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Aliases for SPATA16 Gene

Aliases for SPATA16 Gene

  • Spermatogenesis Associated 16 2 3
  • Testis Development Protein NYD-SP12 3 4
  • SPGF6 3 6
  • Spermatogenesis-Associated Protein 16 3
  • Testis-Specific Golgi Protein 3
  • NYD-SP12 3

External Ids for SPATA16 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SPATA16 Gene

  • GC03M174090
  • GC03M172607
  • GC03M169978

Summaries for SPATA16 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SPATA16 Gene

  • This gene encodes a testis-specific protein that belongs to the tetratricopeptide repeat-like superfamily. The encoded protein localizes to the Golgi apparatus and may play a role in spermatogenesis. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]

GeneCards Summary for SPATA16 Gene

SPATA16 (Spermatogenesis Associated 16) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SPATA16 include spermatogenic failure 6 and male infertility due to globozoospermia.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SPATA16 Gene

  • Involved in the formation of sperm acrosome, which implicated its potential role in spermatogenesis and sperm-egg fusion.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SPATA16 Gene

Genomics for SPATA16 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SPATA16 Gene

Genomic Location for SPATA16 Gene

172,889,357 bp from pter
173,141,268 bp from pter
251,912 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SPATA16 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SPATA16 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SPATA16 Gene

Proteins for SPATA16 Gene

  • Protein details for SPATA16 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Spermatogenesis-associated protein 16
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q0R0N4
    • Q0R0S0
    • Q0R0W2
    • Q0R129
    • Q0R131
    • Q0R140
    • Q0R1B8
    • Q0R1G5
    • Q0R1I2
    • Q0R1J6
    • Q0R1S4
    • Q0R202
    • Q0R280
    • Q0R2F8
    • Q0R2N6
    • Q0R2N7
    • Q0R2R0
    • Q0R2R1
    • Q0R2S3
    • Q0R2S4
    • Q0R2S5
    • Q0R2T4
    • Q0R2T7
    • Q0R2U2
    • Q0R2U8
    • Q0R2U9
    • Q0R2V5
    • Q0R2V7
    • Q8NE67

    Protein attributes for SPATA16 Gene

    569 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    65263 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Association analysis reveals significant frequency of a synonymous (Ser-225) sequence polymorphism among clinical groups with different sperm traits: the donor group, which has the highest sperm count and motility level, has a significant higher polymorphism frequency compared to normal and asthenozoopermia groups

neXtProt entry for SPATA16 Gene

Proteomics data for SPATA16 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SPATA16 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SPATA16 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SPATA16 Gene

Domains for SPATA16 Gene

Protein Domains for SPATA16 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SPATA16 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9BXB7
  • Belongs to the SPATA16 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SPATA16: view

No data available for Gene Families for SPATA16 Gene

Function for SPATA16 Gene

Molecular function for SPATA16 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the formation of sperm acrosome, which implicated its potential role in spermatogenesis and sperm-egg fusion.

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SPATA16

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SPATA16 Gene

Localization for SPATA16 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SPATA16 Gene

Golgi apparatus. Note=Localized to the perinuclear region.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SPATA16 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SPATA16 gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SPATA16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SPATA16: view

Pathways for SPATA16 Gene

SuperPathways for SPATA16 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for SPATA16 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q9BXB7-SPT16_HUMAN for SPATA16 Gene via MINT

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SPATA16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organismal development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0030154 cell differentiation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SPATA16: view

No data available for Pathways by source for SPATA16 Gene

Transcripts for SPATA16 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SPATA16 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SPATA16 Gene

Spermatogenesis associated 16:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SPATA16

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SPATA16 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SPATA16 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SPATA16 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SPATA16 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SPATA16 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (52.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for SPATA16 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (37.0), Platelet (18.6), and Adipocyte (11.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for SPATA16 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SPATA16 Gene Hs.444236

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SPATA16 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in testis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SPATA16: view

Expression partners for SPATA16 Gene

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for SPATA16 Gene

Orthologs for SPATA16 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for SPATA16 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SPATA16 35
  • 90.58 (n)
  • 87.92 (a)
SPATA16 36
  • 87 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SPATA16 35
  • 90.42 (n)
  • 88.01 (a)
SPATA16 36
  • 87 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Spata16 35
  • 81.87 (n)
  • 79.23 (a)
Spata16 16
Spata16 36
  • 79 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SPATA16 35
  • 98.77 (n)
  • 96.65 (a)
SPATA16 36
  • 96 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SPATA16 36
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SPATA16 36
  • 69 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SPATA16 35
  • 69.24 (n)
  • 60.53 (a)
SPATA16 36
  • 55 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SPATA16 36
  • 75 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SPATA16:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for SPATA16 Gene

Gene Tree for SPATA16 (if available)
Gene Tree for SPATA16 (if available)

Paralogs for SPATA16 Gene Pseudogenes for SPATA16 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SPATA16: view

No data available for Paralogs for SPATA16 Gene

Variants for SPATA16 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SPATA16 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs480265 -- 173,062,306(+) CCTTG(G/T)GTTTT intron-variant
rs484212 -- 173,089,186(+) ACATC(C/T)ATAGA intron-variant
rs486277 -- 173,118,926(-) GAAGC(A/C)CAAGT intron-variant
rs490424 -- 173,041,456(+) TGGCA(A/G)TATCA intron-variant
rs500542 -- 173,019,351(-) TCAAC(A/G)TCAAA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SPATA16 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv7356 OTHER Inversion 18451855
nsv829795 CNV Gain 17160897
esv2556969 CNV Deletion 19546169
nsv877992 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv4119 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv519482 CNV Loss 19592680

Relevant External Links for SPATA16 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SPATA16 Gene

Disorders for SPATA16 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database.

Search for SPATA16 Gene in MalaCards »

(2) Diseases for SPATA16 Gene including...

(1) OMIM Diseases for SPATA16 Gene (609856)


  • Spermatogenic failure 6 (SPGF6) [MIM:102530]: An infertility disorder caused by spermatogenesis defects. The most prominent feature is the malformation of the acrosome, which can be totally absent in most severe cases. Additional features are an abnormal nuclear shape and abnormal arrangement of the mitochondria of the spermatozoon. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17847006}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive variation of SPATA16 has been shown to be responsible for the disease in a consanguineous family with members homozygous for the variation.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for SPATA16 Gene

Relevant External Links for SPATA16

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SPATA16: view

No data available for Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for SPATA16 Gene

Publications for SPATA16 Gene

  1. Identification and characterization of a novel human testis-specific Golgi protein, NYD-SP12. (PMID: 12529416) Xu M. … Sha J. (Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2003) 2 3 4 23
  2. Homozygous mutation in SPATA16 is associated with male infertility in human globozoospermia. (PMID: 17847006) Dam A.H. … Viville S. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2007) 2 3 4
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose J.E. … Uhl G.R. (Mol. Med. 2010) 3 48
  4. Rapid evolution, genetic variations, and functional association of the human spermatogenesis-related gene NYD-SP12. (PMID: 17665087) Zhang Q. … Su B. (J. Mol. Evol. 2007) 3 4
  5. A genome-wide search for loci interacting with known prostate cancer risk-associated genetic variants. (PMID: 22219177) Tao S. … Sun J. (Carcinogenesis 2012) 3 48

Products for SPATA16 Gene

Sources for SPATA16 Gene

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