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Aliases for TAS2R20 Gene

Aliases for TAS2R20 Gene

  • Taste 2 Receptor Member 20 2 3 5
  • Taste Receptor, Type 2, Member 49 2 3
  • Taste Receptor Type 2 Member 56 3 4
  • TAS2R49 3 4
  • T2R49 3 4
  • T2R56 3 4
  • Taste Receptor, Type 2, Member 20 2
  • Taste Receptor Type 2 Member 20 3
  • Taste Receptor Type 2 Member 49 4
  • T2R20 3

External Ids for TAS2R20 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for TAS2R20 Gene

  • TAS2R49

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TAS2R20 Gene

  • GC00U991282
  • GC12U900764
  • GC12M011039
  • GC12M011148
  • GC12M010876
  • GC12M010996
  • GC12M011000
  • GC12M011192
  • GC12M011340
  • GC12M011555

Summaries for TAS2R20 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TAS2R20 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the taste receptor two family of class C G-protein coupled receptors. Receptors of this family have a short extracellular N-terminus, seven transmembrane helices, three extracellular loops and three intracellular loops, and an intracellular C-terminus. Members of this family are expressed in a subset of taste receptor cells, where they function in bitter taste reception, as well as in non-gustatory cells including those of the brain, reproductive organs, respiratory system, and gastrointestinal system. This gene maps to the taste receptor gene cluster on chromosome 12p13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]

GeneCards Summary for TAS2R20 Gene

TAS2R20 (Taste 2 Receptor Member 20) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is TAS2R46.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAS2R20 Gene

  • Receptor that may play a role in the perception of bitterness and is gustducin-linked. May play a role in sensing the chemical composition of the gastrointestinal content. The activity of this receptor may stimulate alpha gustducin, mediate PLC-beta-2 activation and lead to the gating of TRPM5 (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for TAS2R20 Gene

Additional gene information for TAS2R20 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TAS2R20 Gene

Genomics for TAS2R20 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TAS2R20 Gene

Enhancers for TAS2R20 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12H010715 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 42.6 +277.8 277781 8 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 FOS KLRA1P TAS2R20 TAS2R43 TAS2R31 MAGOHB ENSG00000256682 LINC02366 SLC25A39P2 HNRNPABP1 LOC100419929
GH12H010391 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 +603.1 603092 7 FOXA2 ARID4B FEZF1 ATF7 RUNX3 DEK JUNB TSHZ1 ZNF662 KAT8 KLRA1P KLRK1 TAS2R20 KLRC3 KLRC4 KLRC2 LOC101928100 TAS2R31 TAS2R43 MAGOHB
GH12H010384 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 25.5 +610.4 610437 5 TBP FOXA2 ZSCAN4 FEZF1 ZEB1 GTF3C2 FOS ZNF362 YY2 CEBPB TAS2R19 TAS2R31 KLRA1P TAS2R14 TAS2R10 TAS2R15P MAGOHB TAS2R20 TAS2R43 KLRC3
GH12H011743 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.7 -754.2 -754194 18 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 TBL1XR1 BMI1 BATF RAD21 YY1 ZNF207 ATF7 ETV6 BCL2L14 TAS2R43 TAS2R20 TAS2R50 ENSG00000256682 ENSG00000256981 TAS2R14 DDX55P1 LINC01252
GH12H010211 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.9 +784.0 784042 5 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 KLRA1P LOC642846 DDX12P TAS2R31 LOC255308 TAS2R20 TAS2R19 TAS2R43 TAS2R14 ENSG00000255753
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around TAS2R20 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TAS2R20 Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
10,995,962 bp from pter
End:
10,997,875 bp from pter
Size:
1,914 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for TAS2R20 Gene

Genes around TAS2R20 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TAS2R20 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TAS2R20 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TAS2R20 Gene

Proteins for TAS2R20 Gene

  • Protein details for TAS2R20 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P59543-T2R20_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Taste receptor type 2 member 20
    Protein Accession:
    P59543
    Secondary Accessions:
    • P59549
    • Q2HIZ4
    • Q496D8
    • Q645X9

    Protein attributes for TAS2R20 Gene

    Size:
    309 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35358 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    Miscellaneous:
    • Most taste cells may be activated by a limited number of bitter compounds; individual taste cells can discriminate among bitter stimuli.

neXtProt entry for TAS2R20 Gene

Post-translational modifications for TAS2R20 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn161 and Asn176
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TAS2R20 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TAS2R20 Gene

Domains & Families for TAS2R20 Gene

Gene Families for TAS2R20 Gene

HGNC:
IUPHAR :
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • G-protein coupled receptors
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Protein Domains for TAS2R20 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TAS2R20 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P59543

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

T2R20_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor T2R family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor T2R family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TAS2R20: view

Function for TAS2R20 Gene

Molecular function for TAS2R20 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor that may play a role in the perception of bitterness and is gustducin-linked. May play a role in sensing the chemical composition of the gastrointestinal content. The activity of this receptor may stimulate alpha gustducin, mediate PLC-beta-2 activation and lead to the gating of TRPM5 (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TAS2R20 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004871 signal transducer activity IEA --
GO:0004930 G-protein coupled receptor activity IEA --
GO:0033038 bitter taste receptor activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TAS2R20: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TAS2R20: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for TAS2R20
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TAS2R20 Gene

Localization for TAS2R20 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAS2R20 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TAS2R20 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TAS2R20 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TAS2R20: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for TAS2R20 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TAS2R20 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TAS2R20: view

Pathways by source for TAS2R20 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TAS2R20 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001580 detection of chemical stimulus involved in sensory perception of bitter taste IBA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0050896 response to stimulus IEA --
GO:0050909 sensory perception of taste IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TAS2R20: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for TAS2R20 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TAS2R20 Gene

(1) Drugs for TAS2R20 Gene - From: BitterDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Diphenidol Approved, Withdrawn Pharma 1

(1) Additional Compounds for TAS2R20 Gene - From: BitterDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
cromolyn
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TAS2R20: view

Transcripts for TAS2R20 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for TAS2R20 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for TAS2R20 Gene

Taste receptor, type 2, member 20:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for TAS2R20
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TAS2R20 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for TAS2R20 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
TAS2R20
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
TAS2R20

Expression for TAS2R20 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for TAS2R20 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of TAS2R20 Gene:

TAS2R20

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TAS2R20 Gene:

Hs.686384

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TAS2R20 Gene:

P59543-T2R20_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in subsets of taste receptor cells of the tongue and exclusively in gustducin-positive cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TAS2R20: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for TAS2R20 Gene

Orthologs for TAS2R20 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for TAS2R20 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TAS2R20 33 34
  • 99.57 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TAS2R46 34
  • 57 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 34
  • 56 (a)
ManyToMany
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CAFA-T2R43 34
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tas2r120 34
  • 51 (a)
ManyToMany
Tas2r136 34
  • 42 (a)
ManyToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia T2R24 34
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
T2R25 34
  • 34 (a)
ManyToMany
T2R23 34
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for TAS2R20 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for TAS2R20 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for TAS2R20 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for TAS2R20 (if available)

Paralogs for TAS2R20 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TAS2R20: view

Variants for TAS2R20 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TAS2R20 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10845279 --
rs10845280 --
rs10845281 --
rs12226919 --
rs12226920 --

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TAS2R20 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv26197 CNV gain 19812545
esv2664609 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2745546 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2759879 CNV loss 17122850
esv3628556 CNV loss 21293372
esv8289 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1038277 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1159978 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv428272 CNV gain+loss 18775914
nsv832330 CNV gain 17160897
nsv8915 CNV gain 18304495

Variation tolerance for TAS2R20 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 93.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.72; 73.24% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TAS2R20 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
TAS2R20

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TAS2R20 Gene

Disorders for TAS2R20 Gene

Relevant External Links for TAS2R20

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
TAS2R20

No disorders were found for TAS2R20 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TAS2R20 Gene

Publications for TAS2R20 Gene

  1. Evolution of bitter taste receptors in humans and apes. (PMID: 15496549) Fischer A … Pääbo S (Molecular biology and evolution 2005) 3 4 60
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60
  3. Coding of sweet, bitter, and umami tastes: different receptor cells sharing similar signaling pathways. (PMID: 12581520) Zhang Y … Ryba NJ (Cell 2003) 3 4 60
  4. Identification and characterization of human taste receptor genes belonging to the TAS2R family. (PMID: 12584440) Conte C … Andres-Barquin PJ (Cytogenetic and genome research 2002) 3 4 60
  5. Receptors for bitter and sweet taste. (PMID: 12139982) Montmayeur JP … Matsunami H (Current opinion in neurobiology 2002) 3 4 60

Products for TAS2R20 Gene

Sources for TAS2R20 Gene

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