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Aliases for SOD2 Gene

Aliases for SOD2 Gene

  • Superoxide Dismutase 2, Mitochondrial 2 3
  • EC 4 63
  • MNSOD 3 6
  • MVCD6 3 6
  • Manganese-Containing Superoxide Dismutase 3
  • Superoxide Dismutase [Mn], Mitochondrial 3
  • Mangano-Superoxide Dismutase 3
  • Mn Superoxide Dismutase 3
  • Indophenoloxidase B 3
  • IPOB 3

External Ids for SOD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SOD2 Gene

  • GC06M159539
  • GC06M159973
  • GC06M160009
  • GC06M160012
  • GC06M160070
  • GC06M160020
  • GC06M160102
  • GC06M157570

Summaries for SOD2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SOD2 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the iron/manganese superoxide dismutase family. It encodes a mitochondrial protein that forms a homotetramer and binds one manganese ion per subunit. This protein binds to the superoxide byproducts of oxidative phosphorylation and converts them to hydrogen peroxide and diatomic oxygen. Mutations in this gene have been associated with idiopathic cardiomyopathy (IDC), premature aging, sporadic motor neuron disease, and cancer. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SOD2 Gene

SOD2 (Superoxide Dismutase 2, Mitochondrial) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SOD2 include microvascular complications of diabetes 6 and motor neuron disease. Among its related pathways are Cellular Senescence and PEDF Induced Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and oxygen binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOD2 Gene

  • Destroys superoxide anion radicals which are normally produced within the cells and which are toxic to biological systems.

Gene Wiki entry for SOD2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SOD2 Gene

Genomics for SOD2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SOD2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for SOD2 Gene

159,669,057 bp from pter
159,762,529 bp from pter
93,473 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SOD2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SOD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SOD2 Gene

Proteins for SOD2 Gene

  • Protein details for SOD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Superoxide dismutase [Mn], mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R7R1
    • B3KUK2
    • B4DL20
    • B4E3K9
    • E1P5A9
    • P78434
    • Q16792
    • Q5TCM1
    • Q96EE6
    • Q9P2Z3

    Protein attributes for SOD2 Gene

    222 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    24722 Da
    Name=Mn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29035; Note=Binds 1 Mn(2+) ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for SOD2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for SOD2 Gene


neXtProt entry for SOD2 Gene

Proteomics data for SOD2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SOD2 Gene

  • Acetylation at Lys-122 decreases enzymatic activity. Deacetylated by SIRT3 upon exposure to ionizing radiations or after long fasting (By similarity).
  • Nitrated under oxidative stress. Nitration coupled with oxidation inhibits the catalytic activity.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys130
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for SOD2 (SOD2)

Domains for SOD2 Gene

Protein Domains for SOD2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the iron/manganese superoxide dismutase family.
  • Belongs to the iron/manganese superoxide dismutase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SOD2: view

No data available for Gene Families for SOD2 Gene

Function for SOD2 Gene

Molecular function for SOD2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
manganese superoxide dismutase 2,mitochondrial,catabolic pathway of activated oxygen species,free radical detoxification,susceptibility factor for non familial idiopathy dilated cardiomyopathy in Japanese
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
2 superoxide + 2 H(+) = O(2) + H(2)O(2)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Destroys superoxide anion radicals which are normally produced within the cells and which are toxic to biological systems.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Expression is regulated by KRIT1.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for SOD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SOD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0004784 superoxide dismutase activity TAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0019825 oxygen binding IEA --
GO:0030145 manganese ion binding TAS 10511315
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOD2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SOD2: view

Animal Models for SOD2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SOD2:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SOD2 Gene

Localization for SOD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOD2 Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SOD2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SOD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
chloroplast 3
cytosol 3
extracellular 3
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 3
cytoskeleton 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
lysosome 2
peroxisome 2
vacuole 2
golgi apparatus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SOD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA 12551919
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS 10511315
GO:0042645 mitochondrial nucleoid IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOD2: view

Pathways for SOD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SOD2: view

Pathways by source for SOD2 Gene

PCR Array Products

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SOD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000302 response to reactive oxygen species TAS --
GO:0000303 response to superoxide IMP 16179351
GO:0001306 age-dependent response to oxidative stress --
GO:0001315 age-dependent response to reactive oxygen species IMP 14980699
GO:0001666 response to hypoxia IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOD2: view

Compounds for SOD2 Gene

(2) Drugbank Compounds for SOD2 Gene

Compound Status Synonyms Cas Number PubChem ID Type Actions PubMed IDs
  • 3-fluoro-L-tyrosine
403-90-7 643330 Target experimental
Benzylsulfinic Acid
3311411 Target experimental

(7) HMDB Compounds for SOD2 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Cu
Hydrogen peroxide
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Armco iron
  • manganese
  • Oxygen

(144) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for SOD2 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
manganese superoxide 99.1 251
superoxide 91.8 170
zinc superoxide 84.7 54
oxygen 79.1 121
manganese 76.3 119

(1) PharmGKB related drug/compound annotations for SOD2 Gene

Drug/compound Annotation
cyclophosphamide CA
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SOD2: view

Transcripts for SOD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SOD2 Gene

Superoxide dismutase 2, mitochondrial:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SOD2

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SOD2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e · 8f ^ 9
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: - - - - - - -
SP5: - -
SP6: -
SP7: - -

Relevant External Links for SOD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SOD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SOD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SOD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (16.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for SOD2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SOD2 Gene Hs.487046

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SOD2: view

Expression partners for SOD2 Gene

* - Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SOD2 Gene

Orthologs for SOD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for SOD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SOD2 35
  • 88.29 (n)
  • 91.44 (a)
SOD2 36
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SOD2 35
  • 88.59 (n)
  • 91.44 (a)
SOD2 36
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Sod2 35
  • 86.94 (n)
  • 90.09 (a)
Sod2 16
Sod2 36
  • 90 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SOD2 35
  • 99.83 (n)
  • 100 (a)
SOD2 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Sod2 35
  • 86.04 (n)
  • 87.84 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SOD2 36
  • 88 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SOD2 36
  • 88 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SOD2 35
  • 79.73 (n)
  • 84.68 (a)
SOD2 36
  • 83 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SOD2 36
  • 81 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia sod2 35
  • 72.82 (n)
  • 82.43 (a)
Str.15249 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.23883 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii sod2 35
  • 72.58 (n)
  • 83.18 (a)
sod2 36
  • 79 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.13830 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Sod2 37
  • 62 (a)
Sod2 35
  • 62.87 (n)
  • 62.38 (a)
Sod2 36
  • 59 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta MNSOD1 35
  • 63.62 (n)
  • 63.46 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sod-2 37
  • 64 (a)
sod-3 37
  • 61 (a)
sod-2 35
  • 61.84 (n)
  • 63.8 (a)
sod-2 36
  • 64 (a)
sod-3 36
  • 61 (a)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_ADR160W 35
  • 55.61 (n)
  • 51.02 (a)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0E03609g 35
  • 55.4 (n)
  • 50.46 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes SOD2 35
  • 55.07 (n)
  • 49.02 (a)
SOD2 36
  • 42 (a)
SOD2 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons MSD1 35
  • 60.66 (n)
  • 57.82 (a)
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.7748 35
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.4610 35
Os05g0323900 35
  • 62.48 (n)
  • 59.16 (a)
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.1987 35
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2423 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU09560 35
  • 57.01 (n)
  • 51.4 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPAC1486.01 35
  • 56.54 (n)
  • 52.36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2788 36
  • 71 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SOD2:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SOD2 Gene

Gene Tree for SOD2 (if available)
Gene Tree for SOD2 (if available)

Paralogs for SOD2 Gene Pseudogenes for SOD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SOD2: view

No data available for Paralogs for SOD2 Gene

Variants for SOD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SOD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs4880 other, - 159,692,840(-) TCCGG(C/T)TTTGG missense, reference
rs7855 -- 159,679,270(+) AGGAC(A/G)TTATC utr-variant-3-prime
rs8031 -- 159,679,608(-) AATAC(A/T)GTTTT intron-variant
rs10370 -- 159,680,500(-) AAAAA(A/C)ATTTA intron-variant
rs11854 -- 159,680,304(+) AAGCA(A/G)TAATC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SOD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2023e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv886806 CNV Loss 21882294
esv33081 CNV Gain 17666407

Relevant External Links for SOD2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOD2 Gene

Disorders for SOD2 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for SOD2 Gene (147460)


  • Microvascular complications of diabetes 6 (MVCD6) [MIM:612634]: Pathological conditions that develop in numerous tissues and organs as a consequence of diabetes mellitus. They include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy leading to end-stage renal disease, and diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic retinopathy remains the major cause of new-onset blindness among diabetic adults. It is characterized by vascular permeability and increased tissue ischemia and angiogenesis. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(92) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for SOD2 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
necrosis 58.7 98
tumors 54.5 208
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 49 14
cancer 47.5 117
cell damage 42.9 9

Relevant External Links for SOD2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SOD2: view

No data available for Genatlas for SOD2 Gene

Publications for SOD2 Gene

  1. The polymorphism of manganese superoxide dismutase is associated with diabetic nephropathy in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. (PMID: 12624725) Nomiyama T. … Kawamori R. (J. Hum. Genet. 2003) 3 4 23 48
  2. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) polymorphism, alpha-tocopherol supplementation and prostate cancer risk in the alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene cancer prevention study (Finland). (PMID: 12948282) Woodson K. … Albanes D. (Cancer Causes Control 2003) 3 23 48
  3. MnSOD polymorphism and breast cancer in a population-based case-control study. (PMID: 12963120) Egan K.M. … Ambrosone C.B. (Cancer Lett. 2003) 3 23 48
  4. Genetic variants of GPX1 and SOD2 and breast cancer risk at the Ontario site of the Breast Cancer Family Registry. (PMID: 14744747) Knight J.A. … Ozcelik H. (Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 2004) 3 23 48
  5. Manganese superoxide dismutase polymorphism, plasma antioxidants, cigarette smoking, and risk of breast cancer. (PMID: 15184255) Tamimi R.M. … Hunter D.J. (Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 2004) 3 23 48

Products for SOD2 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for SOD2

Sources for SOD2 Gene

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