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Aliases for SULT2A1 Gene

Aliases for SULT2A1 Gene

  • Sulfotransferase Family 2A Member 1 2 3 5
  • Sulfotransferase Family, Cytosolic, 2A, Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-Preferring, Member 1 2 3
  • DHEA-ST 3 4
  • ST2A1 3 4
  • ST2A3 3 4
  • HST 3 4
  • ST2 3 4
  • STD 3 4
  • Alcohol/Hydroxysteroid Sulfotransferase 3
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfotransferase 4
  • Bile-Salt Sulfotranasferase 2A1 3
  • Hydroxysteroid Sulfotransferase 4
  • Sulfotransferase 2A1 4
  • EC 4
  • DHEAS 3
  • HSTa 3

External Ids for SULT2A1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SULT2A1 Gene

  • STD

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SULT2A1 Gene

  • GC19M049020
  • GC19M048765
  • GC19M053049
  • GC19M053065
  • GC19M048373
  • GC19M044800

Summaries for SULT2A1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SULT2A1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the sulfotransferase family. Sulfotransferases aid in the metabolism of drugs and endogenous compounds by converting these substances into more hydrophilic water-soluble sulfate conjugates that can be easily excreted. This protein catalyzes the sulfation of steroids and bile acids in the liver and adrenal glands, and may have a role in the inherited adrenal androgen excess in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]

GeneCards Summary for SULT2A1 Gene

SULT2A1 (Sulfotransferase Family 2A Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SULT2A1 include Selective T-Cell Defect and Sex Differentiation Disease. Among its related pathways are Estrone metabolism and Bile secretion. GO annotations related to this gene include sulfotransferase activity and bile-salt sulfotransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SULT1B1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SULT2A1 Gene

  • Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3-phospho-5-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfonation of steroids and bile acids in the liver and adrenal glands.

Gene Wiki entry for SULT2A1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SULT2A1 Gene

Genomics for SULT2A1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SULT2A1 Gene

Enhancers for SULT2A1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around SULT2A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SULT2A1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around SULT2A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SULT2A1 Gene

47,870,466 bp from pter
47,886,397 bp from pter
15,932 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SULT2A1 Gene

Genes around SULT2A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SULT2A1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SULT2A1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SULT2A1 Gene

Proteins for SULT2A1 Gene

  • Protein details for SULT2A1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Bile salt sulfotransferase
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for SULT2A1 Gene

    285 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33780 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    • Estrogens present in maternal circulation is predominantly derived from fetal dehydroepiandosterone sulfate which is hydrolyzed and metabolized to estrogens in placenta.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SULT2A1 Gene

neXtProt entry for SULT2A1 Gene

Proteomics data for SULT2A1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SULT2A1 Gene

Other Protein References for SULT2A1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SULT2A1 Gene

Domains & Families for SULT2A1 Gene

Gene Families for SULT2A1 Gene

Protein Domains for SULT2A1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the sulfotransferase 1 family.
  • Belongs to the sulfotransferase 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SULT2A1: view

Function for SULT2A1 Gene

Molecular function for SULT2A1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
hydroxysteroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) sulfotransferase,cytosolic,involved in the fine control of target cell sensitivity to hormone action,catalyzing the formation of DHEA-S,a major adrenal steroid,precursor for androgen and estrogen biosynthesis in peripheral tissues
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
3-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + glycolithocholate = adenosine 3,5-bisphosphate + glycolithocholate 3-sulfate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
3-phosphoadenylyl sulfate + taurolithocholate = adenosine 3,5-bisphosphate + taurolithocholate sulfate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3-phospho-5-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfonation of steroids and bile acids in the liver and adrenal glands.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for SULT2A1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SULT2A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004304 estrone sulfotransferase activity TAS --
GO:0047704 bile-salt sulfotransferase activity IEA --
GO:0050294 steroid sulfotransferase activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SULT2A1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SULT2A1: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SULT2A1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SULT2A1

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SULT2A1 Gene

Localization for SULT2A1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SULT2A1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SULT2A1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SULT2A1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 3
extracellular 2
peroxisome 2
mitochondrion 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SULT2A1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SULT2A1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SULT2A1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SULT2A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008202 steroid metabolic process TAS 1588921
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SULT2A1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SULT2A1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SULT2A1 Gene

(30) Drugs for SULT2A1 Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, FDA Approved Drugs, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Abiraterone Approved Pharma Enzyme, substrate Potent CYP17 inhibitor 0
Acetaminophen Approved Pharma Enzyme, substrate 902
Zytiga Approved May 2011 Pharma 0
Adenosine-3'-5'-Diphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0
Etiocholanolone Experimental Pharma Target 0

(26) Additional Compounds for SULT2A1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
7-Hydroxymethyl-12-methylbenz[a]anthracene sulfate
Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate
  • 3'-Phosphoryl-AMP
  • 3,5-ADP
  • 3,5-Diphosphoadenosine
  • 3-Phosphoadenosine 5-phosphate
  • 5-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 3-Adenylate
  • (3alpha,5alpha)-3-hydroxy-Androstan-17-one
  • (3R,5S,8R,9S,10S,13S,14S)-3-hydroxy-10,13-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16-tetradecahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-one
  • 3-alpha-Hydroxy-17-androstanone
  • 3-alpha-Hydroxy-5-alpha-androstan-17-one
  • 3-alpha-Hydroxy-5-alpha-androstane-17-one
Lithocholic acid glycine conjugate
  • 3a-Hydroxy-5b-cholanic acid glycine ester
  • 3a-Hydroxy-5b-cholanoylglycine
  • 3a-Hydroxy-N-(carboxymethyl)-5b-cholan-24-amide
  • 3alpha-hydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oate
  • 3alpha-hydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oic acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SULT2A1: view

Transcripts for SULT2A1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SULT2A1 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(11) Additional mRNA sequences :
(67) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for SULT2A1 Gene

Sulfotransferase family, cytosolic, 2A, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-preferring, member 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SULT2A1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SULT2A1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SULT2A1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SULT2A1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SULT2A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x38.0) and Adrenal Gland (x13.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SULT2A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver, secretome (19.8), Gallbladder (18.8), Liver (15.2), and Adrenal (9.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for SULT2A1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SULT2A1 Gene Hs.515835

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SULT2A1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Liver, adrenal and at lower level in the kidney. Is present in human fetus in higher level in the adrenal than the liver and the kidney.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SULT2A1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SULT2A1 Gene

Primer Products

Orthologs for SULT2A1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SULT2A1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SULT2A1 35
  • 78.01 (n)
  • 69.47 (a)
-- 36
  • 68 (a)
SULT2A1 36
  • 70 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sult2a1 35
  • 72.28 (n)
  • 63.86 (a)
Sult2a6 16
2810007J24Rik 36
  • 60 (a)
Sult2a1 36
  • 64 (a)
Sult2a3 36
  • 63 (a)
Sult2a4 36
  • 63 (a)
Sult2a5 36
  • 63 (a)
Sult2a6 36
  • 64 (a)
Sult2a7 36
  • 59 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SULT2A1 35
  • 98.21 (n)
  • 96.42 (a)
SULT2A1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sult2a1 35
  • 72.34 (n)
  • 63.48 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 37 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SULT2A1 36
  • 47 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 29 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 31 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 44 (a)
-- 36
  • 47 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.6711 35
sult2a1 35
  • 58.1 (n)
  • 51.41 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:dkey-236e20.3 36
  • 36 (a)
sult2st1 36
  • 40 (a)
sult2st1 36
  • 40 (a)
sult2st2 36
  • 39 (a)
sult2st3 36
  • 38 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea Y113G7A.11 37
  • 32 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SULT2A1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SULT2A1 Gene

Gene Tree for SULT2A1 (if available)
Gene Tree for SULT2A1 (if available)

Paralogs for SULT2A1 Gene

(13) SIMAP similar genes for SULT2A1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins: Pseudogenes for SULT2A1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SULT2A1: view

Variants for SULT2A1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SULT2A1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs11569681 - 47,883,735(-) GGGAT(C/G)CCAAG reference, missense
rs11569679 - 47,871,532(-) CAGTG(A/G)CCCAA reference, missense
rs7256697 -- 47,875,377(+) TCCTG(A/C)CTGTA intron-variant
rs12985420 -- 47,874,463(+) tgaat(C/T)ctgga intron-variant
rs8104798 -- 47,886,530(+) ACTGC(A/T)AGATC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SULT2A1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv428367 CNV Gain+Loss 18775914
nsv458715 CNV Gain 19166990
esv1006582 CNV Insertion 20482838
nsv523319 CNV Loss 19592680
esv2718669 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2676204 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv912213 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv3965n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv2513 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv828571 CNV Loss 20364138
nsv509748 CNV Insertion 20534489

Variation tolerance for SULT2A1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 49% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.95; 59.69% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SULT2A1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SULT2A1 Gene

Disorders for SULT2A1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for SULT2A1 Gene - From: OMIM, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
selective t-cell defect
  • stcd
sex differentiation disease
  • disorder of sexual differentiation
polycystic ovary syndrome
  • multicystic ovaries
ovarian brenner tumor
  • brenner tumor
hypoactive sexual desire disorder
  • lack or loss of sexual desire
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for SULT2A1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SULT2A1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SULT2A1 Gene

Publications for SULT2A1 Gene

  1. Human liver dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase: molecular cloning and expression of cDNA. (PMID: 1588921) Otterness D.M. … Weinshilboum R.M. (Mol. Pharmacol. 1992) 2 3 4 67
  2. Identifying androsterone (ADT) as a cognate substrate for human dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase (DHEA-ST) important for steroid homeostasis: structure of the enzyme-ADT complex. (PMID: 14573603) Chang H.J. … Lin S.X. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 23 26
  3. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase gene (STD): localization to human chromosome band 19q13.3. (PMID: 7736787) Otterness D.M. … Weinshilboum R.M. (Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 1995) 2 3 23
  4. Kinetic analysis of bile acid sulfation by stably expressed human sulfotransferase 2A1 (SULT2A1). (PMID: 20102295) Huang J. … Alnouti Y. (Xenobiotica 2010) 3 23
  5. Effect of insulin and testosterone on androgen production and transcription of SULT2A1 in the NCI-H295R adrenocortical cell line. (PMID: 18684447) Kumar A. … Azziz R. (Fertil. Steril. 2009) 3 23

Products for SULT2A1 Gene

Sources for SULT2A1 Gene