External Ids for STIM2 Gene
This gene is a member of the stromal interaction molecule (STIM) family and likely arose, along with related family member STIM1, from a common ancestral gene. The encoded protein functions to regulate calcium concentrations in the cytosol and endoplasmic reticulum, and is involved in the activation of plasma membrane Orai Ca(2+) entry channels. This gene initiates translation from a non-AUG (UUG) start site. A signal peptide is cleaved from the resulting protein. Multiple transcript variants result from alternative splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]
GeneCards Summary for STIM2 Gene
STIM2 (Stromal Interaction Molecule 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Calcium signaling pathway and Ca, cAMP and Lipid Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and store-operated calcium channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is STIM1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for STIM2 Gene
Plays a role in mediating store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), a Ca(2+) influx following depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores. Functions as a highly sensitive Ca(2+) sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum which activates both store-operated and store-independent Ca(2+)-influx. Regulates basal cytosolic and endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) concentrations. Upon mild variations of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) concentration, translocates from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane where it probably activates the Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels ORAI1, ORAI2 and ORAI3. May inhibit STIM1-mediated Ca(2+) influx.
STIM-Orai channels have recently been identified as the underlying molecular mechanism of store-operated calcium entry (SOCE). SOCE allows rapid Ca2+ efflux from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), following the emptying of intracellular Ca2+ stores. STIM (sensors stromal interaction molecule) proteins, STIM1 and STIM2, serve as ER Ca2+ sensors. They contain N-terminal Ca2+-sensing EF-hand domains and are localized to the tubular ER. Following Ca2+ store depletion, STIMs rapidly cluster and relocalize to the plasma membrane-adjacent ER regions, where they oligomerize and form puncta. Orai proteins, Orai1, Orai2 and Orai3, are STIM binding partners that form the pore of the channel. Orai proteins are uniformly distributed in the plasma membrane and exist as dimers in the resting state. STIM activation induces tetramerization of Orai proteins and subsequent STIM-Orai colocalization, which forms the active store-operated calcium channel.