549) Ikubo M. … Sasaoka T. (Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 2009) 23 67
  3. Identification and characterization of a novel Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16 (TBC) protein that possesses Rab3A-GAP activity. (PMID: 19077034) Ishibashi K. … Fukuda M. (Genes Cells 2009) 23 67
  4. Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of the Rab GTPase-activating protein TBC1D1 regulates GLUT4 translocation. (PMID: 19740738) Peck G.R. … Lienhard G.E. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 23 67
  5. Postreceptoral adipocyte insulin resistance induced by nelfinavir is caused by insensitivity of PKB/Akt to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate. (PMID: 19179444) Kachko I. … Rudich A. (Endocrinology 2009) 23 67

Products for TBC1D4 Gene

Sources for TBC1D4 Gene

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