Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for STK38L Gene

Aliases for STK38L Gene

  • Serine/Threonine Kinase 38 Like 2 3 5
  • Nuclear Dbf2-Related Kinase 2 3 4
  • Nuclear Dbf2-Related 2 2 3
  • NDR2 Protein Kinase 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • NDR2 3 4
  • Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase 38-Like 3
  • EC 2.7.11 61
  • KIAA0965 4

External Ids for STK38L Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for STK38L Gene

  • GC12P027757
  • GC12P027408
  • GC12P027297
  • GC12P027288
  • GC12P027168
  • GC12P027396

Summaries for STK38L Gene

GeneCards Summary for STK38L Gene

STK38L (Serine/Threonine Kinase 38 Like) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is STK38.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38L Gene

  • Involved in the regulation of structural processes in differentiating and mature neuronal cells.

Gene Wiki entry for STK38L Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for STK38L Gene

Genomics for STK38L Gene

Regulatory Elements for STK38L Gene

Enhancers for STK38L Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12F027283 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 22.8 +41.1 41096 2.6 JUN MAX BMI1 EBF1 RELA POLR2A PRDM10 FOS ZNF600 CREM STK38L TM7SF3 MED21 GC12P027317
GH12F027290 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 22.4 +47.5 47456 2.5 JUN BMI1 FEZF1 ZFHX2 ZBTB48 POLR2A EGR2 SCRT1 MTA2 ZEB2 STK38L TM7SF3 GC12P027317
GH12F027817 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 16.3 +574.4 574435 0.9 PTRF KLF13 ZBTB11 REST HDAC8 CREB3 POLR2H TFDP1 MEF2D ZNF589 STK38L MANSC4 LOC105369709 GC12M027808 RN7SKP15
GH12F027176 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 14.7 -64.8 -64768 5.6 HDGF ATF1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 FEZF1 ZNF48 GLIS2 ELK1 STK38L MED21 ENSG00000247903 MANSC4 C12orf71 PIR36462 ENSG00000256226
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around STK38L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for STK38L Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for STK38L Gene

27,243,968 bp from pter
27,325,959 bp from pter
81,992 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for STK38L Gene

Genes around STK38L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
STK38L Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for STK38L Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for STK38L Gene

Proteins for STK38L Gene

  • Protein details for STK38L Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Serine/threonine-protein kinase 38-like
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K4U0
    • B4E3J8
    • Q8TBX7

    Protein attributes for STK38L Gene

    464 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    54003 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimeric S100B binds two molecules of STK38L. Interacts with MICAL1; leading to inhibit the protein kinase activity by antagonizing activation by MST1/STK4 (By similarity). Interacts with MOB1 and MOB2.

    Alternative splice isoforms for STK38L Gene


neXtProt entry for STK38L Gene

Post-translational modifications for STK38L Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 378
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for STK38L Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for STK38L Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
  • Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.
  • Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with STK38L: view

Function for STK38L Gene

Molecular function for STK38L Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Activated by binding of S100B which releases autoinhibitory N-lobe interactions, enabling ATP to bind and the autophosphorylation of Ser-282. Thr-442 then undergoes calcium-dependent phosphorylation by STK24/MST3. Interactions between phosphorylated Thr-442 and the N-lobe promote additional structural changes that complete the activation of the kinase. Autoinhibition is also released by the binding of MOB1/MOBKL1A and MOB2/HCCA2 to the N-terminal of STK38L.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the regulation of structural processes in differentiating and mature neuronal cells.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for STK38L Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for STK38L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IDA 15067004
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IDA 15037617
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15197186
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38L: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with STK38L: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for STK38L

miRNA for STK38L Gene

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for STK38L Gene

Localization for STK38L Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38L Gene

Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Membrane. Note=Associated with the actin cytoskeleton. Co-localizes with STK24/MST3 in the membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for STK38L Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for STK38L gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for STK38L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 15037617
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0015629 actin cytoskeleton IEA,ISS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38L: view

Pathways & Interactions for STK38L Gene

SuperPathways for STK38L Gene

No Data Available

SIGNOR curated interactions for STK38L Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for STK38L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IEA,IDA 15037617
GO:0016310 phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0018105 peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IBA --
GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction IDA 15067004
GO:0051128 regulation of cellular component organization IEA,ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with STK38L: view

No data available for Pathways by source for STK38L Gene

Drugs & Compounds for STK38L Gene

(3) Drugs for STK38L Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0
calcium Nutra 0
Magnesium Nutra 0

(1) Additional Compounds for STK38L Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with STK38L: view

Transcripts for STK38L Gene

Unigene Clusters for STK38L Gene

Serine/threonine kinase 38 like:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for STK38L Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for STK38L Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for STK38L Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for STK38L Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for STK38L Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Artery - Aorta (x5.0) and Artery - Tibial (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for STK38L Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (10.3) and Frontal cortex (7.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for STK38L Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for STK38L Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of STK38L Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for STK38L Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for STK38L Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels observed in the thymus.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with STK38L: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for STK38L Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for STK38L Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia STK38L 34 35
  • 99.64 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia STK38L 35
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia STK38L 34 35
  • 95.26 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia STK38L 34 35
  • 94.83 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia STK38L 35
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Stk38l 34 16 35
  • 89.65 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Stk38l 34
  • 88.18 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves STK38L 34 35
  • 83.83 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia STK38L 35
  • 96 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia stk38l 34
  • 77.63 (n)
Str.11890 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii stk38l 34 35
  • 76.4 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta trc 36 35
  • 69 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sax-1 36 34 35
  • 62.2 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D07810g 34
  • 57.86 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CBK1 34 35
  • 57.56 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AFR035W 34
  • 55.3 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT4G33080 34
  • 56.37 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0186700 34
  • 56.78 (n)
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.1876 34
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.6269 34
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.5558 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 68 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes orb6 34
  • 55.91 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU07296 34
  • 51.62 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1672 34
Species where no ortholog for STK38L was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for STK38L Gene

Gene Tree for STK38L (if available)
Gene Tree for STK38L (if available)

Paralogs for STK38L Gene

Variants for STK38L Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for STK38L Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10219756 -- 27,320,353(+) cctcg(A/C)cctcc intron-variant
rs1026598 -- 27,262,400(+) ATGTT(C/T)AAATC intron-variant
rs1026599 -- 27,262,429(+) GCACT(A/G)TAGAA intron-variant
rs10431218 -- 27,296,881(+) GAAAC(A/G)GTACT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs10431267 -- 27,295,890(+) ATAAC(G/T)GCTTC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for STK38L Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1406n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv2417n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv263e214 CNV gain 21293372
dgv271e199 CNV deletion 23128226
dgv786n106 CNV deletion 24896259
esv1525868 CNV deletion 17803354
esv2395169 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2598897 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2667338 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2672021 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2745664 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2745667 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3253385 CNV deletion 24192839
esv3548925 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3628932 CNV loss 21293372
esv3628933 CNV gain 21293372
esv3628934 CNV loss 21293372
esv4652 CNV loss 18987735
esv7285 CNV loss 19470904
esv996338 CNV deletion 20482838
esv997751 CNV deletion 20482838
nsv1070100 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv436825 CNV insertion 17901297
nsv469175 CNV loss 19166990
nsv521872 CNV gain 19592680
nsv557808 CNV loss 21841781
nsv832356 CNV gain 17160897
nsv958659 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv975462 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for STK38L Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 25% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.35; 7.75% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for STK38L Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STK38L Gene

Disorders for STK38L Gene

Relevant External Links for STK38L

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for STK38L Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for STK38L Gene

Publications for STK38L Gene

  1. Regulation of NDR2 protein kinase by multi-site phosphorylation and the S100B calcium-binding protein. (PMID: 15037617) Stegert M.R. … Hemmings B.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 4 22 64
  2. Coeliac disease-associated risk variants in TNFAIP3 and REL implicate altered NF-kappaB signalling. (PMID: 19240061) Trynka G. … Wijmenga C. (Gut 2009) 3 46 64
  3. NDR2 acts as the upstream kinase of ARK5 during insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling. (PMID: 16488889) Suzuki A. … Esumi H. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006) 2 3 64
  4. HIV-1 incorporates and proteolytically processes human NDR1 and NDR2 serine-threonine kinases. (PMID: 15582665) Devroe E. … Engelman A. (Virology 2005) 3 22 64
  5. Regulation of NDR protein kinase by hydrophobic motif phosphorylation mediated by the mammalian Ste20-like kinase MST3. (PMID: 16314523) Stegert M.R. … Hemmings B.A. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 2005) 3 4 64

Products for STK38L Gene

Sources for STK38L Gene

Loading form....