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SLC51A Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 47
GCID: GC03P195939

Solute Carrier Family 51, Alpha Subunit

  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Solute Carrier Family 51, Alpha Subunit1 2     Organic Solute Transporter1
OSTA2 3 5     OSTalpha2
Solute Carrier Family 51 Subunit Alpha2 3     Organic Solute Transporter Alpha2
OST-alpha2 3     Organic Solute Transporter Subunit Alpha2
Alpha Subunit1     Organic Solute Transporter, Alpha Subunit2

External Ids:    HGNC: 299551   Entrez Gene: 2009312   Ensembl: ENSG000001639597   OMIM: 6120845   UniProtKB: Q86UW13   

Export aliases for SLC51A gene to outside databases


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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GeneCards Summary for SLC51A Gene:
SLC51A (solute carrier family 51, alpha subunit) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC51A include cholestasis, and obesity. GO annotations related to this gene include transporter activity and protein homodimerization activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: OSTA_HUMAN, Q86UW1
Function: Essential component of the Ost-alpha/Ost-beta complex, a heterodimer that acts as the intestinal
basolateral transporter responsible for bile acid export from enterocytes into portal blood. Efficiently
transports the major species of bile acids

Gene Wiki entry for SLC51A (OSTalpha) Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000003.12  NT_005612.17  NC_018914.2  
Regulatory elements:
   Search for regulatory transcription factor binding sites for SLC51A
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidSLC51A promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for SLC51A

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat SLC51A


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 3q29   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  3q29   HGNC cytogenetic band: 3q29

SLC51A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
SLC51A gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 3         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC03P195939:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
195,938,358 bp from pter      End:
195,970,049 bp from pter
Size:
31,692 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: OSTA_HUMAN, Q86UW1 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Organic solute transporter subunit alpha  
Size: 340 amino acids; 37735 Da
Subunit: Interacts with SLC51B. The Ost-alpha/Ost-beta complex is a heterodimer composed of alpha (SLC51A) and
beta (SLC51B) subunit (By similarity)
Secondary accessions: Q6ZMC7

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for SLC51A: NX_Q86UW1

Explore proteomics data for SLC51A at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Modification sites at neXtProt
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See SLC51A Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins: NP_689885.4  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000405414   ENSP00000296327   ENSP00000391172   ENSP00000413951   ENSP00000409560  

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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    SLC: Solute carriers

    IUPHAR Guide to PHARMACOLOGY protein family classification: OSTalpha
    SLC51 family of steroid-derived molecule transporters

    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR005178 Ost-alpha

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q86UW1

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q86UW1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: OSTA_HUMAN, Q86UW1
    Similarity: Belongs to the OST-alpha family


    SLC51A for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, and Vector BioLabs, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: OSTA_HUMAN, Q86UW1
    Function: Essential component of the Ost-alpha/Ost-beta complex, a heterodimer that acts as the intestinal
    basolateral transporter responsible for bile acid export from enterocytes into portal blood. Efficiently
    transports the major species of bile acids
    Induction: Positively regulated via NR1H4/FXR in adrenal gland, kidney and intestine

         Gene Ontology (GO): 4 molecular function terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005215transporter activity IDA16317684
    GO:0005515protein binding ----
    GO:0042803protein homodimerization activity ISS--
    GO:0046982protein heterodimerization activity ISS--
         
    SLC51A for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Phenotypes:
         1 GenomeRNAi human phenotype for SLC51A:
     Increased gamma-H2AX phosphory 

         3 MGI mutant phenotypes (inferred from 2 alleles(MGI details for Slc51a):
     digestive/alimentary  growth/size/body  homeostasis/metabolism 

    SLC51A for phenotypes           About GeneDecksing

    Animal Models:
         MGI mouse knock-outs for SLC51A: Slc51atm1Pda Slc51atm1Nbal

       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Let us create your new Knockout/Knockin mouse model for SLC51A
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       genOway customized Knockin model: humanization, point mutation, expression monitoring, etc. for SLC51A

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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for SLC51A


    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    OSTA_HUMAN, Q86UW1: Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass
    membrane protein (By similarity). Note=Transported from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane upon
    interacting with SLC51B (By similarity). Mainly restricted to the lateral and basal membranes of ileal
    enterocytes

    Gene Ontology (GO): 4 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005789endoplasmic reticulum membrane ISS--
    GO:0005886plasma membrane IDA12719432
    GO:0016021integral component of membrane ISS--
    GO:0043234protein complex ISS--

    SLC51A for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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    SuperPaths for SLC51A About    
    See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1Drug Induction of Bile Acid Pathway
    Drug Induction of Bile Acid Pathway
    2Bile secretion
    Bile secretion

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways


    1 BioSystems Pathway for SLC51A
        Drug Induction of Bile Acid Pathway


    1 Kegg Pathway  (Kegg details for SLC51A):
        Bile secretion


    SLC51A for pathways           About GeneDecksing

        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for SLC51A
    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for SLC51A

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see more details)

    2 Interacting proteins for SLC51A (Q86UW13 ENSP000002963274) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    ATXN1P542533, ENSP000002447694I2D: score=3 STRING: ENSP00000244769
    SLC51BENSP000003352924STRING: ENSP00000335292
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 biological process terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006810transport IEP16317684
    GO:0015721bile acid and bile salt transport ISS--

    SLC51A for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for SLC51A (OSTA)

    5 Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for SLC51A gene    About this table
    Compound   -log (P-Val)   Hits   PubMed IDs for Articles with Shared Sentences (# sentences)
    chenodeoxycholic acid 76.3 4 16251721 (1), 16423920 (1), 19059462 (1)
    estrone sulfate 71.3 1 16246895 (1)
    taurocholate 60.1 1 16246895 (1)
    digoxin 52.7 1 16246895 (1)
    pge2 33.9 1 16246895 (1)



    SLC51A for compounds           About GeneDecksing



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for SLC51A gene: 
    NM_152672.5  

    Unigene Cluster for SLC51A:

    Solute carrier family 51, alpha subunit
    Hs.630585  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: AK172837
    14 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000416660 ENST00000296327(uc003fwd.3) ENST00000442203 ENST00000472653(uc011btu.1)
    ENST00000428985 ENST00000476129 ENST00000475672(uc010iac.1) ENST00000484407(uc003fwe.3)
    ENST00000475271 ENST00000471430 ENST00000415111 ENST00000492794 ENST00000496737
    ENST00000479732
    miRNA
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      QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat SLC51A
      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat SLC51A

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK172837.1 AK300996.1 AK310276.1 AY194243.1 BC029606.1 

    7 DOTS entries:

    DT.113123  DT.65288044  DT.120917047  DT.101975418  DT.95363361  DT.75169430  DT.92442498 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 44):

    AI566333 CB163816 AY194243 CB242258 AW015092 BI562024 AA705797 AA398423 
    BC029606 BE222033 AW300514 AA868769 AA442897 AA442232 CB242297 BX116241 
    AA470133 BU561610 BV201901 NM_152672 AK172837 AA316913 AI640188 CB164255 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    Selected Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC51A (see all 7)    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b
    SP1:                    -           -     -     -     -           -     -                                                   
    SP2:                                                                                                                        
    SP3:                                                              -     -                                                   
    SP4:                                                                                      -                                 
    SP5:                    -           -     -     -                 -     -                                                   


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for SLC51A

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    CGAP TAG: --


    SLC51A expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
     selected tissues (see all 2) fully expand
     
     Gut Tube (Gastrointestinal Tract)
             Midgut
     
     Liver (Hepatobiliary System)
    SLC51A Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    SLC51A Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.630585

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: OSTA_HUMAN, Q86UW1
    Tissue specificity: Widely expressed with a high expression in ileum. Expressed in testis, colon, liver, small
    intestine, kidney, ovary and adrenal gland; and at low levels in heart, lung, brain, pituitary, thyroid gland,
    uterus, prostate, mammary gland and fat

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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

    Orthologs for SLC51A gene from Selected species (see all 12)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Slc51a1 , 5 organic solute transporter alpha5
    solute carrier family 51, alpha subunit1
    84.51(n)1
    82.65(a)1
      16 (22.70 cM)5
    1064071  NM_145932.31  NP_666044.11 
     324755225 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves LOC4249161 organic solute transporter subunit alpha-like 67.08(n)
    62.19(a)
      424916  NM_001277697.1  NP_001264626.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia SLC51A6
    solute carrier family 51, alpha subunit
    60(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    GL343887.1(45990-85523)
    tropical clawed frog
    (Xenopus tropicalis)
    Amphibia slc51a1 solute carrier family 51, alpha subunit 61.3(n)
    52.68(a)
      100497099  XM_002934046.2  XP_002934092.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii slc51a6
    solute carrier family 51, alpha subunit
    35(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    24(25569847-25590995) ENSDARG00000045306


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for SLC51A (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for SLC51A (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for SLC51A gene
    1 SIMAP similar gene for SLC51A using alignment to 5 protein entries:     OSTA_HUMAN (see all proteins):
    OSTalpha

    SLC51A for paralogs           About GeneDecksing



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for SLC51A (see all 559)    About this table    
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 3 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1926506111,2
    C--195941389(+) TAAGAA/CAAAAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs354967941,2
    C--195941414(+) GGGGG-/GAATGC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1846131301,2
    --195941435(+) TTAGCA/GAATGC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1494339781,2
    --195941484(+) TCTCAA/GTAAGT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1448229561,2
    C--195941517(+) TTTTGC/TGGGAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1892065931,2
    --195941594(+) AGCTGA/GCAGGC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1927427231,2
    C--195941604(+) CCCCAA/GCTGCC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs130889101,2
    C,F--195941680(+) CTCCAG/CGCAGG 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- C:0.50NA 4
    rs612211881,2
    C,F--195941734(+) ACCCCG/CTAGAG 1 -- us2k13Minor allele frequency- C:0.15WA CSA 121
    rs569848181,2
    C,F--195941853(+) GCAGCC/ACCCCC 1 -- us2k16Minor allele frequency- A:0.15NA WA CSA 127

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for SLC51A (195938358 - 195970049 bp)

    Structural Variations
          Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) variations for SLC51A: --
    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing SLC51A
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for SLC51A

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 612084    OMIM disorders: --

    5 diseases for SLC51A:    
    About MalaCards
    cholestasis    obesity    ataxia    thyroiditis
    prostatitis


    SLC51A for disorders           About GeneDecksing


    Export disorders for SLC51A gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for SLC51A gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 22):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with SLC51A)
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    1. Functional complementation between a novel mammalian polygenic transport complex and an evolutionarily ancient organic solute transporter, OSTalpha-OSTbeta. (PubMed id 12719432)1, 2, 3, 9 Seward D.J.... Ballatori N. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003)
    2. FXR regulates organic solute transporters alpha and beta in the adrenal gland, kidney, and intestine. (PubMed id 16251721)1, 2, 9 Lee H.... Edwards P.A. (J. Lipid Res. 2006)
    3. The nuclear receptor for bile acids, FXR, transactivates human organic solute transporter-alpha and -beta genes. (PubMed id 16269519)1, 2, 9 Landrier J.-F.... Kullak-Ublick G.A. (Am. J. Physiol. 2006)
    4. Getting the mOST from OST: Role of organic solute transporter, OSTalpha-OSTbeta, in bile acid and steroid metabolism. (PubMed id 20538072)1, 3 Dawson P.A....Rao A. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2010)
    5. OSTalpha-OSTbeta: a major basolateral bile acid and steroid transporter in human intestinal, renal, and biliary epithelia. (PubMed id 16317684)1, 2 Ballatori N.... Li N. (Hepatology 2005)
    6. Upregulation of a basolateral FXR-dependent bile acid efflux transporter OSTalpha-OSTbeta in cholestasis in humans and rodents. (PubMed id 16423920)1, 9 Boyer J.L....Ballatori N. (Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 2006)
    7. I^-Subunit of the OstI+-OstI^ organic solute transporter is required not only for heterodimerization and trafficking but also for function. (PubMed id 22535958)1 Christian W.V....Ballatori N. (J. Biol. Chem. 2012)
    8. Identification of cellular proteins required for replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. (PubMed id 22404213)1 Dziuba N....Murray J.L. (AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses 2012)
    9. Pleiotropic functions of the organic solute transporter OstI+-OstI^. (PubMed id 21691099)1 Ballatori N. (Dig Dis 2011)
    10. Reduced ileal expression of OSTalpha-OSTbeta in non-obese gallstone disease. (PubMed id 18469300)1 Renner O....Stange E.F. (J. Lipid Res. 2008)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 200931 HGNC: 29955 AceView: OSTalpha Ensembl:ENSG00000163959 euGenes: HUgn200931
    ECgene: SLC51A Kegg: 200931 H-InvDB: SLC51A

    (According to HUGE)
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      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for SLC51A Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for SLC51A gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving SLC51A

    GeneCards and IP:
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