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Aliases for STX16 Gene

Aliases for STX16 Gene

  • Syntaxin 16 2 3
  • SYN16 3 4 6
  • Syntaxin-16 3

External Ids for STX16 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STX16 Gene

  • GC20P056955
  • GC20P057864
  • GC20P057912
  • GC20P056659
  • GC20P057226
  • GC20P054010

Summaries for STX16 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for STX16 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that is a member of the syntaxin or t-SNARE (target-SNAP receptor) family. These proteins are found on cell membranes and serve as the targets for V-SNARES (vesicle-SNAP receptors) permitting specific synaptic vesicle docking and fusion. A microdeletion in the region of chromosome 20 where this gene is located has been associated with pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib. Multiple transcript variants have been found for this gene. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the neighboring downstream aminopeptidase-like 1 (NPEPL1) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

GeneCards Summary for STX16 Gene

STX16 (Syntaxin 16) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with STX16 include pseudohypoparathyroidism, type ib and pseudohypoparathyroidism. Among its related pathways are Disease and Transmission across Chemical Synapses. GO annotations related to this gene include SNAP receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is STX16-NPEPL1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STX16 Gene

  • SNARE involved in vesicular transport from the late endosomes to the trans-Golgi network.

Gene Wiki entry for STX16 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for STX16 Gene

Genomics for STX16 Gene

Regulatory Elements for STX16 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for STX16 Gene

58,651,253 bp from pter
58,679,526 bp from pter
28,274 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for STX16 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for STX16 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for STX16 Gene

Proteins for STX16 Gene

  • Protein details for STX16 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NK32
    • A6NN69
    • A8MPP0
    • B7ZBN1
    • B7ZBN2
    • B7ZBN3
    • E1P5M0
    • E1P607
    • O14661
    • O14663
    • O60517
    • Q5W084
    • Q5W086
    • Q5W087
    • Q5XKI6
    • Q6GMS8
    • Q9H0Z0
    • Q9H1T7
    • Q9H1T8
    • Q9UIX5

    Protein attributes for STX16 Gene

    325 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37031 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with GCC2.
    • Sequence=AAB69282.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=142, 163, 165; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAB69283.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=142, 163, 165; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAC05647.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=142, 163, 165; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for STX16 Gene

neXtProt entry for STX16 Gene

Proteomics data for STX16 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for STX16 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for STX16 Gene

Domains for STX16 Gene

Protein Domains for STX16 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for STX16 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • O14662
  • Contains 1 t-SNARE coiled-coil homology domain.
  • Belongs to the syntaxin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with STX16: view

No data available for Gene Families for STX16 Gene

Function for STX16 Gene

Molecular function for STX16 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: SNARE involved in vesicular transport from the late endosomes to the trans-Golgi network.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for STX16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000149 SNARE binding IBA --
GO:0005484 SNAP receptor activity IDA 15215310
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 18195106
GO:0019905 syntaxin binding IPI 16154903
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STX16: view

Phenotypes for STX16 Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for STX16:
inferred from 1 alleles
GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for STX16:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with STX16: view

Animal Models for STX16 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for STX16:

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for STX16

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for STX16 Gene

Localization for STX16 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STX16 Gene

Golgi apparatus membrane; Single-pass type IV membrane protein.
Isoform C: Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for STX16 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for STX16 gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
nucleus 4
cytosol 3
mitochondrion 3
endosome 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for STX16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0005730 nucleolus IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 9587053
GO:0005783 colocalizes_with endoplasmic reticulum IDA 9587053
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA 9464276
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STX16: view

Pathways for STX16 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with STX16: view

Pathways by source for STX16 Gene

2 Reactome pathways for STX16 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for STX16 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for STX16 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for STX16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport IBA --
GO:0006891 intra-Golgi vesicle-mediated transport IEA --
GO:0006906 vesicle fusion IBA --
GO:0016192 vesicle-mediated transport --
GO:0042147 retrograde transport, endosome to Golgi IMP 17389686
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STX16: view

Transcripts for STX16 Gene

Unigene Clusters for STX16 Gene

Syntaxin 16:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for STX16

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for STX16 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c · 10d
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - -
SP7: -
SP8: -

Relevant External Links for STX16 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for STX16 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for STX16 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for STX16 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for STX16 Gene Hs.307913

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for STX16 Gene

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with STX16: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for STX16 Gene

Orthologs for STX16 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for STX16 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia STX16 35
  • 99.75 (n)
  • 99.63 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia STX16 35
  • 88.62 (n)
  • 95.08 (a)
STX16 36
  • 95 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia STX16 35
  • 92.49 (n)
  • 95.68 (a)
STX16 36
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Stx16 35
  • 87.49 (n)
  • 93.85 (a)
Stx16 16
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 94 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 93 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Stx16 35
  • 82.25 (n)
  • 90.65 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves STX16 35
  • 81.58 (n)
  • 88.58 (a)
STX16 36
  • 88 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 85 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC69090 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100493473 35
  • 75.31 (n)
  • 81.57 (a)
Str.11454 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii stx16 35
  • 74.2 (n)
  • 80.07 (a)
stx16 36
  • 79 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000850 35
  • 46.52 (n)
  • 36.94 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Syx16 35
  • 53.59 (n)
  • 46.29 (a)
Syx16 36
  • 35 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea syn-16 35
  • 44.44 (n)
  • 36.52 (a)
syx-16 36
  • 30 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AEL026C 35
  • 46.76 (n)
  • 33.8 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TLG2 35
  • 44.2 (n)
  • 29.02 (a)
TLG2 36
  • 19 (a)
TLG2 38
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0A10681g 35
  • 44.82 (n)
  • 28.09 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons SYP41 35
  • 50.84 (n)
  • 40.18 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU04119 35
  • 46.53 (n)
  • 37.6 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes tlg2 35
  • 42.9 (n)
  • 30.56 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 50 (a)
Species with no ortholog for STX16:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for STX16 Gene

Gene Tree for STX16 (if available)
Gene Tree for STX16 (if available)

Paralogs for STX16 Gene

Paralogs for STX16 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with STX16: view

Variants for STX16 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for STX16 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv828761 CNV Loss 20364138
esv1002410 CNV Deletion 20482838

Relevant External Links for STX16 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for STX16 Gene

Disorders for STX16 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for STX16 Gene (603666)


  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism 1B (PHP1B) [MIM:603233]: A disorder characterized by end-organ resistance to parathyroid hormone, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. Patients affected with PHP1B lack developmental defects characteristic of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy, and typically show no other endocrine abnormalities besides resistance to PTH. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:14561710, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15800843}. Note=The gene represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. Microdeletions involving STX16 can cause loss of methylation at exon A/B of GNAS, resulting in PHP1B.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for STX16 Gene

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for STX16 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
pseudohypoparathyroidism, type ib 95.3 3
cholera 34 1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with STX16: view

Publications for STX16 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning and localization of human syntaxin 16, a member of the syntaxin family of SNARE proteins. (PMID: 9464276) Tang B.L. … Ho W. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998) 2 3 4 23
  2. Syntaxin-16, a putative Golgi t-SNARE. (PMID: 9587053) Simonsen A. … Stenmark H. (Eur. J. Cell Biol. 1998) 2 3 4 23
  3. A novel STX16 deletion in autosomal dominant pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib redefines the boundaries of a cis-acting imprinting control element of GNAS. (PMID: 15800843) Linglart A. … Bastepe M. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2005) 2 3 4 23
  4. Trans-Golgi network syntaxin 10 functions distinctly from syntaxins 6 and 16. (PMID: 16154903) Wang Y. … Tang B.L. (Mol. Membr. Biol. 2005) 3 23
  5. Early/recycling endosomes-to-TGN transport involves two SNARE complexes and a Rab6 isoform. (PMID: 11839770) Mallard F. … Johannes L. (J. Cell Biol. 2002) 3 23

Products for STX16 Gene

Sources for STX16 Gene

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