Aliases for SMG1 Gene
External Ids for SMG1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SMG1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein involved in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) as part of the mRNA surveillance complex. The protein has kinase activity and is thought to function in NMD by phosphorylating the regulator of nonsense transcripts 1 protein. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their full-length nature has yet to be determined. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]
GeneCards Summary for SMG1 Gene
SMG1 (SMG1 Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase-Related Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and mRNA surveillance pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and protein kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MTOR.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SMG1 Gene
Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in both mRNA surveillance and genotoxic stress response pathways. Recognizes the substrate consensus sequence [ST]-Q. Plays a central role in nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) of mRNAs containing premature stop codons by phosphorylating UPF1/RENT1. Recruited by release factors to stalled ribosomes together with SMG8 and SMG9 (forming the SMG1C protein kinase complex), and UPF1 to form the transient SURF (SMG1-UPF1-eRF1-eRF3) complex. In EJC-dependent NMD, the SURF complex associates with the exon junction complex (EJC) through UPF2 and allows the formation of an UPF1-UPF2-UPF3 surveillance complex which is believed to activate NMD. Also acts as a genotoxic stress-activated protein kinase that displays some functional overlap with ATM. Can phosphorylate p53/TP53 and is required for optimal p53/TP53 activation after cellular exposure to genotoxic stress. Its depletion leads to spontaneous DNA damage and increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation (IR). May activate PRKCI but not PRKCZ.