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Aliases for SLC36A2 Gene

Aliases for SLC36A2 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 36 Member 2 2 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 36 (Proton/Amino Acid Symporter), Member 2 2 3 5
  • Tramdorin-1 3 4
  • TRAMD1 3 4
  • PAT2 3 4
  • Proton/Amino Acid Transporter 2 4

External Ids for SLC36A2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC36A2 Gene

  • GC05M150695
  • GC05M150723
  • GC05M150674
  • GC05M145839

Summaries for SLC36A2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC36A2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a pH-dependent proton-coupled amino acid transporter that belongs to the amino acid auxin permease 1 protein family. The encoded protein primarily transports small amino acids such as glycine, alanine and proline. Mutations in this gene are associated with iminoglycinuria and hyperglycinuria. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

GeneCards Summary for SLC36A2 Gene

SLC36A2 (Solute Carrier Family 36 Member 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC36A2 include iminoglycinuria, digenic and hyperglycinuria. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include hydrogen ion transmembrane transporter activity and glycine transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC36A1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC36A2 Gene

  • Involved in a pH-dependent electrogenic neuronal transport and sequestration of small amino acids. Transports glycine and proline. Inhibited by sarcosine (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for SLC36A2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC36A2 Gene

Genomics for SLC36A2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC36A2 Gene

Enhancers for SLC36A2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around SLC36A2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SLC36A2 Gene

151,314,978 bp from pter
151,347,590 bp from pter
32,613 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SLC36A2 Gene

Genes around SLC36A2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SLC36A2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SLC36A2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC36A2 Gene

Proteins for SLC36A2 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC36A2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Proton-coupled amino acid transporter 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q495M4
    • Q495M6
    • Q6ZWK5
    • Q7Z6B5

    Protein attributes for SLC36A2 Gene

    483 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53216 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for SLC36A2 Gene


neXtProt entry for SLC36A2 Gene

Proteomics data for SLC36A2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SLC36A2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for SLC36A2 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC36A2 Gene

Domains & Families for SLC36A2 Gene

Gene Families for SLC36A2 Gene

Protein Domains for SLC36A2 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC36A2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the amino acid/polyamine transporter 2 family.
  • Belongs to the amino acid/polyamine transporter 2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC36A2: view

Function for SLC36A2 Gene

Molecular function for SLC36A2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in a pH-dependent electrogenic neuronal transport and sequestration of small amino acids. Transports glycine and proline. Inhibited by sarcosine (By similarity).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC36A2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015171 amino acid transmembrane transporter activity TAS --
GO:0015187 glycine transmembrane transporter activity IEA,IMP 19033659
GO:0015193 L-proline transmembrane transporter activity IEA,IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC36A2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC36A2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for SLC36A2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for SLC36A2

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SLC36A2 Gene

Localization for SLC36A2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC36A2 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SLC36A2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC36A2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
lysosome 1
vacuole 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC36A2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SLC36A2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC36A2: view

Interacting Proteins for SLC36A2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC36A2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015808 L-alanine transport IEA --
GO:0035524 proline transmembrane transport IMP 19033659
GO:0055085 transmembrane transport TAS --
GO:1902600 hydrogen ion transmembrane transport IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC36A2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SLC36A2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SLC36A2 Gene

(3) Drugs for SLC36A2 Gene - From: DrugBank, DGIdb, and IUPHAR

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Oxitriptan Approved Nutra Inhibition, Inhibitor 0
Cycloserine Approved Pharma Transporter 103

(2) Additional Compounds for SLC36A2 Gene - From: HMDB and IUPHAR

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Inhibition, Inhibitor
  • (methylamino)-Acetate
  • (methylamino)-Acetic acid
  • (Methylamino)acetate
  • (Methylamino)acetic acid
  • (Methylamino)ethanoate
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC36A2: view

Transcripts for SLC36A2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for SLC36A2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC36A2 Gene

Solute carrier family 36 (proton/amino acid symporter), member 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC36A2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SLC36A2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC36A2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SLC36A2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC36A2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x25.7), Kidney - Cortex (x19.5), and Nerve - Tibial (x6.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SLC36A2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (63.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SLC36A2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC36A2 Gene Hs.483877

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC36A2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Abundantly expressed in kidney and muscle. Expressed in the S1 segment of the proximal tubule close to the glomerulus.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SLC36A2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SLC36A2 Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for SLC36A2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for SLC36A2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC36A2 35
  • 87.07 (n)
  • 80.71 (a)
SLC36A2 36
  • 81 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC36A2 35
  • 88.5 (n)
  • 85.45 (a)
SLC36A2 36
  • 85 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc36a2 35
  • 84.52 (n)
  • 82.43 (a)
Slc36a2 16
Slc36a2 36
  • 82 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC36A2 35
  • 99.52 (n)
  • 99.17 (a)
SLC36A2 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc36a2 35
  • 84.13 (n)
  • 81.46 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC36A2 36
  • 68 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 62 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 60 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 62 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii slc36a1 36
  • 57 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP000473 35
  • 51.98 (n)
  • 40.84 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1139 36
  • 33 (a)
CG12943 36
  • 24 (a)
CG13384 36
  • 36 (a)
CG16700 36
  • 32 (a)
CG32079 36
  • 29 (a)
CG32081 36
  • 26 (a)
CG43693 36
  • 28 (a)
CG4991 36
  • 26 (a)
CG7888 36
  • 33 (a)
CG8785 36
  • 30 (a)
path 36
  • 29 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C44B7.6 36
  • 27 (a)
F59B2.2 36
  • 23 (a)
H32K16.1 36
  • 24 (a)
T27A1.5 36
  • 32 (a)
Y38H6C.17 36
  • 25 (a)
Y43F4B.7 36
  • 31 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AVT3 36
  • 17 (a)
AVT4 36
  • 17 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SLC36A2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC36A2 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC36A2 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC36A2 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC36A2 Gene

Paralogs for SLC36A2 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for SLC36A2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins: Pseudogenes for SLC36A2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC36A2: view

Variants for SLC36A2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC36A2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs10042608 - 151,316,935(+) TCAGG(A/G)CGTCC reference, missense
rs77010315 Hyperglycinuria (HG), Iminoglycinuria (IG) 151,343,594(+) GTGGG(A/C)CCATC reference, missense
rs1221310 -- 151,324,612(-) gctca(C/T)gcctg intron-variant
rs1221311 -- 151,324,599(-) atccc(A/G)gcact intron-variant
rs185017 -- 151,344,552(-) TTGAC(A/T)AGAAG intron-variant

Variation tolerance for SLC36A2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 88.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.96; 68.08% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SLC36A2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC36A2 Gene

Disorders for SLC36A2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for SLC36A2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
iminoglycinuria, digenic
  • iminoglycinuria
  • glycinuria with or without oxalate nephrolithiasis
enamel erosion
tooth erosion
  • generalized erosion
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Hyperglycinuria (HG) [MIM:138500]: A condition characterized by excess of glycine in the urine. In some cases it is associated with renal colic and renal oxalate stones. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19033659}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Iminoglycinuria (IG) [MIM:242600]: A disorder of renal tubular reabsorption of glycine and imino acids (proline and hydroxyproline), marked by excessive levels of all three substances in the urine. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19033659}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting distinct genetic loci, including the gene represented in this entry. Mutations in SLC36A2 that retain residual transport activity result in the IG phenotype only when combined with haploinsufficiency of the imino acid transporter SLC6A20 or deficiency of the neutral amino acid transporter SLC6A19. Additional polymorphisms and mutations in SLC6A18 can contribute to iminoglycinuria in some families.

Relevant External Links for SLC36A2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC36A2: view

No data available for Genatlas for SLC36A2 Gene

Publications for SLC36A2 Gene

  1. Iminoglycinuria and hyperglycinuria are discrete human phenotypes resulting from complex mutations in proline and glycine transporters. (PMID: 19033659) Broer S. … Rasko J.E. (J. Clin. Invest. 2008) 3 4 23 67
  2. Organization and expression of the SLC36 cluster of amino acid transporter genes. (PMID: 15058382) Bermingham J.R. Jr. … Pennington J. (Mamm. Genome 2004) 3 23
  3. Functional characterization of two novel mammalian electrogenic proton-dependent amino acid cotransporters. (PMID: 11959859) Boll M. … Daniel H. (J. Biol. Chem. 2002) 2 3
  4. ASC-1, PAT2, and P2RX5 are cell surface markers for white, beige, and brown adipocytes. (PMID: 25080478) Ussar S. … Kahn C.R. (Sci Transl Med 2014) 3
  5. Proteomic analysis of podocyte exosome-enriched fraction from normal human urine. (PMID: 23376485) Prunotto M. … Moll S. (J Proteomics 2013) 3

Products for SLC36A2 Gene

Sources for SLC36A2 Gene