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Aliases for SLC18A1 Gene

Aliases for SLC18A1 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 18 (Vesicular Monoamine Transporter), Member 1 2 3
  • VMAT1 3 4 6
  • VAT1 3 4 6
  • Solute Carrier Family 18 Member 1 3 4
  • Vesicular Amine Transporter 1 3 4
  • CGAT 3 6
  • Solute Carrier Family 18 (Vesicular Monoamine), Member 1 3
  • Chromaffin Granule Amine Transporter 3

External Ids for SLC18A1 Gene

Previous Symbols for SLC18A1 Gene

  • VMAT1
  • VAT1

Summaries for SLC18A1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC18A1 Gene

  • The vesicular monoamine transporter acts to accumulate cytosolic monoamines into vesicles, using the proton gradient maintained across the vesicular membrane. Its proper function is essential to the correct activity of the monoaminergic systems that have been implicated in several human neuropsychiatric disorders. The transporter is a site of action of important drugs, including reserpine and tetrabenazine (Peter et al., 1993 [PubMed 7905859]). See also SLC18A2 (MIM 193001).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SLC18A1 Gene

SLC18A1 (Solute Carrier Family 18 (Vesicular Monoamine Transporter), Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Amphetamine addiction and Circadian entrainment. GO annotations related to this gene include drug transmembrane transporter activity and monoamine transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC18A2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC18A1 Gene

  • Involved in the transport of biogenic monoamines, such as serotonin, from the cytoplasm into the secretory vesicles of neuroendocrine and endocrine cells.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC18A1 Gene

Genomics for SLC18A1 Gene

Genomic Location for SLC18A1 Gene

20,144,855 bp from pter
20,183,206 bp from pter
38,352 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SLC18A1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SLC18A1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC18A1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC18A1 Gene

Proteins for SLC18A1 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC18A1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Chromaffin granule amine transporter
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • E9PDJ5
    • Q9BRE4

    Protein attributes for SLC18A1 Gene

    525 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    56257 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for SLC18A1 Gene


neXtProt entry for SLC18A1 Gene

Proteomics data for SLC18A1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SLC18A1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Glycosylation at Asn58, Asn87, and Asn104

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC18A1 Gene

Domains for SLC18A1 Gene

Gene Families for SLC18A1 Gene

Protein Domains for SLC18A1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC18A1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the major facilitator superfamily. Vesicular transporter family.:
    • P54219
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC18A1: view

Function for SLC18A1 Gene

Molecular function for SLC18A1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: solute carrier family 18,member A1,vesicular monoamine transporter,expressed in adrenals
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Involved in the transport of biogenic monoamines, such as serotonin, from the cytoplasm into the secretory vesicles of neuroendocrine and endocrine cells.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC18A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008504 monoamine transmembrane transporter activity TAS 8643547
GO:0015238 drug transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC18A1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC18A1: view

miRNA for SLC18A1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SLC18A1

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SLC18A1 Gene

Localization for SLC18A1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC18A1 Gene

Isoform 1: Cytoplasmic vesicle membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.
Isoform 2: Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SLC18A1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC18A1 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
plasma membrane 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC18A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum --
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
GO:0070083 clathrin-sculpted monoamine transport vesicle membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC18A1: view

Pathways for SLC18A1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC18A1: view

Interacting Proteins for SLC18A1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC18A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006836 neurotransmitter transport IEA --
GO:0006855 drug transmembrane transport IEA --
GO:0015844 monoamine transport TAS 8643547
GO:0015893 drug transport --
GO:0055085 transmembrane transport TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC18A1: view

Compounds for SLC18A1 Gene

(3) Drugbank Compounds for SLC18A1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
  • Chinese jointfir
target inhibitor
  • (+ )-methylamphetamine
537-46-2 target inhibitor
  • (+-)-mmda
13674-05-0 target inhibitor

(3) IUPHAR Ligand for SLC18A1 Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
reserpine Inhibitor Inhibition 7.9
tetrabenazine Inhibitor Inhibition 7
ketanserin Inhibitor Inhibition 6.3

(4) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for SLC18A1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
amine 55.5 1
acetylcholine 38.6 1
dopamine 35.5 1
tyrosine 0 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC18A1: view

Transcripts for SLC18A1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC18A1 Gene

Solute carrier family 18 (vesicular monoamine), member 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC18A1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18 ^ 19
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP6: - -

Relevant External Links for SLC18A1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC18A1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SLC18A1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC18A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (16.9), Brain - Substantia nigra (7.8), and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (5.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SLC18A1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC18A1 Gene Hs.158322

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SLC18A1: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC18A1 Gene

Orthologs for SLC18A1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SLC18A1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC18A1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC18A1 35
  • 87.15 (n)
  • 84.92 (a)
SLC18A1 36
  • 85 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC18A1 35
  • 86.7 (n)
  • 85.31 (a)
SLC18A1 36
  • 85 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc18a1 35
  • 84.07 (n)
  • 83.11 (a)
Slc18a1 16
Slc18a1 36
  • 83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC18A1 36
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SLC18A1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc18a1 35
  • 83.69 (n)
  • 83.69 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SLC18A1 35
  • 71.54 (n)
  • 74.9 (a)
SLC18A1 36
  • 72 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SLC18A1 36
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100487393 35
  • 65.28 (n)
  • 66.46 (a)
Str.2504 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100331899 35
  • 66.14 (n)
  • 68.45 (a)
SLC18A1 36
  • 65 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Vmat 36
  • 41 (a)
CG10251 37
  • 33 (a)
CG6119 37
  • 63 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea cat-1 36
  • 42 (a)
cat-1 37
  • 42 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SLC18A1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC18A1 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC18A1 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC18A1 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC18A1 Gene

Paralogs for SLC18A1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for SLC18A1 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC18A1: view

Variants for SLC18A1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC18A1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs721950 -- 20,181,826(-) CATCC(A/C)AGTTT utr-variant-5-prime, intron-variant
rs721951 -- 20,181,466(-) CCTGG(C/T)AGTAT intron-variant
rs903997 -- 20,148,205(-) AAAGT(C/G)TGAGA intron-variant
rs952858 -- 20,175,091(-) CAACA(C/G)ACTGC intron-variant
rs952859 -- 20,175,076(-) CTTCA(A/C)GGACA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC18A1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv522185 CNV Gain 19592680
dgv7753n71 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv7754n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv824563 CNV Loss 20364138
nsv508498 CNV Loss 20534489
essv1565 CNV CNV 17122850
nsv438045 CNV Loss 16468122
nsv8312 CNV Gain 18304495
esv2675168 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for SLC18A1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC18A1 Gene

Disorders for SLC18A1 Gene

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for SLC18A1 Gene

(3) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for SLC18A1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
carcinoid 53 3
schizophrenia 32.8 5
tumors 0 7

Relevant External Links for SLC18A1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC18A1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC18A1 Gene

Publications for SLC18A1 Gene

  1. Distinct pharmacological properties and distribution in neurons and endocrine cells of two isoforms of the human vesicular monoamine transporter. (PMID: 8643547) Erickson J.D. … Weihe E. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1996) 3 4 23
  2. Identification and characterization of a novel splicing variant of vesicular monoamine transporter 1. (PMID: 16326835) Essand M. … Giandomenico V. (J. Mol. Endocrinol. 2005) 3 4 23
  3. Variations in the vesicular monoamine transporter 1 gene (VMAT1/SLC18A1) are associated with bipolar i disorder. (PMID: 16936705) Lohoff F.W. … Berrettini W.H. (Neuropsychopharmacology 2006) 3 23 48
  4. Association study of the vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (VMAT1) gene with schizophrenia in a Japanese population. (PMID: 17134514) Richards M. … Kunugi H. (Behav Brain Funct 2006) 3 23 48
  5. Association between polymorphisms in the vesicular monoamine transporter 1 gene (VMAT1/SLC18A1) on chromosome 8p and schizophrenia. (PMID: 18451639) Lohoff F.W. … Berrettini W.H. (Neuropsychobiology 2008) 3 23 48

Products for SLC18A1 Gene

Sources for SLC18A1 Gene

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