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Aliases for SLC6A1 Gene

Aliases for SLC6A1 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 1 2 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 6 (Neurotransmitter Transporter), Member 1 2 3 5
  • Solute Carrier Family 6 (Neurotransmitter Transporter, GABA), Member 1 2 3
  • GABA Transporter 1 2 3
  • GABATR 3 4
  • GAT-1 3 4
  • GAT1 3 4
  • GABT1 4
  • MAE 3

External Ids for SLC6A1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC6A1 Gene

  • GC03P010986

Summaries for SLC6A1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC6A1 Gene

  • The SLC6A1 gene encodes a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter, which removes GABA from the synaptic cleft (Hirunsatit et al., 2009 [PubMed 19077666]).[supplied by OMIM, Jul 2009]

GeneCards Summary for SLC6A1 Gene

SLC6A1 (Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC6A1 include Myoclonic-Atonic Epilepsy and Myoclonic-Astastic Epilepsy. Among its related pathways are Monoamine Transport and Transmission across Chemical Synapses. GO annotations related to this gene include neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity and gamma-aminobutyric acid:sodium symporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC6A4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC6A1 Gene

  • Terminates the action of GABA by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.

Tocris Summary for SLC6A1 Gene

  • GABA transporters are sodium- and chloride-dependent members of the solute carrier family 6 (SLC6) that mediate the rapid removal of GABA and maintain low extracellular levels. Four 12-TM domain transporters have been identified and localized to neurons and glia.

Gene Wiki entry for SLC6A1 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC6A1 Gene

Genomics for SLC6A1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC6A1 Gene

Enhancers for SLC6A1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around SLC6A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SLC6A1 Gene

10,992,724 bp from pter
11,039,249 bp from pter
46,526 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SLC6A1 Gene

Genes around SLC6A1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SLC6A1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SLC6A1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC6A1 Gene

Proteins for SLC6A1 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC6A1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Sodium- and chloride-dependent GABA transporter 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N4K8

    Protein attributes for SLC6A1 Gene

    599 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    67074 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with MPP5.
    • This protein is the target of psychomotor stimulants such as amphetamines or cocaine.

neXtProt entry for SLC6A1 Gene

Proteomics data for SLC6A1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SLC6A1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 176, Asn 181, and Asn 184
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for SLC6A1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC6A1 Gene

Domains & Families for SLC6A1 Gene

Gene Families for SLC6A1 Gene


Protein Domains for SLC6A1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC6A1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The PDZ domain-binding motif is involved in the interaction with MPP5.
  • Belongs to the sodium:neurotransmitter symporter (SNF) (TC 2.A.22) family. SLC6A1 subfamily.
  • The PDZ domain-binding motif is involved in the interaction with MPP5.
  • Belongs to the sodium:neurotransmitter symporter (SNF) (TC 2.A.22) family. SLC6A1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC6A1: view

Function for SLC6A1 Gene

Molecular function for SLC6A1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
solute carrier family 6,member A1,neurotransmitter transporter,GABA,see COLOT1
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Terminates the action of GABA by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC6A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC6A1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC6A1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SLC6A1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for SLC6A1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SLC6A1:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SLC6A1 Gene

Localization for SLC6A1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC6A1 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Note=Localized at the plasma membrane and in a subset of intracellular vesicles. Localized at the presynaptic terminals of interneurons (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SLC6A1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC6A1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 2
mitochondrion 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC6A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016020 membrane TAS 2387399
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC6A1: view

Pathways & Interactions for SLC6A1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC6A1: view

Pathways by source for SLC6A1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC6A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport NAS 8530094
GO:0007612 learning IEA --
GO:0009744 response to sucrose IEA --
GO:0010243 response to organonitrogen compound IEA --
GO:0014054 positive regulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid secretion IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC6A1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SLC6A1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SLC6A1 Gene

(19) Drugs for SLC6A1 Gene - From: DrugBank, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Tiagabine Approved Pharma Inhibition, Inhibitor, inhibitor, Target 20
Clobazam Approved, Illicit Pharma Transporter, Other 19
Cocaine Approved, Illicit Pharma inhibitor 464
Guvacine Experimental Pharma Target, inhibitor 0
beta-Alanine Experimental Pharma Full agonist, Agonist Endogenous glycine agonist, more selective than taurine (Cat. No. 0209) 0

(13) Additional Compounds for SLC6A1 Gene - From: Novoseek, IUPHAR, Tocris, and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Sodium
  • Sodium ion
Inhibition, Inhibitor
Inhibition, Inhibitor
(+-)-Nipecotic acid
Guvacine hydrochloride

(5) Tocris Compounds for SLC6A1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(+-)-Nipecotic acid GABA uptake inhibitor 60252-41-7
beta-Alanine Endogenous glycine agonist, more selective than taurine (Cat. No. 0209) 107-95-9
Guvacine hydrochloride Specific GABA uptake inhibitor 6027-91-4
Riluzole hydrochloride Glutamate release inhibitor/GABA uptake inhibitor 850608-87-6
TACA GABAA agonist. Also GABA-T substrate and GABA uptake inhibitor 38090-53-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC6A1: view

Transcripts for SLC6A1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC6A1 Gene

Solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter, GABA), member 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC6A1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SLC6A1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC6A1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SLC6A1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC6A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x5.2), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (x4.8), Brain - Amygdala (x4.8), Brain - Caudate (basal ganglia) (x4.7), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x4.3), and Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SLC6A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Frontal cortex (43.6) and Retina (16.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SLC6A1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC6A1 Gene Hs.443874

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SLC6A1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SLC6A1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC6A1 Gene

Orthologs for SLC6A1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SLC6A1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC6A1 35
  • 91.99 (n)
  • 97.66 (a)
SLC6A1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC6A1 35
  • 93.43 (n)
  • 99 (a)
SLC6A1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc6a1 35
  • 90.21 (n)
  • 98 (a)
Slc6a1 16
Slc6a1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC6A1 35
  • 98.38 (n)
  • 98.66 (a)
SLC6A1 36
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc6a1 35
  • 90.09 (n)
  • 98 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC6A1 36
  • 95 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SLC6A1 36
  • 75 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SLC6A1 35
  • 78.82 (n)
  • 93.31 (a)
SLC6A1 36
  • 93 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SLC6A1 36
  • 91 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100127682 35
  • 77.85 (n)
  • 90.32 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii slc6a1b 35
  • 77.2 (n)
  • 85.28 (a)
slc6a1a 36
  • 73 (a)
slc6a1b 36
  • 85 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta BG:DS03431.1 37
  • 35 (a)
CG10804 37
  • 38 (a)
CG1732 37
  • 59 (a)
CG3252 37
  • 34 (a)
CG4476 37
  • 34 (a)
CG5549 37
  • 41 (a)
CG7075 37
  • 34 (a)
ine 37
  • 40 (a)
SerT 37
  • 46 (a)
CG1732 35
  • 58.41 (n)
  • 59.12 (a)
CG1732 36
  • 54 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009768 35
  • 30.6 (n)
  • 16 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea snf-1 37
  • 23 (a)
snf-11 37
  • 50 (a)
snf-12 37
  • 30 (a)
snf-3 37
  • 41 (a)
snf-4 37
  • 31 (a)
snf-5 37
  • 28 (a)
snf-6 37
  • 30 (a)
snf-8 37
  • 23 (a)
snf-9 37
  • 31 (a)
snf-11 35
  • 56.28 (n)
  • 54.35 (a)
snf-11 36
  • 49 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SLC6A1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC6A1 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC6A1 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC6A1 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC6A1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC6A1: view

Variants for SLC6A1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC6A1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs17855574 - 11,034,565(+) GACGC(A/C)ACTCA reference, missense
VAR_073852 Myoclonic-atonic epilepsy (MAE)
VAR_073853 Myoclonic-atonic epilepsy (MAE)
VAR_073854 Myoclonic-atonic epilepsy (MAE)
VAR_073855 Myoclonic-atonic epilepsy (MAE)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC6A1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv809e201 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv436362 CNV Deletion 17901297
nsv436869 CNV Insertion 17901297
esv4117 CNV Complex 18987735
nsv876534 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv508209 CNV Loss 20534489
nsv518622 CNV Loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for SLC6A1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 9.06% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.66; 31.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SLC6A1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC6A1 Gene

Disorders for SLC6A1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for SLC6A1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
myoclonic-atonic epilepsy
  • mae
myoclonic-astastic epilepsy
  • doose syndrome
female stress incontinence
  • female urinary stress incontinence
punctate epithelial keratoconjunctivitis
  • punctate keratitis
superficial keratitis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Myoclonic-atonic epilepsy (MAE) [MIM:616421]: A form of epilepsy characterized by myoclonic-atonic and absence seizures, appearing in early childhood. Patients have delayed development before the onset of seizures and show varying degrees of intellectual disability following seizure onset. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25865495}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for SLC6A1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC6A1: view

No data available for Genatlas for SLC6A1 Gene

Publications for SLC6A1 Gene

  1. The GABA transporter 1 (SLC6A1): a novel candidate gene for anxiety disorders. (PMID: 18607529) Thoeringer C.K. … Erhardt A. (J Neural Transm 2009) 3 23 48 67
  2. A possible role of the non-GAT1 GABA transporters in transfer of GABA from GABAergic to glutamatergic neurons in mouse cerebellar neuronal cultures. (PMID: 20512624) SuA+ol C. … Schousboe A. (Neurochem. Res. 2010) 25 26
  3. Twenty-one-base-pair insertion polymorphism creates an enhancer element and potentiates SLC6A1 GABA transporter promoter activity. (PMID: 19077666) Hirunsatit R. … Simen A.A. (Pharmacogenet. Genomics 2009) 3 23
  4. Transmembrane domain 8 of the {gamma}-aminobutyric acid transporter GAT-1 lines a cytoplasmic accessibility pathway into its binding pocket. (PMID: 19201752) Ben-Yona A. … Kanner B.I. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23
  5. Peptide-based interactions with calnexin target misassembled membrane proteins into endoplasmic reticulum-derived multilamellar bodies. (PMID: 18367207) Korkhov V.M. … Sitte H.H. (J. Mol. Biol. 2008) 3 23

Products for SLC6A1 Gene

Sources for SLC6A1 Gene