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Aliases for SOHLH1 Gene

Aliases for SOHLH1 Gene

  • Spermatogenesis And Oogenesis Specific Basic Helix-Loop-Helix 1 2 3 5
  • Spermatogenesis Associated 27 2 3
  • C9orf157 3 4
  • NOHLH 3 4
  • TEB2 3 4
  • Chromosome 9 Open Reading Frame 157 2
  • Newborn Ovary Helix Loop Helix 3
  • BA100C15.3 3
  • SPATA27 3
  • BHLHe80 3

External Ids for SOHLH1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SOHLH1 Gene

  • C9orf157

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SOHLH1 Gene

  • GC09M137726
  • GC09M138585
  • GC09M108046

Summaries for SOHLH1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SOHLH1 Gene

  • This gene encodes one of testis-specific transcription factors which are essential for spermatogenesis, oogenesis and folliculogenesis. This gene is located on chromosome 9. Mutations in this gene are associated with nonobstructive azoospermia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]

GeneCards Summary for SOHLH1 Gene

SOHLH1 (Spermatogenesis And Oogenesis Specific Basic Helix-Loop-Helix 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SOHLH1 include azoospermia and premature ovarian failure. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and protein dimerization activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOHLH1 Gene

  • Transcription factor expressed in undifferentiated spermatogonia required for spermatogonial development.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SOHLH1 Gene

Genomics for SOHLH1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SOHLH1 Gene

Promoters for SOHLH1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around SOHLH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SOHLH1 Gene

135,693,407 bp from pter
135,701,316 bp from pter
7,910 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SOHLH1 Gene

Genes around SOHLH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SOHLH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SOHLH1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SOHLH1 Gene

Proteins for SOHLH1 Gene

  • Protein details for SOHLH1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Spermatogenesis- and oogenesis-specific basic helix-loop-helix-containing protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • C9JG81
    • Q5EE14
    • Q5EGC2
    • Q8NEE3

    Protein attributes for SOHLH1 Gene

    328 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    34526 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAW78548.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for SOHLH1 Gene


neXtProt entry for SOHLH1 Gene

Proteomics data for SOHLH1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SOHLH1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SOHLH1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SOHLH1 Gene

Domains & Families for SOHLH1 Gene

Gene Families for SOHLH1 Gene

Protein Domains for SOHLH1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SOHLH1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) domain.
  • Contains 1 bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SOHLH1: view

Function for SOHLH1 Gene

Molecular function for SOHLH1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Transcription factor expressed in undifferentiated spermatogonia required for spermatogonial development.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SOHLH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0046983 protein dimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOHLH1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SOHLH1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SOHLH1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for SOHLH1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SOHLH1:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SOHLH1 Gene

Localization for SOHLH1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOHLH1 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SOHLH1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SOHLH1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SOHLH1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SOHLH1 Gene

SuperPathways for SOHLH1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for SOHLH1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SOHLH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001541 ovarian follicle development IEA --
GO:0010468 regulation of gene expression IEA --
GO:0045944 positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOHLH1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for SOHLH1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SOHLH1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for SOHLH1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SOHLH1 Gene

(5) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(5) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for SOHLH1 Gene

Spermatogenesis and oogenesis specific basic helix-loop-helix 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SOHLH1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SOHLH1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SOHLH1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SOHLH1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SOHLH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cortex (x14.2), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x9.0), Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x7.3), Testis (x6.1), and Brain - Hippocampus (x4.9).

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SOHLH1 Gene Hs.120464

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SOHLH1: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for SOHLH1 Gene

Orthologs for SOHLH1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for SOHLH1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SOHLH1 35
  • 98.97 (n)
  • 98.45 (a)
  • 98 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SOHLH1 36
  • 50 (a)
  • 71.09 (n)
  • 59.55 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SOHLH1 35
  • 72.03 (n)
  • 56.66 (a)
  • 44 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sohlh1 16
Sohlh1 36
  • 45 (a)
Sohlh1 35
  • 62.86 (n)
  • 51.65 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SOHLH1 36
  • 26 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sohlh1 35
  • 61.68 (n)
  • 50.73 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SOHLH1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for SOHLH1 Gene

Gene Tree for SOHLH1 (if available)
Gene Tree for SOHLH1 (if available)

Paralogs for SOHLH1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for SOHLH1 Gene

Variants for SOHLH1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SOHLH1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs471525 - 135,699,082(+) AGCCC(C/T)GGGCC reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs3119932 - 135,695,120(+) CAGGG(A/G)CCCAG reference, missense
rs199935200 - 135,699,101(+) GCAGC(A/G)GGAGA reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs201142743 - 135,696,744(+) CTCTG(G/T)GCTGG reference, missense
rs529976 -- 135,698,501(-) CAGAG(A/G)TATTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SOHLH1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv894256 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv831756 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv818735 CNV Gain 17921354
nsv517335 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv8368n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv818736 CNV Gain 17921354
nsv469914 CNV Loss 18288195
dgv8369n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv825171 CNV Gain 20364138
nsv415465 CNV Insertion 16902084
esv1601054 CNV Insertion 17803354
nsv415350 CNV Insertion 16902084
dgv954n27 CNV Loss 19166990
dgv8370n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv469915 CNV Gain 18288195
dgv8371n71 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for SOHLH1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 94.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.28; 40.77% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SOHLH1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOHLH1 Gene

Disorders for SOHLH1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for SOHLH1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • spermatogenic failure
premature ovarian failure
  • hypergonadotropic hypogonadism
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Note=Genetic variations in SOHLH1 may be associated with non-obstructive azoospermia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:20506135}.

Relevant External Links for SOHLH1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SOHLH1: view

No data available for Genatlas for SOHLH1 Gene

Publications for SOHLH1 Gene

  1. Mutations in SOHLH1 gene associate with nonobstructive azoospermia. (PMID: 20506135) Choi Y. … Shim S.H. (Hum. Mutat. 2010) 3 4 48 67
  2. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 2 3
  3. Transcription factor SOHLH1 potentially associated with primary ovarian insufficiency. (PMID: 25527234) Zhao S. … Chen Z.J. (Fertil. Steril. 2015) 3
  4. Association of genetic variants in SOHLH1 and SOHLH2 with non-obstructive azoospermia risk in the Chinese population. (PMID: 25463635) Song B. … Cao Y.X. (Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol. 2015) 3
  5. Transcriptional control of KIT gene expression during germ cell development. (PMID: 23784828) Rossi P. (Int. J. Dev. Biol. 2013) 3

Products for SOHLH1 Gene

Sources for SOHLH1 Gene

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