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TAS2R4 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 50
GCID: GC07P141479

Taste Receptor, Type 2, Member 4

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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Taste Receptor, Type 2, Member 41 2
T2R42 3 5
Candidate Taste Receptor T2R42
Taste Receptor Type 2 Member 42

External Ids:    HGNC: 149111   Entrez Gene: 508322   Ensembl: ENSG000001273647   OMIM: 6048695   UniProtKB: Q9NYW53   

Export aliases for TAS2R4 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC07P139749 GC07P140808 GC07P140885 GC07P140931 GC07P141124 GC07P135774


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for TAS2R4 Gene:
This gene encodes a member of a family of candidate taste receptors that are members of the G protein-coupled
receptor superfamily and that are specifically expressed by taste receptor cells of the tongue and palate
epithelia. These apparently intronless genes encode a 7-transmembrane receptor protein, functioning as a bitter
taste receptor. This gene is clustered with another 3 candidate taste receptor genes in chromosome 7 and is
genetically linked to loci that influence bitter perception. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for TAS2R4 Gene:
TAS2R4 (taste receptor, type 2, member 4) is a protein-coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include taste receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is TAS2R41.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TA2R4_HUMAN, Q9NYW5
Function: Gustducin-coupled receptor for denatonium and N(6)-propyl-2-thiouracil implicated in the perception of
bitter compounds in the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract. Signals through PLCB2 and the
calcium-regulated cation channel TRPM5. In airway epithelial cells, binding of denatonium increases the
intracellular calcium ion concentration and stimulates ciliary beat frequency

Gene Wiki entry for TAS2R4 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the TAS2R4 gene promoter:
         GR   TBP   Bach2   Nkx2-5   LCR-F1   c-Rel   Cart-1   GR-alpha   Msx-1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidTAS2R4 promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for TAS2R4

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat TAS2R4


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 7q31.3-q32   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  7q34   HGNC cytogenetic band: 7q31.3-q32

TAS2R4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
TAS2R4 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 7         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC07P141479:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
141,478,242 bp from pter      End:
141,479,235 bp from pter
Size:
994 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

1 alternative location:
Chr7+,CRA_TCAG 140,816,001-140,816,900     

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, antibodies-online, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TA2R4_HUMAN, Q9NYW5 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Taste receptor type 2 member 4  
Size: 299 amino acids; 33841 Da
Miscellaneous: Several bitter taste receptors are expressed in a single taste receptor cell
Secondary accessions: Q645W5 Q75MV8

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for TAS2R4: NX_Q9NYW5

Explore proteomics data for TAS2R4 at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Glycosylation2 at Asn164, Asn165, Asn169

  • See TAS2R4 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins: NP_058640.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000247881  
    Reactome Protein details: Q9NYW5

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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    TASNR: GPCR / Unclassified : Taste receptors
    TAS2R: Taste receptors / Type 2

    IUPHAR Guide to PHARMACOLOGY protein family classification: TAS2R4
    Taste 2 receptors

    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR007960 TAS2_rcpt

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9NYW5

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9NYW5

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TA2R4_HUMAN, Q9NYW5
    Similarity: Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor T2R family


    Find genes that share domains with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: TA2R4_HUMAN, Q9NYW5
    Function: Gustducin-coupled receptor for denatonium and N(6)-propyl-2-thiouracil implicated in the perception of
    bitter compounds in the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract. Signals through PLCB2 and the
    calcium-regulated cation channel TRPM5. In airway epithelial cells, binding of denatonium increases the
    intracellular calcium ion concentration and stimulates ciliary beat frequency

         Gene Ontology (GO): 2 molecular function terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0004930G-protein coupled receptor activity ----
    GO:0008527taste receptor activity TAS10761934
         
    Find genes that share ontologies with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe


    Phenotypes:
         2 GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for TAS2R4:
     Increased HPV18 LCR reporter a  Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory 

    Animal Models:
       genOway: Develop your customized and physiologically relevant rodent model for TAS2R4

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    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    TA2R4_HUMAN, Q9NYW5: Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell projection, cilium membrane. Note=In airway
    epithelial cells, localizes to motile cilia
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    plasma membrane5

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005886plasma membrane TAS--
    GO:0016021integral component of membrane IC10761934
    GO:0060170ciliary membrane IEA--

    Find genes that share ontologies with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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    SuperPaths for TAS2R4 About    
    See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Taste transduction
    Class C/3 (Metabotropic glutamate/pheromone receptors)0.45
    Taste transduction0.45
    2Signaling by GPCR
    Signaling by GPCR0.90
    Signal Transduction0.58
    GPCR downstream signaling0.90
    3Peptide ligand-binding receptors
    GPCR ligand binding0.71
    G alpha (i) signalling events0.44
    4Sweet Taste Signaling
    Bitter Taste Signaling0.44


    Find genes that share SuperPaths with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways

    1 Downloadable PowerPoint Slide of GeneGlobe Pathway Central Maps for TAS2R4
        Bitter Taste Signaling

    2 Reactome Pathways for TAS2R4
        Class C/3 (Metabotropic glutamate/pheromone receptors)
    G alpha (i) signalling events


    1 Kegg Pathway  (Kegg details for TAS2R4):
        Taste transduction

        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for TAS2R4
    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for TAS2R4

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see more details)

    1 Interacting protein for TAS2R4 (ENSP000002478814) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    GNAT3ENSP000003813394STRING: ENSP00000381339
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 5 biological process terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0007165signal transduction TAS10761934
    GO:0007186G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway ----
    GO:0007585respiratory gaseous exchange IEA--
    GO:0050909sensory perception of taste TAS10761934
    GO:0050912detection of chemical stimulus involved in sensory perception of taste TAS10761934

    Find genes that share ontologies with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for TAS2R4 (TA2R4)

    1 HMDB Compound for TAS2R4    About this table
    CompoundSynonyms CAS #PubMed Ids
    CalciumCa (see all 2)7440-70-2--

    Selected BitterDB Bitter Compounds for TAS2R4 (see all 15)    About this table
    CompoundSMILES CAS #
    amarogentinOC[C@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@@H]2OC=C3[C@@H](CCOC3=O)[C@H]2C=C)[C@H](OC(=O)c4c(O)cc(O)cc4c5cccc(O)c5)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O21018-84-8
    ArborescinCC1C2CCC3(C)OC34CC=C(C)C4C2OC1=O--
    ArtemorinCC1=C/[C@H]2OC(=O)C(=C)[C@@H]2CCC(=C)[C@H](O)CC1--
    AzathioprineCn1cnc(c1Sc2ncnc3nc[nH]c23)[N+](=O)[O-]--
    brucineCOc1cc2N3C4[C@@H]5C(CC3=O)OCC=C6CN7CC[C@]4([C@@H]7C[C@H]56)c2cc1OC357-57-3
    CampherCC1(C)C2CCC1(C)C(=O)OC2=O--
    ChlorpheniramineCN(C)CCC(c1ccc(Cl)cc1)c2ccccn2--
    colchicineCOC1=CC=C2C(=CC1=O)[C@H](CCc3cc(OC)c(OC)c(OC)c23)NC(=O)C--
    dapsoneNc1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)c2ccc(N)cc2--
    denatonium benzoateCC[N+](CC)(CC(=O)Nc1c(C)cccc1C)Cc2ccccc2.[O-]C(=O)c3ccccc33734-33-6




    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for TAS2R4 gene: 
    NM_016944.1  

    1 Ensembl transcript including schematic representation, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000247881(uc003vwq.1)
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    6 AceView cDNA sequences:

    NM_016944 AL832513 AW197234 AW590303 AI652891 BQ378653 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    TAS2R4 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TATAATGGAA
    TAS2R4 Expression
    About this image

    TAS2R4 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    TAS2R4 Protein Expression

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: TA2R4_HUMAN, Q9NYW5
    Tissue specificity: Expressed in subsets of taste receptor cells of the tongue and palate epithelium and
    exclusively in gustducin-positive cells. Expressed on airway ciliated epithelium

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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for TAS2R4 gene from Selected species (see all 6)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Tas2r1081 , 5 taste receptor, type 2, member 1081, 5 76.66(n)1
    67(a)1
      6 (18.82 cM)5
    572531  NM_020502.11  NP_065248.11 
     404935925 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves TAS2R76
    Gallus gallus taste receptor, type 2, member 7 (TA...
    23(a)
    1 → many
    3(109476673-109477638)


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for TAS2R4 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for TAS2R4 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for TAS2R4 gene
    TAS2R412  TAS2R52  TAS2R462  TAS2R162  TAS2R32  TAS2R432  TAS2R142  TAS2R392  
    TAS2R382  TAS2R422  TAS2R92  TAS2R302  TAS2R12  TAS2R192  TAS2R72  TAS2R202  
    TAS2R82  TAS2R102  TAS2R132  TAS2R502  TAS2R402  TAS2R602  TAS2R312  
    Selected SIMAP similar genes for TAS2R4 using alignment to 3 protein entries:     TA2R4_HUMAN (see all proteins) (see all similar genes):
    Hosa(Adygei)-T2R4    Hosa(Biaka)-T2R4    Hosa(Biaka)-T2R40    Hosa(Japanese)-T2R40    TAS2R40    TAS2R39
    Hosa(Biaka)-T2R2    Hosa(Japanese)-T2R39    Hosa(Adygei)-T2R3    Hosa(Biaka)-T2R10    Hosa(Biaka)-T2R13    Hosa(Biaka)-T2R3
    Hosa(Japanese)-T2R13    TAS2R3    Hosa(Adygei)-T2R10    Hosa(Japanese)-T2R10    TAS2R10    TAS2R9

    Find genes that share paralogs with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for TAS2R4 (see all 119)    About this table                                 

    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 7 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs802603241,2
    C,F--141476297(+) AAAAGA/TTCCAA 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.02EA 120
    rs595131891,2
    C,F--141476345(+) GTTGAG/TTCAAG 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.14WA 118
    rs348556441,2
    C--141476458(+) GAGTC-/TTTTTT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1414096081,2
    --141476626(+) TTCCTA/GTACTG 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1163491131,2
    C,F--141476727(+) ACAGAG/TAACCC 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.02WA 118
    rs1156388741,2
    F--141476745(+) TGGTAT/AAGTAC 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- A:0.03WA 118
    rs1816041871,2
    --141476860(+) TGTTAA/GTAATA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs104858371,2
    C,F,H--141476862(+) TTAGTA/GATATT 1 -- us2k110Minor allele frequency- G:0.02NS EA WA 634
    rs1470371811,2
    --141476871(+) TTTCAA/GCTTCA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1851693051,2
    --141476888(+) TAATGC/TAGCCA 1 -- us2k10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for TAS2R4 (141478242 - 141479235 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for TAS2R4:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv34135CNV Loss18971310

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
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    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for TAS2R4

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 604869    OMIM disorders: --


    Find genes that share disorders with TAS2R4           About GenesLikeMe


    Export disorders for TAS2R4 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for TAS2R4 gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 17):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with TAS2R4)
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    1. T2Rs function as bitter taste receptors. (PubMed id 10761935)1, 2, 3 Chandrashekar J.... Ryba N.J.P. (Cell 2000)
    2. A novel family of mammalian taste receptors. (PubMed id 10761934)1, 2, 3 Adler E....Zuker C.S. (Cell 2000)
    3. Evolution of bitter taste receptors in humans and apes. (PubMed id 15496549)1, 2 Fischer A.... Paeaebo S. (Mol. Biol. Evol. 2005)
    4. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7. (PubMed id 12853948)1, 2 Hillier L.W.... Wilson R.K. (Nature 2003)
    5. Coding of sweet, bitter, and umami tastes: different receptor cells sharing similar signaling pathways. (PubMed id 12581520)1, 2 Zhang Y.... Ryba N.J. (Cell 2003)
    6. Receptors for bitter and sweet taste. (PubMed id 12139982)1, 2 Montmayeur J.-P. and Matsunami H. (Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 2002)
    7. Molecular mechanisms of bitter and sweet taste transduction. (PubMed id 11696554)1, 2 Margolskee R.F. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002)
    8. Genetic variants associated with disordered eating. (PubMed id 23568457)1 Wade T.D....Martin N.G. (Int J Eat Disord 2013)
    9. Role of rhodopsin N-terminus in structure and function of rhodopsin-bitter taste receptor chimeras. (PubMed id 23159609)1 Pydi S.P....Chelikani P. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2013)
    10. Behavioral analysis of Drosophila transformants expressing human taste receptor genes in the gustatory receptor neurons. (PubMed id 22794107)1 Adachi R....Isono K. (J. Neurogenet. 2012)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 50832 HGNC: 14911 AceView: TAS2R4 Ensembl:ENSG00000127364 euGenes: HUgn50832
    ECgene: TAS2R4 Kegg: 50832 H-InvDB: TAS2R4

    (According to HUGE)
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      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for TAS2R4 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways
    Protein Spotlighthttp://web.expasy.org/spotlight/back_issues/119

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for TAS2R4 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving TAS2R4

    GeneCards and IP:
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