Aliases for SUN2 Gene
External Ids for SUN2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SUN2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SUN2 Gene
SUN1 (MIM 607723) and SUN2 are inner nuclear membrane (INM) proteins that play a major role in nuclear-cytoplasmic connection by formation of a 'bridge' across the nuclear envelope, known as the LINC complex, via interaction with the conserved luminal KASH domain of nesprins (e.g., SYNE1; MIM 608441) located in the outer nuclear membrane (ONM). The LINC complex provides a direct connection between the nuclear lamina and the cytoskeleton, which contributes to nuclear positioning and cellular rigidity (summary by Haque et al., 2010 [PubMed 19933576]).[supplied by OMIM, Nov 2010]
GeneCards Summary for SUN2 Gene
SUN2 (Sad1 And UNC84 Domain Containing 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SUN2 include Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy and Emerinopathy. Among its related pathways are Meiosis and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and lamin binding. An important paralog of this gene is SUN1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SUN2 Gene
Component of SUN-protein-containing multivariate complexes also called LINC complexes which link the nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton by providing versatile outer nuclear membrane attachment sites for cytoskeletal filaments. Specifically, SYNE2 and SUN2 assemble in arrays of transmembrane actin-associated nuclear (TAN) lines which are bound to F-actin cables and couple the nucleus to retrograde actin flow during actin-dependent nuclear movement. Required for interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) and essential for nucleokinesis and centrosome-nucleus coupling during radial neuronal migration in the cerebral cortex and during glial migration. Anchors chromosome movement in the prophase of meiosis and is involved in selective gene expression of coding and non-coding RNAs needed for gametogenesis. Required for telomere attachment to nuclear envelope and gametogenesis. May also function on endocytic vesicles as a receptor for RAB5-GDP and participate in the activation of RAB5.