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Aliases for SOAT1 Gene

Aliases for SOAT1 Gene

  • Sterol O-Acyltransferase 1 2 3
  • Sterol O-Acyltransferase (Acyl-Coenzyme A: Cholesterol Acyltransferase) 1 2 3
  • Acyl-Coenzyme A:Cholesterol Acyltransferase 1 3 4
  • EC 2.3.1.26 4 63
  • ACAT-1 3 4
  • ACACT 3 4
  • ACAT1 3 4
  • SOAT 3 4
  • ACAT 3 4
  • STAT 3 4
  • Acyl-Coenzyme A: Cholesterol Acyltransferase 2
  • Cholesterol Acyltransferase 1 4
  • ACACT1 4

External Ids for SOAT1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SOAT1 Gene

  • SOAT
  • STAT

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SOAT1 Gene

  • GC01P176787
  • GC01P174691
  • GC01P175783
  • GC01P176502
  • GC01P176453
  • GC01P175994
  • GC01P177529
  • GC01P150491

Summaries for SOAT1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SOAT1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the acyltransferase family. It is located in the endoplasmic reticulum, and catalyzes the formation of fatty acid-cholesterol esters. This gene has been implicated in the formation of beta-amyloid and atherosclerotic plaques by controlling the equilibrium between free cholesterol and cytoplasmic cholesteryl esters. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

GeneCards Summary for SOAT1 Gene

SOAT1 (Sterol O-Acyltransferase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SOAT1 include chronic leukemia and focal dermal hypoplasia. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Carbon metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include cholesterol binding and sterol O-acyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SOAT2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOAT1 Gene

  • Catalyzes the formation of fatty acid-cholesterol esters, which are less soluble in membranes than cholesterol. Plays a role in lipoprotein assembly and dietary cholesterol absorption. In addition to its acyltransferase activity, it may act as a ligase

Tocris Summary for SOAT1 Gene

Gene Wiki entry for SOAT1 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SOAT1 Gene

Genomics for SOAT1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SOAT1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for SOAT1 Gene

Chromosome:
1
Start:
179,293,714 bp from pter
End:
179,358,680 bp from pter
Size:
64,967 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for SOAT1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SOAT1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SOAT1 Gene

Proteins for SOAT1 Gene

  • Protein details for SOAT1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P35610-SOAT1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Sterol O-acyltransferase 1
    Protein Accession:
    P35610
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NC40
    • A8K3P4
    • A9Z1V7
    • B4DU95
    • Q5T0X4
    • Q8N1E4

    Protein attributes for SOAT1 Gene

    Size:
    550 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64735 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • May form homo- or heterodimers. Interacts with UBIAD1.

    Alternative splice isoforms for SOAT1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for SOAT1 Gene

Proteomics data for SOAT1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SOAT1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 45, Lys 62, Lys 120, and Lys 531
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for SOAT1 Gene

Domains & Families for SOAT1 Gene

Protein Domains for SOAT1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P35610

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

SOAT1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the membrane-bound acyltransferase family. Sterol o-acyltransferase subfamily.
Family:
  • Belongs to the membrane-bound acyltransferase family. Sterol o-acyltransferase subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SOAT1: view

No data available for Gene Families for SOAT1 Gene

Function for SOAT1 Gene

Molecular function for SOAT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Acyl-CoA + cholesterol = CoA + cholesterol ester
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the formation of fatty acid-cholesterol esters, which are less soluble in membranes than cholesterol. Plays a role in lipoprotein assembly and dietary cholesterol absorption. In addition to its acyltransferase activity, it may act as a ligase
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Highly activated by the presence of cholesterol

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for SOAT1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SOAT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000062 fatty-acyl-CoA binding IDA 16647063
GO:0004772 sterol O-acyltransferase activity IMP 8407899
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 23169578
GO:0008374 O-acyltransferase activity --
GO:0015485 cholesterol binding IDA 16647063
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOAT1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SOAT1: view

Animal Models for SOAT1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SOAT1:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SOAT1 Gene

Localization for SOAT1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOAT1 Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SOAT1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SOAT1 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 4
extracellular 2
cytosol 1
endosome 1
lysosome 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SOAT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IDA 10623671
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IDA 17412327
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 9756919
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOAT1: view

Pathways & Interactions for SOAT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SOAT1: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
    • Lipoprotein Signaling & Cholesterol Metabolism in human,mouse,rat

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SOAT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0008203 cholesterol metabolic process IMP 8407899
GO:0010742 macrophage derived foam cell differentiation NAS 18971559
GO:0010878 cholesterol storage IMP 8407899
GO:0033344 cholesterol efflux IMP 15308631
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SOAT1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SOAT1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SOAT1 Gene

(36) Drugs for SOAT1 Gene - From: NovoSeek, HMDB, DGIdb, and DrugBank

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Ezetimibe Approved Pharma Target, inhibitor Cholesterol transport inhibitor 252
Hesperetin Approved Pharma Target, inhibitor 0
Atorvastatin Approved Pharma Competitive, Inhibitor 690
Bezafibrate Approved Pharma Agonist 11
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational Pharma Agonist 1806

(107) Additional Compounds for SOAT1 Gene - From: NovoSeek, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(2E)-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
10018-95-8
(2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
1066-12-2
(2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
4460-95-1
(2E)-Octenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoic acid
  • 2,3-trans-Octenoyl coenzyme A
10018-94-7
(2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-CoA.
  • Trans-tetra-dec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
38795-33-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SOAT1: view

Transcripts for SOAT1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SOAT1 Gene

Sterol O-acyltransferase 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SOAT1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SOAT1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SOAT1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SOAT1

Expression for SOAT1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SOAT1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SOAT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (x11.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SOAT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Monocytes (18.8), Breast (11.5), Adrenal (8.6), Islet of Langerhans (8.1), and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for SOAT1 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SOAT1 Gene Hs.445588

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SOAT1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SOAT1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SOAT1 Gene

Orthologs for SOAT1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for SOAT1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SOAT1 35
  • 87.92 (n)
  • 85.25 (a)
SOAT1 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC490325 35
  • 90.77 (n)
  • 89.98 (a)
SOAT1 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Soat1 35
  • 83.89 (n)
  • 87.04 (a)
Soat1 16
Soat1 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SOAT1 35
  • 99.94 (n)
  • 100 (a)
SOAT1 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Soat1 35
  • 83.85 (n)
  • 86.24 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SOAT1 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SOAT1 35
  • 69.61 (n)
  • 70.72 (a)
SOAT1 36
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SOAT1 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia soat1 35
  • 66.11 (n)
  • 68.69 (a)
Str.11436 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii soat1 35
  • 62.54 (n)
  • 61.92 (a)
soat1 36
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8112 37
  • 37 (a)
CG8112 35
  • 46.09 (n)
  • 39.3 (a)
CG8112 36
  • 34 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012216 35
  • 48.11 (n)
  • 38.03 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea B0395.2 37
  • 35 (a)
mboa-1 35
  • 47.38 (n)
  • 36.22 (a)
mboa-1 36
  • 28 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ARE1 36
  • 15 (a)
ManyToMany
ARE2 36
  • 15 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for SOAT1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SOAT1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SOAT1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SOAT1 (if available)

Paralogs for SOAT1 Gene

Paralogs for SOAT1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for SOAT1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SOAT1: view

Variants for SOAT1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SOAT1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs61821737 -- 179,297,816(+) CACCT(C/G)AGGTT intron-variant
rs61821738 -- 179,298,186(+) TCAAG(C/T)GATTC intron-variant
rs61821739 -- 179,304,189(+) TTGGG(A/G)AGTAA intron-variant
rs61821740 -- 179,306,782(+) GCTGA(G/T)ATCAT intron-variant
rs61824360 -- 179,308,727(+) CATAT(A/T)AATTT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SOAT1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2666168 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv990767 CNV Deletion 20482838
nsv523708 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv518403 CNV Gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for SOAT1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 25.62% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.59; 78.07% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SOAT1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
SOAT1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SOAT1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SOAT1 Gene

Disorders for SOAT1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for SOAT1 Gene - From: DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
chronic leukemia
focal dermal hypoplasia
  • goltz syndrome
sitosterolemia
  • beta-sitosterolemia
gallbladder disease
  • gall bladder
hypercholesterolemia, familial
  • hypercholesterolemia, familial, modifier of
- elite association
Search SOAT1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for SOAT1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SOAT1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SOAT1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
SOAT1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SOAT1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SOAT1 Gene

Publications for SOAT1 Gene

  1. Molecular pathways and agents for lowering LDL-cholesterol in addition to statins. (PMID: 20227438) Costet P. (Pharmacol. Ther. 2010) 25 26 67
  2. Secretion of hepatocyte apoB is inhibited by the flavonoids, naringenin and hesperetin, via reduced activity and expression of ACAT2 and MTP. (PMID: 11352979) Wilcox L.J. … Huff M.W. (J. Lipid Res. 2001) 23 25 67
  3. Molecular cloning and functional expression of human acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase cDNA in mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells. (PMID: 8407899) Chang C.C.Y. … Chang T.-Y. (J. Biol. Chem. 1993) 2 23 67
  4. Phosphorylation-acetylation switch in the regulation of STAT1 signaling. (PMID: 19879327) KrAomer O.H. … Heinzel T. (Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 2010) 23 67
  5. STAT-phosphorylation-independent induction of interferon regulatory factor-9 by interferon-beta. (PMID: 20038197) Rani M.R. … Ransohoff R.M. (J. Interferon Cytokine Res. 2010) 23 67

Products for SOAT1 Gene

Sources for SOAT1 Gene

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