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Aliases for SOS2 Gene

Aliases for SOS2 Gene

  • Son Of Sevenless Homolog 2 (Drosophila) 2 3
  • SOS-2 3 4
  • Son Of Sevenless (Drosophilia) Homolog 2 2
  • Guanine Nucleotide Releasing Factor 3
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor 3

External Ids for SOS2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SOS2 Gene

  • GC14M047905
  • GC14M044379
  • GC14M048573
  • GC14M048575
  • GC14M049654
  • GC14M050583
  • GC14M030709

Summaries for SOS2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for SOS2 Gene

SOS2 (Son Of Sevenless Homolog 2 (Drosophila)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SOS2 include noonan syndrome 9 and noonan syndrome 1. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and MAPK signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is RALGDS.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOS2 Gene

  • Promotes the exchange of Ras-bound GDP by GTP.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SOS2 Gene

Genomics for SOS2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SOS2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for SOS2 Gene

Chromosome:
14
Start:
50,117,120 bp from pter
End:
50,231,878 bp from pter
Size:
114,759 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for SOS2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SOS2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SOS2 Gene

Proteins for SOS2 Gene

  • Protein details for SOS2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q07890-SOS2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Son of sevenless homolog 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q07890
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B7ZKT6
    • D3DSB4
    • Q15503
    • Q17RN1

    Protein attributes for SOS2 Gene

    Size:
    1332 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    152979 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for SOS2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for SOS2 Gene

Proteomics data for SOS2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SOS2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SOS2 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SOS2 Gene

Domains & Families for SOS2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SOS2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q07890

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

SOS2_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 DH (DBL-homology) domain.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 DH (DBL-homology) domain.
  • Contains 1 N-terminal Ras-GEF domain.
  • Contains 1 PH domain.
  • Contains 1 Ras-GEF domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SOS2: view

Function for SOS2 Gene

Molecular function for SOS2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
Drosophila son of sevenless homolog 2, regulator of Ras
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Promotes the exchange of Ras-bound GDP by GTP.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SOS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0005085 guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity --
GO:0005088 Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity --
GO:0005089 Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 7629138
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOS2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SOS2: view

Animal Models for SOS2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SOS2:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SOS2

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SOS2 Gene

Localization for SOS2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SOS2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SOS2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SOS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOS2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOS2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SOS2 Gene

SuperPathways for SOS2 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 IL-7 Signaling Pathways
2 Translation Insulin regulation of translation
3 GPCR Pathway
4 Development Angiotensin activation of ERK
5 IL-2 Pathway
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SOS2: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

SIGNOR curated interactions for SOS2 Gene

Activates:
Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SOS2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001782 B cell homeostasis IEA --
GO:0002260 lymphocyte homeostasis --
GO:0007264 small GTPase mediated signal transduction TAS --
GO:0007411 axon guidance TAS --
GO:0033081 regulation of T cell differentiation in thymus IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOS2: view

Drugs & Compounds for SOS2 Gene

(5) Drugs for SOS2 Gene - From: NovoSeek and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0
Guanine Experimental Pharma 0
serine Nutra 420
threonine Nutra 16
tyrosine Nutra 547

(2) Additional Compounds for SOS2 Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
gdp
gtp
Partial agonist, Agonist
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SOS2: view

Transcripts for SOS2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SOS2 Gene

Son of sevenless homolog 2 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SOS2

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SOS2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SOS2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SOS2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SOS2

Expression for SOS2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SOS2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SOS2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal Brain (13.6), Heart (11.4), Testis (9.6), and Spleen (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for SOS2 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SOS2 Gene Hs.291533

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SOS2: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for SOS2 Gene

Orthologs for SOS2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for SOS2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SOS2 35
  • 93.21 (n)
  • 95.85 (a)
SOS2 36
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SOS2 35
  • 93.71 (n)
  • 97.01 (a)
SOS2 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sos2 35
  • 88.58 (n)
  • 95.04 (a)
Sos2 16
Sos2 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SOS2 35
  • 99.26 (n)
  • 99.08 (a)
SOS2 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sos2 35
  • 87.94 (n)
  • 94.74 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SOS2 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SOS2 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SOS2 35
  • 79.17 (n)
  • 86.74 (a)
SOS2 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SOS2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia sos2 35
  • 75.93 (n)
  • 84.16 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii sos2 35
  • 67.68 (n)
  • 74.5 (a)
sos2 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009180 35
  • 53.36 (n)
  • 53.42 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Sos 36
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sos-1 36
  • 30 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CDC25 36
  • 16 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for SOS2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SOS2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SOS2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SOS2 (if available)

Paralogs for SOS2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for SOS2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SOS2: view

Variants for SOS2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SOS2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs726797 -- 50,145,696(+) AAAGA(C/T)AGATG intron-variant
rs726798 -- 50,145,739(+) ATAGA(C/T)CCAAA intron-variant
rs990864 -- 50,232,831(+) CAGTA(C/T)TACAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs1014879 -- 50,145,683(+) GACAA(C/T)TAACC intron-variant
rs1955920 -- 50,166,291(+) gatct(C/T)ggctc intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SOS2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv28926 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545

Variation tolerance for SOS2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 18.46% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.57; 56.04% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SOS2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
SOS2
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SOS2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOS2 Gene

Disorders for SOS2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for SOS2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
noonan syndrome 9
  • ns9
noonan syndrome 1
  • noonan syndrome
malignant spindle cell melanoma
  • spitzoid malignant melanoma
- elite association
Search SOS2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for SOS2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SOS2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SOS2
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
SOS2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SOS2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SOS2 Gene

Publications for SOS2 Gene

  1. Mammalian homologues of the Drosophila Son of sevenless gene map to murine chromosomes 17 and 12 and to human chromosomes 2 and 14, respectively. (PMID: 8276400) Webb G.C. … Bowtell D.D. (Genomics 1993) 2 23 67
  2. Candidate gene association study of insulin signaling genes and Alzheimer's disease: evidence for SOS2, PCK1, and PPARgamma as susceptibility loci. (PMID: 17440948) Hamilton G. … Lovestone S. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2007) 23 67
  3. C3G-mediated suppression of oncogene-induced focus formation in fibroblasts involves inhibition of ERK activation, cyclin A expression and alterations of anchorage-independent growth. (PMID: 15077165) Guerrero C. … Santos E. (Oncogene 2004) 23 67
  4. Defective activation of p21ras in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. (PMID: 10433077) Rapoport M.J. … Bistritzer T. (Autoimmunity 1999) 23 67
  5. p55-hGRF, a short natural form of the Ras-GDP exchange factor high yield production and characterization. (PMID: 10469145) Meyer P. … Baudet-Nessler S. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1999) 23 67

Products for SOS2 Gene

Sources for SOS2 Gene

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