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Aliases for SRY Gene

Aliases for SRY Gene

  • Sex Determining Region Y 2 3
  • TDF 3 4 6
  • Testis-Determining Factor 2 4
  • SRXX1 3 6
  • SRXY1 3 6
  • TDY 3 6
  • Essential Protein For Sex Determination In Human Males 3
  • Sex Determining Region Y Protein 3
  • Sex-Determining Region Y Protein 3
  • Testis-Determining Factor On Y 3
  • Sex-Determining Region On Y 3

External Ids for SRY Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SRY Gene

  • GC0YM002562
  • GC0YM002300
  • GC0YM000007

Summaries for SRY Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SRY Gene

  • This intronless gene encodes a transcription factor that is a member of the high mobility group (HMG)-box family of DNA-binding proteins. This protein is the testis-determining factor (TDF), which initiates male sex determination. Mutations in this gene give rise to XY females with gonadal dysgenesis (Swyer syndrome); translocation of part of the Y chromosome containing this gene to the X chromosome causes XX male syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SRY Gene

SRY (Sex Determining Region Y) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SRY include 46xy sex reversal 1 and 46xx sex reversal 1. Among its related pathways are Androgen Signaling and Regulation of Androgen receptor activity. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor binding and RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is SOX3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SRY Gene

  • Transcriptional regulator that controls a genetic switch in male development. It is necessary and sufficient for initiating male sex determination by directing the development of supporting cell precursors (pre-Sertoli cells) as Sertoli rather than granulosa cells (By similarity). In male adult brain involved in the maintenance of motor functions of dopaminergic neurons (By similarity). Involved in different aspects of gene regulation including promoter activation or repression (By similarity). Promotes DNA bending. SRY HMG box recognizes DNA by partial intercalation in the minor groove. Also involved in pre-mRNA splicing. Binds to the DNA consensus sequence 5-[AT]AACAA[AT]-3.

Gene Wiki entry for SRY Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SRY Gene

Genomics for SRY Gene

Regulatory Elements for SRY Gene

Genomic Location for SRY Gene

Start:
2,786,855 bp from pter
End:
2,787,741 bp from pter
Size:
887 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for SRY Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SRY Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SRY Gene

Proteins for SRY Gene

  • Protein details for SRY Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q05066-SRY_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Sex-determining region Y protein
    Protein Accession:
    Q05066
    Secondary Accessions:

    Protein attributes for SRY Gene

    Size:
    204 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    23884 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CALM, EP300, HDAC3, KPNB1, ZNF208 isoform KRAB-O, PARP1, SLC9A3R2 and WT1. The interaction with EP300 modulates its DNA-binding activity. The interaction with KPNB1 is sensitive to dissociation by Ran in the GTP-bound form (By similarity). Interaction with PARP1 impaired its DNA-binding activity (By similarity).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SRY Gene

neXtProt entry for SRY Gene

Proteomics data for SRY Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SRY Gene

  • Acetylation of Lys-136 contributes to its nuclear localization and enhances its interaction with KPNB1. Deacetylated by HDAC3.
  • Phosphorylated on serine residues by PKA. Phosphorylation by PKA enhances its DNA-binding activity and stimulates transcription repression.
  • Poly-ADP-ribosylated by PARP1. ADP-ribosylation reduces its DNA-binding activity
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SRY Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SRY Gene

Domains for SRY Gene

Protein Domains for SRY Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q05066

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

SRY_HUMAN :
  • Q05066
Domain:
  • DNA binding and bending properties of the HMG domains of human and mouse SRY differ form each other. Human SRY shows more extensive minor groove contacts with DNA and a lower specificity of sequence recognition than mouse SRY
  • Contains 1 HMG box DNA-binding domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the SRY family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SRY: view

No data available for Gene Families for SRY Gene

Function for SRY Gene

Molecular function for SRY Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: sex determining region Y,testis determining factor antagonized by DAX1,modulator of LINE retroposons promoter activity
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Transcriptional regulator that controls a genetic switch in male development. It is necessary and sufficient for initiating male sex determination by directing the development of supporting cell precursors (pre-Sertoli cells) as Sertoli rather than granulosa cells (By similarity). In male adult brain involved in the maintenance of motor functions of dopaminergic neurons (By similarity). Involved in different aspects of gene regulation including promoter activation or repression (By similarity). Promotes DNA bending. SRY HMG box recognizes DNA by partial intercalation in the minor groove. Also involved in pre-mRNA splicing. Binds to the DNA consensus sequence 5-[AT]AACAA[AT]-3.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SRY Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IDA 1425584
GO:0003700 sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity --
GO:0003705 RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity IDA 21412441
GO:0005516 calmodulin binding IEA --
GO:0008134 transcription factor binding IPI 16582099
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SRY: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SRY: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SRY

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SRY Gene

Localization for SRY Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SRY Gene

Nucleus speckle. Cytoplasm. Note=Colocalizes with SOX6 in speckles. Colocalizes with CAML in the nucleus. Colocalizes in the nucleus with ZNF208 isoform KRAB-O and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SRY Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SRY gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3
extracellular 2
mitochondrion 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SRY Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus NAS 1425584
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0016607 nuclear speck IEA --
GO:0044798 nuclear transcription factor complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SRY: view

Pathways for SRY Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SRY: view

Pathways by source for SRY Gene

1 Qiagen pathway for SRY Gene
1 BioSystems pathway for SRY Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SRY Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0006366 transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0008584 male gonad development IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
GO:0030238 male sex determination NAS 1695712
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SRY: view

Compounds for SRY Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for SRY Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Guanosine triphosphate
  • 5'-GTP
86-01-1

(20) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for SRY Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
dmrt 58.9 1
testosterone 55.6 14
dihydrotestosterone 22.8 1
deoxyribonucleic acid 21.4 5
thymine 6.67 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SRY: view

Transcripts for SRY Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SRY Gene

(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SRY

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for SRY
  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SRY Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SRY Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SRY
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SRY

Expression for SRY Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SRY Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SRY Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (13.1), Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (8.3), and Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (7.1).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SRY Gene Hs.1992

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SRY: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein expression and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SRY Gene

Orthologs for SRY Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SRY Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SRY 35
  • 98.69 (n)
  • 96.57 (a)
SRY 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SRY 35
  • 73.09 (n)
  • 57.29 (a)
SRY 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sry 16
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii sox19a 36
  • 22 (a)
ManyToMany
sox19b 36
  • 24 (a)
ManyToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta SoxN 36
  • 13 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sox-2 36
  • 23 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 16 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for SRY:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SRY Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SRY (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SRY (if available)

Paralogs for SRY Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SRY: view

Variants for SRY Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SRY Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0Y pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2534636 -- 2,789,135(+) TGTTA(C/T)ACTGT upstream-variant-2KB
rs11575897 -- 2,787,139(-) TGCAG(C/T)GAAGT reference, synonymous-codon
rs104894956 Pathogenic, Pathogenic 2,787,278(-) GCCAT(C/T)CTTCC missense, reference
rs104894957 Pathogenic, Pathogenic 2,787,426(-) ATAGA(C/G)TGAAG missense, reference
rs104894958 Pathogenic, Pathogenic 2,787,327(-) GCAAG(C/T)AGCTG reference, stop-gained

Relevant External Links for SRY Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
SRY
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SRY

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SRY Gene

Disorders for SRY Gene

(2) OMIM Diseases for SRY Gene (480000)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

SRY_HUMAN
  • 46,XY sex reversal 1 (SRXY1) [MIM:400044]: A condition characterized by male-to-female sex reversal in the presence of a normal 46,XY karyotype. Patients manifest rapid and early degeneration of their gonads, which are present in the adult as streak gonads, consisting mainly of fibrous tissue and variable amounts of ovarian stroma. As a result these patients do not develop secondary sexual characteristics at puberty. The external genitalia in these subjects are completely female, and Muellerian structures are normal. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10670762, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10721678, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10843173, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10852465, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12107262, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12793612, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1339396, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1415266, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1483689, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1570829, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17063144, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2247149, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7717397, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7776083, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7985018, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8019555, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8105086, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8353496, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8447323, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9450909, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9521592, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9678356, ECO:0000269 Ref.41, ECO:0000269 Ref.47}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A 45,X chromosomal aberration involving SRY is found in Turner syndrome, a disease characterized by gonadal dysgenesis with short stature, "streak gonads", variable abnormalities such as webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, cardiac defects, low posterior hair line. The phenotype is female.
  • 46,XX sex reversal 1 (SRXX1) [MIM:400045]: A condition in which male gonads develop in a genetic female (female to male sex reversal). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10602113, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9652903}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(35) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for SRY Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
pure gonadal dysgenesis 92.5 25
swyer syndrome 91.1 14
hermaphroditism, true 89.4 12
gonadoblastoma 88.3 8
primary amenorrhea 77.6 5

Genatlas disease for SRY Gene

gonadal dysgenesis,Swyer syndrome,XY female complete or incomplete sex reversal

Relevant External Links for SRY

GeneTests
SRY
GeneReviews
SRY
Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SRY
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SRY
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SRY: view

Publications for SRY Gene

  1. Mutational analysis of SRY: nonsense and missense mutations in XY sex reversal. (PMID: 1339396) Hawkins J.R. … Goodfellow P.N. (Hum. Genet. 1992) 3 4 23
  2. Genetic evidence equating SRY and the testis-determining factor. (PMID: 2247149) Berta P. … Fellous M. (Nature 1990) 3 4 23
  3. Evidence that the SRY protein is encoded by a single exon on the human Y chromosome. (PMID: 8244390) Behlke M.A. … Page D.C. (Genomics 1993) 3 4 23
  4. Mutational analysis of SRY in XY females. (PMID: 8257986) Hawkins J.R. (Hum. Mutat. 1993) 3 4 23
  5. Analysis of the SRY gene in 22 sex-reversed XY females identifies four new point mutations in the conserved DNA binding domain. (PMID: 8353496) Affara N.A. … Ferguson-Smith M.A. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 1993) 3 4 23

Products for SRY Gene

Sources for SRY Gene

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