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Aliases for SYMPK Gene

Aliases for SYMPK Gene

External Ids for SYMPK Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SYMPK Gene

  • GC19M050994
  • GC19M051010
  • GC19M046318
  • GC19M042747

Summaries for SYMPK Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SYMPK Gene

  • This gene encodes a nuclear protein that functions in the regulation of polyadenylation and promotes gene expression. The protein forms a high-molecular weight complex with components of the polyadenylation machinery. It is thought to serve as a scaffold for recruiting regulatory factors to the polyadenylation complex. It also participates in 3'-end maturation of histone mRNAs, which do not undergo polyadenylation. The protein also localizes to the cytoplasmic plaques of tight junctions in some cell types. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SYMPK Gene

SYMPK (Symplekin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SYMPK include Vein Disease. Among its related pathways are Tight junction and mRNA surveillance pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SYMPK Gene

  • Scaffold protein that functions as a component of a multimolecular complex involved in histone mRNA 3-end processing. Specific component of the tight junction (TJ) plaque, but might not be an exclusively junctional component. May have a house-keeping rule. Is involved in pre-mRNA polyadenylation. Enhances SSU72 phosphatase activity.

Gene Wiki entry for SYMPK Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SYMPK Gene

Genomics for SYMPK Gene

Regulatory Elements for SYMPK Gene

Enhancers for SYMPK Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association

Enhancers around SYMPK on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SYMPK Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for SYMPK Gene

Chromosome:
19
Start:
45,815,410 bp from pter
End:
45,863,290 bp from pter
Size:
47,881 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for SYMPK Gene

Genes around SYMPK on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SYMPK Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SYMPK Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SYMPK Gene

Proteins for SYMPK Gene

  • Protein details for SYMPK Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q92797-SYMPK_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Symplekin
    Protein Accession:
    Q92797
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O00521
    • O00689
    • O00733
    • Q59GT5
    • Q8N2U5

    Protein attributes for SYMPK Gene

    Size:
    1274 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    141148 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Found in a heat-sensitive complex at least composed of several cleavage and polyadenylation specific and cleavage stimulation factors. Interacts with CPSF2, CPSF3 and CSTF2. Interacts with HSF1 in heat-stressed cells. Interacts with SSU72.
    Miscellaneous:
    • Could be used as a differentiation marker in the differential diagnosis of tumors.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC50667.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH30214.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Contaminating sequence. Potential poly-A sequence.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAD92261.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA71861.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=67; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SYMPK Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SYMPK Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for SYMPK Gene

Post-translational modifications for SYMPK Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 520, Lys 551, Lys 909, Lys 912, Lys 919, and Lys 1040
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SYMPK Gene

Domains & Families for SYMPK Gene

Protein Domains for SYMPK Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SYMPK Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q92797

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

SYMPK_HUMAN :
  • The HEAT repeats have been determined based on 3D-structure analysis of the D.melanogaster ortholog and are not detected by sequence-based prediction programs.
  • Belongs to the Symplekin family.
  • Contains 5 HEAT repeats.
Domain:
  • The HEAT repeats have been determined based on 3D-structure analysis of the D.melanogaster ortholog and are not detected by sequence-based prediction programs.
Family:
  • Belongs to the Symplekin family.
Similarity:
  • Contains 5 HEAT repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SYMPK: view

No data available for Gene Families for SYMPK Gene

Function for SYMPK Gene

Molecular function for SYMPK Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Scaffold protein that functions as a component of a multimolecular complex involved in histone mRNA 3-end processing. Specific component of the tight junction (TJ) plaque, but might not be an exclusively junctional component. May have a house-keeping rule. Is involved in pre-mRNA polyadenylation. Enhances SSU72 phosphatase activity.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SYMPK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 18688255
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SYMPK: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SYMPK: view

Animal Models for SYMPK Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SYMPK:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SYMPK Gene

Localization for SYMPK Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SYMPK Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell junction, tight junction. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Cell junction. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Note=Cytoplasmic face of adhesion plaques (major) and nucleoplasm (minor) (in cells with TJ). Nucleoplasm (in cells without TJ). Nuclear bodies of heat-stressed cells.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SYMPK Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SYMPK gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SYMPK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA 8769423
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 8769423
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA --
GO:0005923 bicellular tight junction IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SYMPK: view

Pathways & Interactions for SYMPK Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SYMPK: view

Pathways by source for SYMPK Gene

1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for SYMPK Gene
2 KEGG pathways for SYMPK Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SYMPK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006378 mRNA polyadenylation IMP 20861839
GO:0007155 cell adhesion IEA --
GO:0035307 positive regulation of protein dephosphorylation IDA 20861839
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SYMPK: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SYMPK Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SYMPK Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for SYMPK Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SYMPK: view

Transcripts for SYMPK Gene

Unigene Clusters for SYMPK Gene

Symplekin:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SYMPK Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3:
SP4: -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8: - -
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:

ExUns: 19 ^ 20 ^ 21a · 21b ^ 22 ^ 23 ^ 24a · 24b ^ 25 ^ 26a · 26b · 26c ^ 27 ^ 28a · 28b
SP1: - -
SP2:
SP3: - - -
SP4:
SP5: - - -
SP6: - -
SP7:
SP8:
SP9: - -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:

Relevant External Links for SYMPK Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SYMPK
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SYMPK

Expression for SYMPK Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SYMPK Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SYMPK Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (13.3), Lymph node (12.6), and Bone (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for SYMPK Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for SYMPK Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SYMPK Gene:

SYMPK

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SYMPK Gene:

Hs.515475

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SYMPK Gene:

Q92797-SYMPK_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: In testis, expressed in polar epithelia and Sertoli cells but not in vascular endothelia. The protein is detected in stomach, duodenum, pancreas, liver, fetal brain, carcinomas, lens-forming cells, fibroblasts, lymphocytes, lymphoma cells, erythroleukemia cells but not in endothelium of vessels, epidermis, intercalated disks, Purkinje fiber cells of the heart and lymph node.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SYMPK: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for SYMPK Gene

Orthologs for SYMPK Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SYMPK Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SYMPK 34
  • 90.67 (n)
  • 96.38 (a)
SYMPK 35
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SYMPK 34
  • 91.17 (n)
  • 97.72 (a)
SYMPK 35
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sympk 34
  • 87.99 (n)
  • 94.02 (a)
Sympk 16
Sympk 35
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SYMPK 34
  • 99.58 (n)
  • 99.84 (a)
SYMPK 35
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sympk 34
  • 86.93 (n)
  • 92.36 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SYMPK 35
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SYMPK 35
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SYMPK 35
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia MGC75595 34
sympk 34
  • 67.94 (n)
  • 74.49 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC53503 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.4673 34
si:dkeyp-117b8.1 34
  • 71.93 (n)
  • 74.84 (a)
SYMPK 35
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.988 34
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002618 34
  • 53.05 (n)
  • 40.66 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Sym 34
  • 47.39 (n)
  • 38.09 (a)
Sym 35
  • 36 (a)
OneToOne
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea symk-1 34
  • 41.53 (n)
  • 31.52 (a)
symk-1 35
  • 27 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.6518 35
  • 48 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for SYMPK was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SYMPK Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SYMPK (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SYMPK (if available)

Paralogs for SYMPK Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SYMPK Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SYMPK: view

No data available for Paralogs for SYMPK Gene

Variants for SYMPK Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SYMPK Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs3045785 -- 45,833,800(+) tccac(-/AC)ctgac intron-variant
rs3206292 -- 45,847,981(-) CGGGT(A/C)ATTAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs10425088 -- 45,822,369(+) CGCCT(C/G)GCCTC intron-variant
rs10425467 -- 45,850,211(+) ctgca(C/T)cccag intron-variant
rs3745928 -- 45,847,702(-) TTTCC(C/T)CTCCT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SYMPK Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv25340 CNV gain 19812545
nsv1114015 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv510770 CNV deletion 20534489

Variation tolerance for SYMPK Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 1.76% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.54; 44.33% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SYMPK Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
SYMPK

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SYMPK Gene

Disorders for SYMPK Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for SYMPK Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
vein disease
  • disorder of vein
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search SYMPK in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for SYMPK

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SYMPK
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SYMPK
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
SYMPK
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SYMPK: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SYMPK Gene

Publications for SYMPK Gene

  1. Symplekin and multiple other polyadenylation factors participate in 3'-end maturation of histone mRNAs. (PMID: 16230528) Kolev N.G. … Steitz J.A. (Genes Dev. 2005) 3 4 22 65
  2. HSF1 modulation of Hsp70 mRNA polyadenylation via interaction with symplekin. (PMID: 14707147) Xing H. … Sarge K.D. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 4 22 65
  3. Complex protein interactions within the human polyadenylation machinery identify a novel component. (PMID: 10669729) Takagaki Y. … Manley J.L. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2000) 3 4 22 65
  4. Chromosomal localization to 19q13.3, partial genomic structure and 5' cDNA sequence of the human symplekin gene. (PMID: 9330635) Ueki K. … Louis D.N. (Somat. Cell Mol. Genet. 1997) 2 3 4 65
  5. Symplekin, a novel type of tight junction plaque protein. (PMID: 8769423) Keon B.H. … Franke W.W. (J. Cell Biol. 1996) 3 4 22 65

Products for SYMPK Gene

Sources for SYMPK Gene

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